Ch 3:8 Conscience, Conviction, 9 Religious Sentiments, 10 Imprisonment

Ch 3:8 Conscience, Conviction,

9 Religious Sentiments, 10 Imprisonment  

Ch 3:8. Freedom of Conscience, Conviction  

Islam also gives the right to freedom of conscience and conviction to its citizens in an Islamic State.

The Holy Quran has laid down the injunction:

“There should be no coercion in the matter of faith” (2:256).

  1. No force will be applied in order to compel them to accept Islam.
  2. Whoever accepts it he does so by his own choice.
  3. Muslims will welcome such a convert to Islam with open arms and admit him to their community with equal rights and privileges.
  4. But if somebody does not accept Islam,
  • Muslims will have to recognise and respect his decision,
  • and no moral,
  •  social or
  • political pressure

will be put on him to change his mind.  

Ch 3:9. Protection of Religious Sentiments 

Along with the freedom of conviction and freedom of conscience, Islam has given the right to the individual that his religious sentiments will be given due respect and nothing will be said or done which may encroach upon this right.

It has been ordained by God in the Holy Quran:

“Do not abuse those they appeal to instead of God” (6:108).

  1. These instructions are not only limited to idols and deities,
  2. but they also apply to the leaders
  3. or national heroes of the people.
  4. If a group of people holds a conviction which according to you is wrong,
  • and holds certain persons in high esteem which according to you is not deserved by them,
  • then it will not be justified in Islam that you use abusive language for them
  • and thus injure their feelings.

Islam does not prohibit people from holding debate and discussion on religious matters, but it wants that these discussions should be conducted in decency.

“Do not argue with the people of the Book unless it is in the politest manner” (29:46)-says the Quran.

This order is not merely limited to the people of the Scriptures, but applies with equal force to those following other faiths.

 Ch 3:10. Protection from Arbitrary Imprisonment

Islam also recognises the right of the individual that he will not be arrested or imprisoned for the offences of others.

The Holy Quran has laid down this principle clearly:

“No bearer of burdens shall be made to bear the burden of another” (6:164).

Islam believes in personal responsibility.

We ourselves are responsible for our acts, and the consequence of our actions cannot be transferred to someone else.

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