BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS, CHAPTER TWO

BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS CHAPTER TWO

Islam lays down rights for man as a human being.

Every human

  1. whether he or she belongs to this country or not,

  2. whether he is a believer or not,

  3. whether he lives in the forest or in the desert,

he has some basic human rights simply because he is a human being, which should be recognized by every Muslim.

1. The Right to LifeThe first and the foremost basic right is the right to live and respect human life.

The Holy Quran lays down:

  1. Whosoever kills a human being without (any reason like) man slaughter, or corruption on earth, it is as though he had killed all mankind … (5:32)

  2. As far as the question of punishment for crimes, it must be decided only by a proper and competent court of law.

  3. If anyone has murdered a human being, it is as if he has slain the entire human race.

These instructions have been repeated in the Holy Quran in another place saying:

  1. Do not kill a soul which Allah has made sacred except through the due process of law … (6:151)

  2. The Prophet, may God’s blessings be on him, has declared homicide as the greatest sin only next to polytheism.

The Tradition of the Prophet reads:

  1. “The greatest sins are to associate something with God and to kill human beings.”

  2.  In all these verses of the Quran and the Traditions of the Prophet the word ‘soul’ (nafs) has been used in general terms and applies to all human beings.

  3. Killing is prohibited to any human being regardless of origin or creed.

  4. No discrimination between-Nations, countries, citizens, races and religions.

2. The Right to the Safety of Life

Immediately after the verse of the Holy Quran which has been mentioned in connection with the right to life, God has said:

  1. “And whoever saves a life it is as though he had saved the lives of all mankind” (5:32).

  2. There can be several forms of saving man from death. 

  3. A man may be ill or wounded, irrespective of his nationality, race or colour.

  4. If you know that he is in need of your help, then it is your duty that you should arrange for his treatment for disease or wound.

  5. If he is dying of starvation, then it is your duty to feed him so that he can ward off death.

  6. If he is drowning or his life is at stake, then it is your duty to save him.

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