5. Individual’s Right to Freedom

5. Individual’s Right to Freedom

 

Islam has clearly and categorically forbidden the capturing a free man, to make him a slave.Our Prophet (S) said:

  1. “There are three categories of people against whom I shall myself be a plaintiff on the Day of Judgement.

  2. Of these three, one is he who enslaves a free man, then sells him and eats this money”

(al-Bukhari and Ibn Majjah).

The words of this Tradition of the Prophet are also general,

  • they have not been qualified or

  • made applicable to a particular nation, race, country or followers of a particular religion.

The Position of Slavery in Islam:

Islam tried to solve the problem of the slaves that were in Arabia by encouraging the people in different ways to set their slaves free. Freeing a slave by one’s own free will was declared to be an act of great merit, so much so that it was said that every limb of the man who manumits a slave will be protected from hell-fire in lieu of the limb of the slave freed by him. The result of this policy was that by the time the period of the Caliphs was reached, all the old slaves of Arabia were liberated.

Thus the problem of the slaves of Arabia was solved in a short period of thirty or forty years.

After this the only form of slavery which was left in Islamic society was the prisoners of war.

  1. These prisoners of war were exchanged for Muslim soldiers captured by them.

  2. If not or if the enemy did not pay the ransom money to purchase back those prisoners, then

  3. the Muslim Government used to distribute them to the soldiers of the army which had captured them.

  4. But most of them embraced Islam later

  5. and their descendants produced_

  • great scholars,

  • imams,

  • jurists,

  • commentators,

  • statesmen and

  • generals of the army.

  • Some of them later even became the rulers of the Muslim world.

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