Ch 3:2 Honour, 3:3 Private Life Sanctity & Security

Ch 3:2 Honour,

3:3 Private Life Sanctity & Security  

Ch 3:2. The Protection of Honour 

The second important right is the right of the citizens to the protection of their honour.

In the address delivered on the occasion of the Farewell Hajj,

the Prophet did not only prohibit the life _

  1. and property of the Muslims to one another,
  2. but also any encroachment upon their honour,
  3. respect and
  4. chastity were forbidden to one another.

The Holy Quran clearly lays down:

  1. “You who believe, do not let one (set of) people make fun of another set. 
  2. Do not defame one another. 
  3. Do not insult by using nicknames. 
  4. And do not backbite or speak ill of one another”

(49:11-12).

According to the Islamic Law the mere proof of the fact that the accused said things which according to common sense could have damaged the reputation and honour of the plaintiff, is enough for the accused to be declared guilty of defamation.  Ch 3:3. The Sanctity and Security of Private Life  Islam recognizes the right of every citizen of its state that there should be no undue interference or encroachment on the privacy of his life.

The Holy Quran has laid down the injunction:

  1. “Do not spy on one another” (49:12).
  2. “Do not enter any houses except your own homes unless you are sure of their occupants’ consent” (24:27).

The Prophet has gone to the extent of instructing his followers that a man should not enter even his own house suddenly or surreptitiously.

  1. He should somehow or other inform or indicate to the dwellers of the house that he is entering the house,
  2. so that he may not see his mother,
  3. sister or
  4. daughter
  5. in a condition in which they would not like to be seen.

Peering into the houses of other people has also been strictly prohibited.

The Prophet has even prohibited people from reading the letters of others,

  1. so much so that if a man is reading his letter

  2. and if another man casts sidelong glances at it

  3. and tries to read it, his conduct becomes reprehensible.

This is the sanctity of privacy that Islam grants to individuals. The espionage on the life of the individual cannot be justified by the government. The injunction of the Prophet is: “When the ruler begins to search for the causes of dissatisfaction amongst his people, he spoils them” (Abu Dawud). The Amir Mu’awiyah has said that he himself heard the Prophet saying:

“If you try to find out the secrets of the people, then you will definitely spoil them or at least you will bring them to the verge of ruin.”

The meaning of the phrase ‘spoil them’ is that_

  1. when spies are spread all around the country,

  2. then the people begin to look at one another with suspicion,

  3. afraid of talking freely even in their houses.

  4. In this manner it becomes difficult for a common citizen to speak freely, even in his own house and society begins to suffer from a state of general distrust and suspicion.

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