Chapter 3: Rights of citizens in an Islamic State

Chapter 3:

Rights of citizens in an Islamic State

Ch 3:1. The Security of Life and Property 

In the address which the Prophet delivered on the occasion of the Farewell Hajj, he said:

“Your lives and properties are forbidden to one another till you meet your Lord on the Day of Resurrection.”

God Almighty has laid down in the Holy Quran:

“Anyone who kills a believer deliberately will receive as his reward (a sentence) to live in Hell for ever. God will be angry with him and curse him, and prepare dreadful torment for him” (4:93).

The Prophet has also said about the dhimmis (the non-Muslim citizens of the Muslim State):

“One who kills a man under covenant (i.e. a dhimmi) will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise”          (al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud).

Islam prohibits homicide _

  1. but allows only one exception, that the killing is done in the due process of law.

  2. Therefore a man can be killed only by the order of the court of law.

Along with security of life, Islam has with equal clarity and definiteness conferred the right of security of ownership of property, as mentioned earlier with reference to the address of the Farewell Hajj.

On the other hand, the Holy Quran goes so far as to declare that the taking of people’s possessions or property is completely prohibited :

“Do not devour one another’s wealth by false and illegal means” (2:188).

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