Herculean task of sanitization and rebuilding Burma


Herculean task of sanitization and rebuilding Burma

The SPDC and Myanmar Military today is like the Augean Stables. The stables of Augeas, the mythological King of Elis, in Greece, housed his great herd of oxen. They were never cleaned.  Hercules was tasked to cleanse them, which he did by diverting the course of a river through them. When he completed his tasks, he gained immortality.

SPDC, which controlled the Myanmar Military, is much weaker than Hercules. Neither Than Shwe, Maung Aye, Shwe Man nor could any one of the SPDC Myanmar Military Generals could be able to clear away the accumulated mass of rubbish of its own doing: corruption, mismanagement, and the deteriorating condition of the people’s, physical health, moral conditions, psychological sufferings, religious intolerances, economical destruction, low GDP, low earning power, rising cost of living and legal mess. Burma as the country is financially poor economically ruined and Burmese people are physically and mentally weak nowadays.

None in Myanmar Military could divert the course of the river of justice, and have the right to cleanse it of its uncontrollable accumulated debris of past neglect, misuse of power, and all the ills of the successive dictatorship, autocratic and despotic governments. If only Daw Aung San Su Kyi is allowed to form and lead the Coalition Government, she could surely divert the river, clean the country and also let the fresh inflow of investment, capital, manpower and push our country to leap forward with the incoming wave or tide of progress with her Herculean mental strength and willpower, mobilizing all the people of Burma and of course with the help of the whole world.

So if they really are patriotic, love Burma/Myanmar and wish the country to prosper, peaceful an d progress, the present ruling Junta Generals should allow Daw Su to recruit the help of all the Burmese people residing inside and abroad, opposition parties, all the ethnic minority groups and different race and religious groups to do the Herculean task of cleaning our beloved country.

If you Generals are scared of your selves, your properties, relatives, friends etc and if also scared of disintegrating of our beloved country, Burma/Myanmar into pieces, you just keep your SPDC as the Guardian Council or Upper House, as Ne Win’s Revolution council or Socialist party had done (but should not interfere in the daily running of the Government like Ne Win had done before.) or as Iran’s Mullahs’ Council or Pakistan’s President Musharaaf is doing now and let Daw Aung San Su Kyi to form Coalition Government and allow to run the country’s day to day affairs without any interruption from Army until and unless it really affects your Military and the security or stability of the country.

In this way we can start to have a very good understanding of each other and could nurture a mutual trust and real confidence building on each other. With all the help from the foreign powers and the wealth of the Burmese abroad that means financial and various expertise Burma/Myanmar could easily surpass all our neighbours.

Dear Generals. We all Burmese are kind and gentle. We all are ready to forgive and forget. We would not seek for revenge. Just see what happen in Philippines and Indonesia. After Marcos, Philippines people power icon Corazan Aquino was democratically replaced by Ramos, the right hand man of Marcos. In Indonesia, after Suhato, people now choose the party to rule the country democratically and that party is working on friendly terms with the military. So just let Prime Minister Daw Su to run the show with the ethnic leaders. Please support her Cabinet with sincerity without any sabotage. Burmese people who distaste all of you may one day even turn round and ask your help in building our country. Just for now please step aside and allow Daw Su and her Cabinet to rule Burma/Myanma. If not, 666 movement or any other impending uprising could damage all of you.                                                                                        

Bo Aung Din 

Advising OIC to re-brand and repackage the image of Islam

Advising OIC

to re-brand and repackage

the image of Islam


_ by Dr Zafar Shah

Dear OIC leaders,                           

Please may you kindly allow me to advise the Organization of the Islamic Conference to try to change the present image of Islam by the non-Muslim world. Because of the extremists’ action of violence especially on-unarmed civilians, nowadays quite a lot of non-Muslims are looking with the suspected eyes on all the Muslims.  

I am not here to argue anything about Jihad. However, we all must acknowledge that some people against Islam had successfully re-branded all of us after the end of cold war. As there is no more evil group against them, weapon producers need to create a new enemy. So they re-package us, Muslims as a new enemy and successfully re-branded as Terrorists. With peace after cold war, they are going to lose every thing. With the creating of a new enemy, re-branded, Terrorist Islam, they could keep on getting profits by selling weapons to both sides.  

Continue reading

Wake up call for UNHCR

Wake up call for UNHCR

_ By Dr Zafar Shah

In the March 15 Malaysiakini, A Burmese refugee who served as an interpreter with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) office in Kuala Lumpur accused his former colleagues of discrimination. He claimed that the Rohingyas were sidelined and he requested to give an equal treatment. UNCHR denied the allegation because it cannot reveal the truth behind this episode. Before that, there were posters condemning UNHCR in downtown Kuala Lumpur and some refugees protested in front of UNHCR head office. Previously there were also protests against UNHCR in Thailand, India and Bangladesh by the Myanmar refugees. There were also strong exchanges of words between UNHCR and Malaysian authorities off and on.

Myanmar refugees accused UNHCR officers that they are sleeping on the job after taking five figure salaries. Actually, UNHCR’s hands were virtually tied because they have to search for the volunteer third party countries that would accept and allow settling of refugees.  Nowadays these countries told unofficially but firmly to the UNHCR that they are only willing to accept the non-Muslim refugees only. 

(Muslims could not blame them because that is the result of the acts of our fellow Muslim Refugees settled in Denmark, UK, French and Australia and because of the 9-11 incident in US.)

It is time to wake up and face the reality, UNHCR officers. You need to think out of the box to free the refugees out of this dilemma. Let’s see what is beyond UNHCR’s capacity and later search for what they could do. 

A.      UNHCR could not do the followings_

1.      UNHCR have to accept that they cannot do anything to improve the socio-political conditions back in the source country, Myanmar. (They cold not force the regime change of Myanmar nor even force the Myanmar to change the policy on its minorities. Even at the UNSC the western countries’ resolution on Myanmar was blocked.)

2.      UNHCR could not force the present third countries accepting refugees to accept more refugees or to take Muslim refugees.

3.      UNHCR’s present blaming and pressuring of Malaysian Home Ministry or other host countries could not generate any fruitful results.

4.      As the democratic countries, host countries have to consider the sensitivities of their voters and their countries’ politico-religious conditions. (The western countries would never reveal officially that they do not want the Muslim refugees and Malaysia would never tell that they prefer Malay-Indonesian blooded Refugees only.)

B.      UNHCR should  try to do the followings_

1.      Persuade OIC member Muslim countries with the help of Malaysian Government and UNSG’s office to start to accept Myanmar Refugees.

2.      Actually, refugees are like unpolished gemstones. Most of the countries do not know the true value of the refugees. UNHCR should shine them so that other countries would appreciate them.

(a)     UNHCR should polish the refugees of their basic skills to turn them into a good workforce. UNHCR should open vocational training and language training centres according to the demand.

(b)     UNHCR should form a work force training, management and supply company.

(c)      UNHCR should negotiate with multinational companies and countries around the world to accept them on contract basis.

(d)     UNHCR should issue Certificate of Identity in lieu of International Passports for all the refugees, political or economic migrants in Malaysia.

3.      Then only UNHCR could do away with the present prolonged period for the interviews and investigations. In Burma, there is a widespread socio-economic problem which is difficult to resolve. As almost the whole population of Burma is suffering under the autocratic Junta, we hope it is not necessary to differentiate between these two categories. If we do away with this differentiation, the resettlement process will be faster. 

4.      Once UNHCR issued the Certificate of Identity in lieu of International Passports (C of I or PP) to all the Burmese refugees, illegal immigrants, all of them can freely apply for visas and search for jobs around the world.

5.      UNHCR has to work with its parent United Nations, ILO, WTO, WHO, UNDP, UNICEF, international and local NGOs, World Bank, Interpol and the countries around the world so that they could successfully implement this project.

6.      With the GLOBLISATION, UNHCR and UN should initiate, persuade, negotiate, and press for the free manpower mobilization to balance the socio-economic imbalances around the world.

7.      To fund this project, UNHCR could start with its budget but could re quest funds from the donor countries that used to accept the refugees.  UNDP, UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, EU, ASEAN countries and host countries could also chip in.

8.      UNHCR could strike deals as a Manpower Management Company and charge the employers, request rebates from the income tax departments and other levies charged by the employer countries. 

9.      UNHCR could even charge some fees from the refugees who become high-income earners. 

10. UNHCR could arrange with some international insurance companies for the refugees’ social security, future health and financial needs, and the education needs of their children.  They should be made to pay a portion of their monthly salary as instalments via a monthly deduction from their salary.  Their employers and the related governments should arrange for rebates, contributions or income tax exemptions e.t.c. into this fund.

11. UNHCR could arrange for or coordinate with some multinational companies and some host countries or neighbours of Burma/Myanmar to form joint venture industrial towns.  The local government’s investment would be land and some infrastructure necessities, UNHCR could manage the work force, and multinational companies could provide the financing and technology.

12. UNHCR could use this manpower pool for the UN’s various development projects around the world and for its HQ.  UNHCR could even use some suitable persons as security personnel in UN related offices and projects worldwide, and could recruit some of the suitable persons to help the UN peacekeepers around the world.

C.      UNHCR should guarantee that_

1.        Those refugee workers who hold the UNHCR Certificate of Identity Card (PP) would be working only on normal temporary contract basis.

2.        If there are any problems, UNHCR must take the undertaking to repatriate the workers, to the UNCHR controlled camps near the Burmese border.

3.        Promise that there are no obligations on the host countries to accept these workers permanently as citizens.

4.        If a refugee finished his contract with an unblemished record, UNHCR could search a job for him in other countries or temporarily repatriate him to the UNHCR camps at the border.

5.        If a refugee committed any crime, or has a disciplinary problem, he should be blacklisted and may be permanently sent back to the UNHCR camps at the Burmese border. 

6.        If UNHCR could guarantee that kind of undertaking or repatriation only, many countries would dare to issue work visas to the refugees. 

7.        To repatriate the sailors, there are fixed airfares from anywhere back to the country of origin.  UNHCR could negotiate that kind of repatriation fares.

It is the time to reform and revamp UNHCR. Even if it is difficult to issue the Certificate of Identity in lieu of International Passports (C of I or PP) to all the Burmese refugees, UNHCR must persuade OIC member Muslim countries with the help of Malaysian Government and UNSG’s office to start to accept Myanmar Refugees.


Read this author’s other articles.


Aung Zaw said _

Its is really nice and constructive for the sake of humanity. The UNHCR would do everything for the welfare of refugees, rather than doing for a single group.

Actually, Dr. Volker Turk is not only a professonalist but also a racist on refugee issues.

Dr. Volker Turk created a conflict among the refugee communities in Malaysia as he closed registration for all nationals on May 15, 2007 but hiddenly registered more than 3000 Chin Christians.

In my opinion, all the staff of the UNHCR in Kuala Lumpur would change as early as possible. Because they are directly or indirectly involved in corruption.

On behalf of all Burmese non-Chin appeal to the International community to form an immediate investigation team for UNHCR office in Kuala Lumpur, in order to find a permanent solution for every one, rather than marginalizing with temporary stay permit that is not fall under the UN Convention.

Maung Soe said _

Volker Turk is destroying our national solidarity among the Burmese refugee community. So, we call upon the International Community to form an international investigation team to find out the reality of corruption and discrimination that has been exercising in the UNHCR local office in Kuala Lumpur under the patronization of criminal Volker Turk. I also strongly support the writer and commenter in this regards for the sake of humanity.
I also want to say the contributors to write more about stateless Muslims from Burma to find a permanent solution.

SPDC Junta Mentioned in Buddha’s Teachings

SPDC Junta Mentioned in Buddha’s Teachings

_ Original author Ohn Kyaw Myint

_ Translated by Dr San Oo Aung

Are you smiling with a smirk after reading my heading? Myanmar and SPDC Junta could not be present during Lord Buddha’s period. I know that you think we are just bluffing and using religion to attack blindly our political opponents. Do not misunderstand or misinterpret me or give a prejudgment before finishing this article.  Once you finished reading, consider the current political scenario in present Myanmar according to Buddha’s teachings. Then only you will understand the truth and wisdom of our religious teachings.

There is a saying, “Eyes do not see; only the brain sees”. Yes if you do not look and think, you could easily miss the truth. If we observe with care only, we could understand and see the truth and essence of our religion.

During the time of Lord Buddha, there was a prosperous and busy country called ‘Wai Thar Li’ or Vesali. (Please allow me to use these modern, Burmanized, easily recognizable words instead of real words in Pali or real names in India e.g. Vesali. Please kindly allow me to continue using these words in this whole article)

(You may be familiar with the artist, Wai Thar Li Maung Phone or bird, Wai Thar Li Crane)

Lord Buddha had even praised the beauty of that Wai Thar Li country in the ‘Maha Pari Nibbana Thoke,’

“Dear son Ananda, that Wai Thar Li country is very beautiful. The worshipping places around that Wai Thar Li are also very pleasant.”

(Maybe the people from Wai Thar Li had even composed the songs, “Our country is the best country to live in the world”…similar to the currently popular songs broadcast from Myanmar Broadcasting Service, “our country is the worse country so we all wish to die- – -“)

We wonder why Than Shwe was not interested to build the new capital based on that Wai Thar Li. What you call? Yes, why he had chosen that Kyat Pyae (meaning Ghost run or Run because of difficulties) or Kyet Pyae (Chicken Run) area to be named as ‘Nay Pyi Daw’?

  • Why never dare to give the beautiful name as Wai Thar Li?
  • Why scared? Is he afraid that his town is not worthy of that name and he would be in trouble or be cursed if he chose that noble name?
  • Or is he has given the name ‘Nay Pyi Daw’ based from his step father Nay Win’s name? Let it be. I do not wish to elaborate further. I lost the track of my precious relagious conversation because of the distraction by this war criminal.

Let’s go back to our religious story. One day, Lord Buddha visited Wai Thar Li and stayed at the ‘Amva Pali’ mango garden. Once heard that news, ‘Lizza Wee’ princes wore their best clothing to visit and pay respect to Lord Buddha.

(They were not like SPDC Generals, who wore Military Uniforms with golden badges adding flowers and white cloth sling across the shoulders but carry the pistols at the loin to show off. A visit to the shrine or pagoda with the visible pistol is meant for what?

  1. To threaten God? Or-
  2. To show off the power? Or-
  3. To threaten the Abbots so that they dare not show any disrespect to them (generals)?

Anyway, even if they are paranoid and thought that they are surrounded by enemies, no need to carry the pistols obviously or openly. They could more discreetly carry their pistols hidden in the pockets or under the armpit. When I carried my pistol I never show off but secretly only.  The SPDC Generals with pistols attached to leather belts are reminiscent of Fascist Japanese Captains or behaving like American cowboys.

Even Iraq’s ex-Dictator Saddam Hussein ordered his soldiers not to wear uniforms in the public. He said that it could be seen as threatening the people and could cause misunderstanding on the government. People could think there is no peace and order.)

The unity of those well dressed Princes even attracted the attention of Lord Buddha and told his monks,

“Dear sons, look at those ‘Lizza Wee’ people. They even resemble the angels from the ‘Tar Wa Rein Tar’ paradise.”

If Lord Buddha had seen those SPDC Generals in uniforms with dangling pistols, he would even comment,

Dear sons, look at those SPDC people. They even resemble the butchers, hunters and assassins.”

Wai Thar Li country was so united, the king and his subjects, helping each other and staying as real brothers. Therefore, the country progressed and was prosperous. Naturally, the neighbours became jealous and attacked them but they all were defeated by the unified forces of Wai Thar Li.

Once, ‘King Azar Da That’ sent the minister ‘Mar Gada’ to the Lord Buddha to ask opinion whether to attack Wai Thar Li or not. Although humanly problems are not his concern, Lord Buddha seen the detriment or dangers of the plan and instead of answering directly, asked the brother ‘Ananda’ the following seven questions.

Those seven great questions and answers became famous as the ‘A Pari Har Niya’ meaning the ‘Seven precepts which could never lead to failures’ and later popularly known and accepted as the ‘Seven precepts for the Kings and Rulers’.

Brother ‘Ananda’ answered Lord Buddha’s questions:

“Dear Lord, those ‘Wazzi’ kings from Wai Thar Li are:_

  1. They are united and always have meetings, discussions and conferences.
    • the SPDC Generals never have the meeting with the people and opposition.
    • They even never discuss amongst each other but just obey the orders of Senior General Than Shwe.
    • From the Appointments and Promotions in the Government to construction and shifting of the new capital, all are done under the foolish orders of His Majesty.
    • Even the TV programmes were abruptly stopped under his odd and whimsy orders.
    • SPDC Generals are also divided and have a deep-seated hatred amongst themselves.

So the precept Number one is out of question for them.)

  1. They used to go to the meetings together and finished together.
    • the SPDC Generals never used to go to the meetings together.
    • Dare not have a meeting with the people or the opposition.
    • The sham National Convention is also a staged show to deceive the people and the whole world.
    • Even that sham National Convention was used to convene twice a year only for the happy New Year and farewell conference at the year-end.
    • This procrastination exercise of convening a sham National Convention breaks the world record by starting in 1993 and is not finished even after 13 long years.
    • Selected obedient persons only are allowed there and
    • most of the political parties, civil societies and Ethnic Minorities are conspicuously absent.
    • Those attended are also kept like under the house arrest.
    • Even NLD and Ethnic Minorities could not attend together means that

The precept Number 2 is out of question for them.)

  1. Old tested Customs, Laws, Rules and Regulations are not abolish or abandoned but kept and obeyed.

            (The SPDC Generals discarded – – –

    • all the old Laws,
    • Rules,
    • Regulations,
    • 1947 Constitution and
    • even their old Military (under Nae Win) made laws, orders and constitution were all demolished.
    • They made their own orders, rules and regulations to serve their selfish purpose.
    • Even the religious rules are changed.

          So the precept Number 3 is out of question for them.)

  1. Respectable persons are duly honoured , respected and obeyed.

(The SPDC Generals

    • would look in the mirrors in search for the respectable persons.
    • Megalomaniac and power crazy generals look down on Abbots, Priests, monks, wise-learned persons, academicians, professionals and older generations.
    • The SPDC Generals thought that those ignorant stupid people are unintelligent fools that have to obey all their orders.
    • They know the best, they are the wisest, most learned persons and so all the people, from old to young, Abbots to students and soldiers (except their wives and children) must obey them blindly as they were told or ordered.
    • Generals have the highest IQs, because of that they could even rule the country for many decades (even without using their heads).
    • Even the religion was used to intoxicate the people to smoothen their Military rule.

             So the precept Number 4 is out of question for them.)

  1. They never molest or rape the women.

(For the SPDC Generals

    • women are for entertainment only
    • women are sex slaves for the Myanma Tatmadaw
    • Ethnic Minority girls are regularly raped by SPDC soldiers under the orders from above,
    • to eradicate their Ethnic Minority races and so amounting to committing the attempted genocide.

            So the precept Number 5 is also out of question for them.)

  1. Peoples worshipping places are duly took care of, respected and always regularly paid homage.

            (The SPDC Generals usually- – –

    • destroy and loot the valuables from the pagodas under the disguise of repair or maintenances. Sometimes the jewelry were replaced with fakes.
    • Disobedient Abbots and Monks were disrobed, removed from monasteries and jailed.
    • Century old Rice Donation and Religious organizations are banned.
    • Revered ‘Ma Naw’ pillars from Kachin State were destroyed.
    • Venerated Stone Inscriptions in Chin state were also destroyed.
    • Islamic Mosques and religious schools were systematically destroyed,
    • old or ruined ones were not allowed to renovate.
    • New Mosques are not allowed to built.
    • Christian Churches were destroyed and
    • practice forced conversions.

          So the precept Number 6 is also out of question for them.)

  1. Excellent explanatory Government Servants and those who had sacrificed for the country are well rewarded.

          (For the SPDC Generals – – –

    • they wrongly that think are the only ones sacrificing and working for the country.
    • They show ingratitude to the people and the country.
    • They wrongly think that their Myanmar Tatmadaw or military is the guardian parents of the people.
    • The people and country must thank them for protecting them.
    • They even forgot their founding father, General Aung San and the Martyrs who sacrificed their lives for Burma.
    • People who salute the photographs of General Aung San and those attended or celebrate the Martyrs’ days were even arrested and jailed.
    • Model and outstanding Persons who were rewarded by the previous governments but disagree or fail to support them were stripped off their rewards.
    • Even those rewards and badges honoured by the foreign governments were forced to hand over to them, with the lame excuse of as if to display in the museums.

            For those ungrateful SPDC Generals the precept Number 7 is also out of question for


Then Lord Buddha replied,

“Dear son Ananda, if those ‘Lizza Wee Kings’ are observing the A Pari Har Niya’, meaning the ‘Seven precepts which could never lead to failures’; they could not be defeated and they would never lead to failures but progress only.” These are later famous as the ‘Seven precepts for the Kings and Rulers’ to observe.

‘Mar Gada’ Minister reported all he seen and heard to the ‘King Azar Da That’. The King realized his wrong intention, decreed the ‘A Pari Har Niya’ or the ‘Seven precepts for the Kings and Rulers’ as his way of governing the country. Since then, this ‘A Pari Har Niya’ became famous.

For the SPDC Junta who are against the ‘A Pari Har Niya’, Lord Buddha would likely to comment:

“Dear son Ananda, if those SPDC Generals are not observing the ‘A Pari Har Niya’, meaning the ‘Seven precepts which could never lead to failures’; or the ‘Seven precepts for the Kings and Rulers’ they could be easily defeated and they would never lead to progress but failures only”

We believe that SPDC had already unwittingly pushed the button of self-destruction once they had committed the sins of going against Lord Buddha’s teachings.

Now I hope, you could understand my remarks or heading of my article, “SPDC Junta Mentioned in Buddha’s Teachings”.

According to the Burmese beliefs there are  “Five types of enemies”: _

  • Water- flooding, drowning, storms etc
  • Fire
  • King or Government
  • Thief
  • The person who hate you

                     I hereby hope and pray that all the people of Burma/Myanmar could be free from the worse enemy from the “Five types of enemies”, the SPDC Government in a very near future.

(Please sign the petition “We Want our Student Leaders Released Immediately”)




Nwar Pyi Daw Thar said _

The SPDC Generals with pistols attached to leather belts are reminiscent of Fascist Japanese Captains or behaving like American cowboys.

What you call? Yes, why he had chosen that Kyat Pyae (meaning Ghost run or Run because of difficulties) or Kyet Pyae (Chicken Run) area to be named as ‘Nay Pyi Daw’?

Real reason is to name “Nwar Pyi Daw” (cow capital) and they will do cow business as cowboys with the guns. Don’t you believe me? Visit Nwar pyi daw and you will see cow, cattle more than urbanization. There is journalist visited and wrote about nwar capital as he seen mainly cow, cattle than cars.


Burma in Buddha’s teaching (Burmese article)



Game Plan for the Uprisings

Game Plan for the Uprisings

Because of Ko Zay Ya’s call for the 666 uprising and Dr Salai Tun Than’s call for the idea of civil disobedience, I hereby present the Burmese Politics according to a mathematician’s eye. 

Economist John Nash won the Nobel Price because of his famous “Game Theory”. 

Most of the politicians played along the line of this classic ‘game theory’. 

Let us consider Burmese/Myanmar politics according to the Nash’s theory but I wish to just present it in a very simple way or layman’s terms and calculate the possible outcomes or results. 

I like to explain the game first. Not a very nice example to all the readers, especially if they are related to the present military leaders but it is easy to understand this GAME THEORY by looking into the dilemma of the two detainees in the police lockup. Let’s assume that the two persons Bo Tin Oo and Bo Khin Nyunt had committed a crime together. Police detained them in two separate cells. (Please forget for a while about the real situation in Burma where police are servants of Military.) The police inve stigator told both of them separately “If you both confess, each of you will get 10 years’ jail sentence. If you both stay silent, we won’t have enough evidence and  both of you would be freed, but if only one of you confesses, I give you only five years in jail and while the other will get 15 years in jail”.  

Common sense would dictate that the best strategy is for both to stay silent and cooperate. This is the cooperative solution in game theory as it maximizes the two players’ joint welfare. But both Bo Tin Oo and Bo Khin Nyunt are in separate cells and cannot cooperate (or even if they do communicate somehow, they do not trust each other, or worse, both are of the untrustworthy kind ready to take advantage of any situation at the drop of the hat).  

Bo Tin Oo says to himself, “If Bo Khin Nyunt confesses, I am better off confessing; if Bo Khin Nyunt stays silent, I still am better off confessing. So I am better of confessing under any condition.” Bo Khin Nyunt thinks about it the same way, and concludes that he too is better off confessing. “Therefore both players have the same best strategy, for selfish gain, no matter what the other chooses”.  

This is called the dominant strategy. When both players have the same dominant strategy, it is an example of Nash Equilibrium. The result for the prisoners is that they both get 10 years in jail. They are both worse off.  

< div class=MsoNormal style=”MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt”>(This example is nothing to do directly with what happened to Bogyoke Tin Oo and Bogyoke Khin Nyunt, one died in helicopter crash and the other is suffering the long term jail sentence.) 

Now let’s see the pre-independent era of Burma. There were several games that fitted the game theory.  

Game No 1: 

Look at Burmese politics during the British rule. You have multiple players such as Bamas, ethnic minorities, Burmese Indians (Muslims and Hindis) and Burmese Chinese. All of them realized that the best strategy for all Burmese citizens is to cooperate although there are many different groups and ideologies. We all had basically cooperated to fight the foreign powers, British and Japanese. Then during the struggle to get Independence from post Second World War weak British, Bogyoke Aung San successfully organized the Panglon Conference. Though Bamas had the main share of political power, the other players more or less has some important say in policy making. This is the result according to the cooperative solution in game theory as it maximizes the players’ joint welfare. Catch point was the option to some states to separate from the Union after 10 years’ of Independence. 

But in 1947, because of alleged instigation of Ne Win and with the help of some British Army personnel, Galone U Saw decided to assassinate Bogyoke Aung San and the whole cabinet.  The dominant strategy results the tragic loss for Burma. 

In 1961-62, because of the impending Federal Constitution changes, although actually there was no real danger of breaking up of Union of Burma into pieces, Ne Win give that excuse and took over power with the help of Burmese Military. Ne Win and successive Military rulers decided not to share power with the other players. Instead it wanted all of the power for itself. This is akin to one of the prisoners breaking away and not cooperating. The result is that everyone would be worse off. And we can see some of the worsened situations already: polarized communal politics, blatant discrimination and corruption and destruction of the socioeconomic condition of whole Burma and multicolored ethnic, race, religion and ideology based rebels.  

Game No. 2.  

The game in the context of opposition parties. Military decided not to share real policy-making power with others; Ethnic Minorities, rebels (underground and ceased fire groups), and pro democracy forces inside the country and exiled.  From the perspectives of ceased fire groups and some puppet ethnic minorities, the dominant strategy for them would be to stop cooperating with SPDC Military leaders and break way from the untrustworthy ‘partner’. That is what is best for them. This is their dominant strategy according to the game theory. Instead, most of them opted to stick with their ‘partner’ Burmese Military, equivalent to getting the worse jail sentence of 15 years in the example of the prisoner’s dilemma. The result: these parties are sidelined and the communities that they represent are marginalized.  

Game N0 3.  

From the perspective of various minority Ethnic Minority Groups politics.  Shan, Kachin, Karen, Mon, Kayah, Chin, Rakhines and numerous other parties that represent almost all the other minorities in Burma are the game players. After the SPDC Military made it clear not to share real power with the minority groups, the dominant strategy for the minority would be to break away from the SPDC and stick together among themselves.  

This is equivalent to confessing in the prisoner’s dilemma. Since Bo Tin Oo had already confessed, Bo Khin Nyunt’s best strategy is to confess too. Tit for tat. Otherwise, Bo Khin Nyunt would get the worse jail term of all. As we all know, various groups and people of Burma chose the worst strategy for themselves. Some of them chose not to stick together, but instead played along with SPDC.  

Another way to look at this is to keep Military out of the picture and ask what is the best strategy for NLD, Ethnic Minorities, rebels, all the other oppositions and the whole population of Burma. As in the prisoner’s dilemma, the best strategy for them is to cooperate. However, the dominant strategy for some of the groups and people is to cheat and rat on each other. Instead of civil disobedience like India led by Mahatma Ghandi, they confessed and ratted on each other to curry some favours or to get a chance to bite and chew on the bones left over by the Burmese Military hoping that they would be better off individually. As a group, they picked the worst strategy. For the minorities and the whole population, this is the worst outcome.  

Game No 4.  

Opposition politics. The best strategy is for them to cooperate. However, since the dominant strategy is for each of the players to betray each other and grab more than its share of power, NLD naturally picked to ignore the Christians and Muslims’ plight giving excuses as if they are avoiding religious politics.  

NLD claims once get the Democr acy, all the different races and religious groups would be looked after. They scared to loose the support of Buddhist Monks and Buddhist Majority. They should clearly declare that Democracy is not meant to terrorize the minority by the majority but protect the Minorities’ rights.

But the SPDC has even started the Psychological warfare of divide and rule by claiming t hat NLD is infiltrated by Indian Kalas. 

This Game No 5 of divide and rule is successfully played by all the Dictators and Colonial Masters in the history of the world. All of us Burmese citizens must aware of that.  

The best GAME Strategy for Burma/Myanmar is for all of the people, political parties, rebels, ethnic minorities and religious groups to be united and negotiate with the present Military leaders to form a care taker government for about 5-10 years to concentrate the devel opment of our country. 

In 8888 movement we had achieved some success. But much anticipated 9999 movement was fizzled out. We missed the opportunity to up rise and throw out the military rulers during the Depaying Incident. Now the time is ripe for 666 uprising. Now we are getting the UN, USA, ASEAN and International’s support and because of the deteriorating socio economic condition I hope the time is right to reap the democracy crops. Now the whole world knows that SPDC is not sincere for rapid Democratic changes, dragging their feet and trying to bluff the whole world. It is good that there is no more Khin Nyunt with a good prince’s mask tricking the whole world but now all of us could see the unmasked SPDC and Military rulers’ ugly faces.  

So it is the time to mobilize all our recourses for the 666 uprising. Dr Salai Tun Than’s call for the idea of c ivil disobedience should start with non violence boy court of the Military and its related associations friends and relatives. Try not to deal with Government Business. And later, those who dare should do something to the immediate family members of top army personals. Now all of them are exploiting our country and freely looming the whole country and around the world. We should intimidate and restrict their freedom by all means. We should seek Interpol Warrant of arrest for all of them once they step the international airspace. We must put fear into their mind that they could be high jacked by Interpol even when they are travelling to their friendly countries. Their business and properties abroad and their children studying abroad are also not safe and are subject to be interfered using the International Laws.  

Bo Aung Din

Burma Game Plan (Burmese translation)

Arm@EkdifiHa&; upm;uGufrsm;ukd okH;oyfjcif;

          bm;rm;’kdif*suf(p) aqmif;yg;&SifwcsKd@&J@ vlxktkH=uGr_ a&;om;csuf rsm; ta=umif;ukd zwf&jyD;aemuf  ygarmufc a’gufwm qvkdif;xGef;oef;&J@ vlxktm%mzDqefr_ v_H@aqmfr_ukdvnf; awhGvkduf&I Taqmif;yg;ukda&;vkduf&jcif;jzpfygonf ? ,aeh Arm@EkdifiHa&; ukdjrifuGif;ukd ocsFmynm&Sif wOD;.tjrifjzif@ okH;oyfwifjyvkdufygonf ?

              pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sif *|efeuf(&Sf) onfol. “ EkdifiHa&;upm;uGufoDtkd&D ” jzifh Ekdb,fqkudk &&SdcJ@ygonf ? EkdifiHa&;orm;tm;vkH;onf EkdifiHa&;upm;uGufrsdK;pkHjzif@ EkdifiHa&; vkyfae =uonf ? euf(&Sf) &J@ EkdifiHa&;upm;uGuf oDtkd&D jzif@ Arm@EkdifiHa&;&_cif;ukd a0zefqef;ppf =unf@=uygpkd@ ?   ‘Dae&mY  vlydef;rsm; em;vnfvG,faom  pum;vkH;rsm;ukdokH;jyD; wGufcsufa0zefI &v’frsm;ukd =unf@vkduf&atmif ?

              yxrqkH; – ‘DEkdifiHa&; upm;uGufav;ukd &Sif;jyyg&ap ? &JtcsKyfcef;xJu tcsKyf usaeolESpfOD;&J@   “ =uH&mr& tajctae ”   ukda0zefokH;oyfaomenf;jzif@ wifjyyg&ap? AkdvfwifOD; eJ@ Akdvfcifn$ef@wkdh[m &mZ0wfr_ukd yl;aygif;usL;vGef cJ@=uw,fqkd=uygpkd@? (etz  a[mif;ESpfOD;. trnfESif@ wrifwum wkdufqkdifatmif a&;xm;jcif;jzpfygonf) etza[mif; wifOD;ESif@ cifn$ef@wkdh ESpfOD;ukd &Ju oD;jcm;tcsKyfcef;rsm;Y cGJI csKyfxm;vkdufonf qkd}uygpkdh ? (rjzpfEkdifaomfvnf; Oyrm tjzpfom em;vnfvG,fap&eff wifpm;a&;xm;jcif;jzpfygonf)

              &Ju ESpfOD;pvkH;ukd oD;jcm;cGJI ppfar;onf ?

·       “cifAsm;wkd@ESpfa,mufpvkH; ajzmif@csufay;ygu wa,mufukd axmif (10)ESpfpDcsrnf ?

·        cifAsm;wkd@ ESpfa,mufpvkH; E_wfvHk bl;uG,fjyD; vkH;0ajzmif@csufray;=uv#if u|efawmfwkd@ bmr#rwwfEkdif / ESpfOD;pvkH;ukd rv$wfcsifyJ v$wfay;&awm@rnf ?

·       tJ – – ‘gayrJ@ cifAsm;wkd@ ESpfa,mufxJu / wa,mufuyJ ajzmif@csufay;jyD; wa,mufu bl;uG,fzkd@ =uKd;pm;r,fqkd&ifawmh / ajzmif@csufay;olukd axmif(5) ESpf yJcsjyD; bl;uG,folukd axmif ( 15 ) ESpf csr,f  ”   

         ESpfOD;pvkH; a&ikHE_wfydwfaejcif; onf taumif;qkH;enf;AsL[mjzpfa=umif; vlydef; awG; jzif@yif odEkdifygonf ? ‘gyJAs / vG,fvG,f uav;yg ?    ‘D  “yl;;aygif;aqmif&GufrSK”   [m EkdifiHa&; upm;uGuf oDtkd&D t& ESpfOD; ESpfzuf tusKd;jyK&v’f ukday;pGrf;EdkifwJh taumif; qkH;enf;AsL[m jzpfygw,f ?

               ‘gayrJ@ tuf(p) 0rf;eJ@ tuf(p) wl; wkdhuawm@odwJ@twkdif;yJav / tJ tJ a,mif

vkd@ bGmbGm cifn$ef@ eJ@ wifOD;wkd@[m tcsKyfcef;xJrSm – – –

·       wcef;pDoD;jcm;&Sdae=ujyD; wOD; eJ@wOD;qufoG,fcGif@r& =ubl; ?

·       tquftoG,f &cJ@&ifawmifrS olwkd@ESpfOD;[m wOD;ukd wOD;r,kH}ubl; ?

·       qkd;wmu ESpfOD;pvkH; [m ,kH=unf zG,faumif;wJh &kd;om; olrsm;r[kwf=ubl; ? cGif@omv#if b ebl;okdufwl; rJ@olrsm;jzpfwmukd tjyeftvSefodae=uw,f ?               

                AkdvfwifOD;upOf;pm;w,f – – –

·       “ Akdvfcifn$ef@ u,kH&wmr[kwfbl; / oluajzmif@csuf ay;vkdufEkdifw,f ? igajzmif@csufray;vkduf &ifigbJ ykdcH&rSm ? igvnf;ajzmif@csufay;vkdufrSaumif; r,f ?

·       olu0efrcH&ifvnf;yJ ig0efcHcsufay;vkduf&if olykdxdrSm / 

·       bmbJjzpfjzpf olajzmif@csufay;ay; ray;ay; igajzmif@ csufay;vkdufwm taumif;qkH;yJ”

             wkdufqkdifvkdufwmAsm Akdvfcifn$ef@ uvnf;ol@vkdyJ wom; xJ xyfwlawG;aew,f ? ajrG ajrG jcif;ajcjrifw,fqkdwmrsKd;ayghAsm ? ol@taeeJ@vnf; ajzmif@csufay;wm taumif;qkH;yJ vkd@wGufcsuf qkH;jzwfcsuf csvkdufw,f ?

                tJ’Dawm@ olwkd@ESpfOD;pvkH;[m wjcm;olawG bmyJawG;awG; olwhkdukd,fwkdiftwGuf taumif;qkH;jzpfrJ@ wukd,faumif;qefwJ@ enf;AsL[m wpfckwnf;ukdyJ wlnDpGmusif@okH;vkdufrd=ujyD ? ‘gukd  v$rf;rkd;vkdaomenf;AsL[m  [kac:qkdygonf ?

                tu,fI qef@usifbuf ESpfOD;pvkH;u ‘Dv$rf;rkd;vkdaom (okd@) tEdkif&vkdaomenf; AsL[mukd wlnDpGma&G;cs,frdygu –4if;ukd euf(&Sf)nDr#jcif;  [kac:qkdygonf ?

                  &v’fuawm@ tusOf;om; ESpfOD;pvkH;axmif(10) ESpfpDusoGm;jcif;yifjzpfonf ? nDdn$wfpGm yl;aygif;=uHpnfjyD; E_wfydwfaeygu vGwfEkdifjyD; -,QKawmh xifovkd axmif(5) ESpfpD rxdyJ — ESpfOD;pvkH; axmif(10)ESpfpD cHvkduf}u&jyD ? (T Oyrmonf  AkdvfwifOD; &[wf,mOf ysufusr_ / Akdvfcifn$ef@ axmifESpf&Snfusr_rsm;ESif@ rnfokd@ r# ryufoufyg )

               uJ  ,ck vGwfvyfa&;t=uKd Arm@EkdifiHa&;acwfukd okH;oyf=uOf=uygpkd@ ?

                1 ? EkdifiHupm;uGuf (1)

               ukdvdkeDacwfu Arm@EkdifiHa&; ZmwfckHwGif jrefrmrsm; / wkdif;&if;om;rsm; / jrefrmEdkifiHayguf tdENd,ESif@ w&kwf rsKd;EG,frsm;u v_yf&Sm;cJ@=uonf ? tkyfpkuGJjyD; cH,lcsufrwlaomfvnf; olwkd@wawG nDn$wfr_ukd &,lcJ@=uonf ? olwkd@tm;vkH; e,fcsJ@&efukd yl;aygif;awmfvSef wkdufyGJ0ifcJ@=uonf?

               ‘kwd, urBmppftjyD;Yvnf; AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef; OD;aqmifI yifvkHnDvmcHjzif@ nDn$wfr_ukd &,lEkdifcJ@ jyefonf ? Armwkd@ utm;omaomfvnf; tjcmtkyfpkrsm;ukd ypfrxm;yJ tm%mukd a0r#IokH;&ef tqkdjyKchJ=uonf ?

              ‘g@a}umifh vnf; EkdifiHa&;upm;uGuf oDtkd&D &Jh yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufjcif;enf;AsL[m t& – tm;vkH;ukd tusKd;jyKwJ@&v’fukd ay;cJ@jy;D ‘kd@wawGvGwfvyfa&;&cJ@w,f ? tJtJ  q,fESpf=um&if jynfe,fcGJxufcGif@&Sdw,fqkdwmav;yJ ajymp&m&Sdw,f ?

               ‘gayrJ@ 1947 ESpfrSm AkdvfrSL;=uD;ae0if;&J@ oG,f0dKSufaoG;xkd;ay;cJhr_a=umif@ *VKefOD;apm [m AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;eJ@ tzGJ@ukdvkyf=uHcJ@w,f ? ‘g[m v$rf;rkd;vkdaom enf;AsL[ma=umif@ jynfaxmif jrefrmEkdifiH t&_H;ay:cJ@wmukdjyaew,f ?

                1962 rSm jynfaxmifpkjyKduGJrSmukd wu,f rpkd;&drf&aomfvn;f tajzcHOya’ jyifqifawm@rSmukd ta=umif;jyjyD; ae0if;u ppftm%modrf;cJ@w,f ? ae0if; eJ@ol@aemufvkduf ppftm%m&SifawG[m wkdif;jynf tpdwfpdwftr$mr$m uGJxGufrSmukd umuG,fzkd@vkdh vdrfnm qifajcay;jyD; tm%mukd  rv$wfyJ qkyfukdifxm;=uw,f ? ppftpkd;& tqufquf[m tm%mukd a0r#okH;pGJzkd@ nif;y,f=ujyD; wOD;wnf; armifykdifpD;xm;=uw,f?

                 ‘Dtcsuf[m tusOf;om;wOD;u yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufr_r&SdyJ opPmazgufwJ@ OyrmeJ@wlaew,f ? ‘ga=umif@ tm;vkH;xd ckdufae=uwmayg@ ? ykdqkd;wmu EkdifiHa&; tajctae [m&_yfaxG;jyD; -tpGef;a&muftzGJ@awG ay:vmw,f ? vlrsKd;bmomcGJjcm;zdEdSyfr_awG jzpfvmw,f ? wEkdifiHvkH; jcpm;tusif@ysufjyD; pD;yGm;a&; ESihfvlr_a&; tajctaeawG ysufpD;,kd,Gif;aejyD; / a&mifpkHolykefrsm;vnf;xae=uw,f ?             

           2 ? EdkifiHa&;upm;uGuf (2)

                ‘Dwcgawm@ twkduftcH EkdifiHa&;jrifuGif;ukd =unf@&atmif

             ppftpkd;&uawm@ tm%mukd cGJa0okH;pGJr_rjyKbJ wOD;wnf;armif ykdifpD;xm;w,f ? trsKd;om;’Drkdua&pD tzGJ@csKyf / wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;pkrsm; ESif@ajray:ajratmuf olykefrsm; / jynfwGif;jynfy&Sd ‘Drkdua&pDv_yf&Sm;olrsm;ukd OayuQQmjyK xm;w,f ?

             jidrf;csrf;a&; ,lxm;aom vufeufukdifrsm;&,f ppftpkd;&ESif@ yl;aygif; aqmif&Guf aeaom EdkifiHa&;orm;rsm; taejzif@ ppftpkd;&ESif@ vrf;cGJaom enf;AsL[m ukdusif@okH;&ef vkdygonf ? okd@aomf xkdetz =oZmcHrsm; onfcGJxGufr_ukd tcsdefrSD rvkyfyJ etz ESif@ ylaygif;aeaoma=umif@ axmif 15 ESpfuscHae&aom tusOf;om;. tjzpfrsKd;ukd =uKHae&jyD ? olwkd@vnf;epfemjyD; olwkd@ukd,fpm;jyKygonf qkdaom vlrsKd;pkrsm;vnf; etz . ypfy,f acsmifxkd;r_ukd cHae&ygjyD ?

             3 ? EkdifiHa&; upm;uGuf (3)

            wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;pkrsm;&J@ EkdifiHa&;upm;uGif;ukd wcsufokH;oyf=unf@=uOD;pkd@?

             ucsif / u,m; / u&if / &Srf; / rGef / &ckdif tp&Sdonf@ tzG@Jrsm;ESif@ tjcm;vlrsKd;pk tzG@Ji,frsm;&J@ tajctaeukd =unf@ygu ppftpkd;&u tm%mcGJay;&ef nif;qkdcH&jyD;csdefwGif ppftpkd;&ESif@ tquftoG,f jzwfI tcsif;csif;eD;uyfpGmyl;aygif;aqmif&Guf=u&ef ta&;=uD;onf ?          

              tcsKyfom;ESpfOD;pvkH; ajzmif@csufay;ovkd tajctaeayg@? AkdvfwifOD;u ajzmif@csufay;rSawm@ Akdvfcifn$ef@ vnf;zGif@ajym&awm@rayg@ ? rajym&ifcH&rSmayg@ / ‘gayrJ@ wkdif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pkawGu tqkd;qkH; EkdifiHa&;AsL[mukd usifhokH;rd ae=ujyD ? tcsif;csif;rnDn$wfwJ@ tjyif wcsKd@u etz eJ@vufwGJae=uw,f?

              etz ppftpkd;&ukd z,fxm;jyD; wenf;=unf@=uOD;pkd@ ?

              wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;pkrsm; / olykefrsm; / ajray:ajratmuf ‘Drkdua&pDv_yf&Sm;olrsm; / trsKd;om;’Drkdua&pDtzGJcsKyfwkd@ ESifhf@ wEdkifiHvkH;&Sd jynfolrsm;ukd =unf@=u&r,f ? tcsKyfom;&J@ tajctae Oyrmt& olwkd@tm;vkH;twGuf taumif;qkH;enf;AsL[muawm@  – yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;yJ ?

             ‘gayrJ@ v$rf;rkd;vkdaom 0g’ u r_dif;wkdufaeojzif@ –

            vlay:vlaZmfvkyf&ef / bESbl;okdufwl;olrsm;u tcsif;csif; tn$ef@cl;&ef tjrwfxkwf&ef =uHae=uonf ? r[wWr *END &J@vlxktm%mzDqefr_ / tpkd;&ESif@ yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufr_ jzwfawmufr_wkd@ukd rvkyfbJ opPmazgufaeol wcsKd@uazgufae=uonf?

             etz owif;ay; vkyfoluvkyfonf ? etz &J@pm;=uGif;pm;usef t&kd;t&if; ukduf&Edk;Ekd;ESif@ zm;ae=uonf ? wOD; csif; zGJ@ csif; aeESif@wukd,faumif;qefaomvkyf&yfrsm;u wEkdifiHvkH;. ta&;ukdopPmazgufovkd jzpfaejyD ? olwkd@twGuf tusKd;aus;Zl; tenf; i,f&aomfvnf; wEdkifiHvkH;twGuf qkH;&_H;r_=uD;jzpfaeonf ?

          4 ?  EdkifiHa&;upm;uGufjrifuGif; (4)

                twkduftcH ESifh bmoma&;tzGJ@rsm;jrifuGif;ayg@ ?

              tm;vkH;taumif;qkH;jzpfzkd@uawm@ tm;vkH;nDn$wfrSjzpfrSmyg ? v$rf;rkd; vkdr_ enf;AsL[m a=umif@ trsKd;om;’Drkdua&pD tzGJ@=uD; taeESif@ c&pf,mef ESif@rGwfqvifrsm;ukd vspfvsL&_xm;aom tajctaejzpfaeonf ?

              bmoma&; yËdyuQrsm;Y rnfonf@bufukdrsS jzefajzay;&ef / ndSEkdif;ay;&ef xdrf;xdrf;odrf;odrf;vkyf&ef r}uKd;pm;cJ@ ? Ekdif;iHa&;ESif@ bmoma&;a&maxG;&efrvkd[k qifajcay;onf ? trsKd;om;’Drkdua&pDtzGJ@u ‘Drkdu&pD&jyD;v#if vlrsKd;pkH bmompkH tm;vkH;.ta&;ukdaqmif&GufygrnfwJ@ ? ,ckzGif@ajymvkdufv#if Ak'<bmomvlxkESif@ bkef;awmf=uD;rsm;. axmufcHr_avsm@enf; oGm;rnfukd pkd;&drf[efwlonf ?

              ppfrSefaom ‘Drkdua&pDY vlrsm;pkonf vlenf;pkukd v$rf;rkd;tEkdifrusif@ovkd rjzpfap&ef vlrsm;pkonf vlenf;pk &ykdifcGif@rsm;ukd oabmxm;}uD; nSmwm umuG,fay;&ef wm0ef&Sdonf ?

            etz url&aomtcGif@ta&;ukdvufrv$wfbJ trsKd;om;’Drkdua&pDtzGJ@twGif; okd@ ukvm;rsm; xkd;azguf0ifa&mufaejyD[k 0g’jzef@csDr_pwifjyKvkyfae=ujyD ?

            ‘DEkdifiHa&;upm;uGuf trSwf(5) uawm@ ukdvkdeDacwfuxJu tm%m&Siftquf qufatmifjrifpGm usif@okH;cJ@wJ@ cGJjcm;&efwkdufay;jyD; tkyfcsKyfwJ@ vrf;pOfyg ? jrefrmEkdifiH om;tm;vkH; ‘DtuGufukd owdjyKrdoif@onf ?

            jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;twGuf taumif;qkH;EkdifiHa&;upm;uGuf ukd az:jyyg&ap ?

            vlxkw&yfvkH;ukd tajccHaom trsKd;om;’Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf/ twkduftcH EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;tm;vkH; / wkdif;&if;om; vlrsKd;pktm;vkH;ESif@ bmoma&;tzGJ@rsm; tm;vkH; pnf;vkH;nDn$wfpGmjzihf pkaygif;I vuf&Sd etz ESif@nSdE_dif;jyD; tdrfapmif@tpkd;&w&yfzGJ@I jrefrmEkdifiHukd 5 ESpfrS 10 ESpf=umonftxd tkyfcsKyf&efyifjzpfonf ? wkdif;jynf bufpkH wkd;wufatmif&GufI / trsm;oabmwlEkdifrnf@ zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccH Oya’ wpfckukda&;qGJ&rnf ?

            &Spfav;vkH; v_kyf&Sm;r_rS tusKd;tjrwftcsKd@&cJ@aomfvnf; ukd;av;vkH; / ajcmuf

okH;vkH; ESif@ ygarmuQ qvkdif;oef;xGef; v_H@aqmfchJaom vlxkv_yf&Sm;r_rsm;rSm 0rf;enf;zG,f atmifjrifrSK ESifh a0;aecJ@ygonf ?

             ,cktcg oabmaumif;[efaqmif rsufESmcsKdjyD; oumavmif;aom pum;rsm;jzif@ urBmukd vSnf@zsm; aecJ@aom AkdvfcsKyfcifn$ef@ vnf;r&Sdawm@jyD jzpfI etz . [efaqmif rsufemzkH; uGmusovkdjzpfaejyD ? olwkd@.yifukd,f rsufESmukd wurBmvkH;u awhGjrifcJ@&jyD ?

             tmpD,H / tar&duef / Oa&mybkHaps;ESif@ ukvor*~ wkd@uvnf; ‘kdhtwkduftcHbuf rSm&SdaejyD ? ‘Dtcsdef[m u|Ekfyfwkd@ twkduftcHrsm; nDnDn$wfn$wfjzif@ usm;uGufa&G@cGif@&aom tvSnf@yg ?

·       tqdyfr&dSaomajrGqkdvsif uav;uyifrav;pm;wwfyg /

·       e*g;rSef;odatmif tarmuf axmifjy&ef tcsdefa&mufjyD ?

·       vlxktkH=uGr_rpEkdifao;cif t=urf;rzufaom tm%mzDqef r_rsm;ukdpwifoif@jyD ?

·       etz ppftpkd;&eSif@aqGrsKd;rdwfaqGrsm;ukd 0kdif;z,fa&Smif=uOf=upkd@ ?

·       ppftpkd;ESif@wwfEkdifor# ryufoufbJae=upkd@?

·       vkyf&Jol&Sdvsif etz xdyfykdif;ESif@aqGrsKd;rsm;ukd qef@usifr_jyKI tusKd;xdcdkufatmif vkyf&rnf ?

·       ,ck tcsdefY olwkd@wawG jrefrmEkdifiH twGif;Y vGwfvyfpGmoGm;vmv_yf&Sm;ae =uonf?

·       olwkd@wawGukdd ajzmufvSef@&efESif@ olwkd@v_yf&Sm;r_ukd xdrf;csKyfEkdif&efusKd;pm;&rnf ?

·       &Srf;acgif;aqmifrsm;ESif@ bm;rm;’kdif*suf(p) wkd@jyifqifaeaom EkdifiHwumw&m;&kH; Y etz ppfacgif;aqmifrsm;ukd w&m;pGJaom udpPukd 0kdif;0ef;ulnDvkyfaqmif=u&ef vkdjyD ?

·       tu,fI w&m;pGJEkdifjyD; EkdifiHwum &JtzGJ@rSzrf;0&rf;xkwffEkdifv#if olwkd@awGukd csKyfrdjyD ?

·       olwkd@rdwfaqG tdrfeD;em;jcif;EkdifiHrsm;okd@ oGm;&ef EkdifiHwumava=umif; xJ0if&efyifolwkd@@ ESpfcgjyefpOf;pm;&awm@rnf ?

·       olwkd@ESif@olwkd@rdom;pk aqGrsKd;rdwfaqGwk@d twGufpdwfrcsEdkif aomtajctaeukd a&mufap&rnf?

·       olwkd@ om;orD; rsm;EkdifiHjcm;Y pmoif&efta=umif;jyI ajcukyf,lr_rsm;ukdvnf; EkdifiHwum Oya’t& wm;jrpff=u&rnf ?

tao;pdwfukd etz rkef;wD;=uygpkd@ aqmif;yg;Y qufvufzwf&_yg&ef ?

(Akdvfatmif’ifa&;I xGef;atmifbmomjyefonf)