Rights and moral conducts of the Muslims

Dear original authors,

brothers-in-Islam,                                       

I had copied and taken down notes from various internet sites, books, articles from newspapers about Islam for about 20 years.  My greatest weakness is that I failed to record the references properly. 

So there may be numerous mistakes, omissions or failure to mention at all, in acknowledging or citing the original source and authors in this series of Islamic articles.  

Kindly forgive me that as I am not an expert in Islamic studies, all my articles are not my original research, translations nor presentations.

I am just trying to compile, edit into gist and is trying to present AGAIN some of my brothers-in-Islam’s good works. 

Dr Zafar Shah@ San Oo Aung 

Honesty in Monetary Dealings

Uprightness and honesty in monetary dealings forms a vital part of the fundamental teachings of Islam.

The Qur’an as well as the Traditions of the Prophet (pbuh) are emphatic that;

” a true Muslim is one who is honest and upright in business and other monetary transactions; keeps his word and fulfils his promises, shuns fraud and avoids deceit, encroaches not upon the rights of others and abstains from wrongful litigation, does not give false evidence and abstains from making dishonest money as from usury or graft.

In short, all manner of deceit and dishonesty in business is prohibited in Islam.  

 Social Conduct and Mutual Relations

 RIGHTS OF CITIZENS IN AN ISLAMIC STATE

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Social conduct, good manners and respect for the rights of each other, form an important part of Islamic teachings.

One can become a good and true Muslim when one observes the social code of Islam. The rules and regulations governing the modes and manners of behaviour between man and man and society, as laid down by Islam is very important for a Muslim.

1.Rights of neighbours:

The Qur’an calls upon us to be_

  1.  good and courteous to our neighbours.

  2. It has commanded us to maintain the best of conduct towards

  3. our parents,

  4. brothers

  5. and sisters

  6. and towards other near relatives.

A Tradition of the Prophet (pbuh) reads:

“He shall not go to Heaven for whose mischief his neighbours do not feel secure.”

Islam conferred special rights for_

  1. the weaker

  2. and the poorer sections of society

  3. and needy persons.

  4. It is the duty of all well-to-do people to look after those people, including non-Muslims.

Justice is an integral part of Islamic ethics.

2. Rights of parents:

       In Islam, the rights of parents have been described as next only to the rights of God, as clearly stated in the Qur’an.

3.  Rights of children:

      Islam has laid an equal stress on the rights of children on parents also.

Apart from the responsibility of parents_

  1. to feed

  2. and clothe their children,

  3. their moral

  4. and religious education

  5. and upbringing

are also very important in Islam.

4. Rights of husband and wife.     

The Prophet used to attach profound importance to the harmony of married life among Muslims.

He urged Muslim husbands and wives

  1. to keep each other happy
  2. and to attend to each other’s needs
  3. and interest with loving care.

5. Rights of relatives:

      In the Qur’an, we are told_

  1. to be kind to our kinsmen

  2. and whoever disregards

  3. and pays no heed to the bonds of kinship

has been condemned as a transgressor and sinner of the worst order.

The holy Prophet (pbuh) has said:

  1. “If a near relative treats you indifferently and ignores the bond of relationship,

  2. do not turn your back on him

  3. but keep on discharging, on your part, the obligations of relationship towards him.”

6.  Rights of the old on the young and of the young on the old:

      It is a general principle of Islamic social behaviour_

  1. that everyone should respect his elders.

  2. Those who are older are required to treat those who are younger to them

  • with kindness
  • and affection,
  • even if there be no relationship between them.

7.   Rights of Muslims on each other:

      Further, there is_

  1. a special claim of Muslims on each other,

  2. the common bond of Islam.

Says the Prophet (pbuh):

  1. “Every Muslim is a Muslim’s brother.

  2.  He should neither harm him himself

  3. nor leave him alone

  4. (help him and to protect him).

Whoever among you will fulfil the need of his brother, God will take it upon Himself to fulfil his needs, and a Muslim who will remove the distress of a Muslim brother will, in return, find a distress of his removed by God on the Day of Requital, and anyone who will hide the shame of a Muslim, his sins will be hidden by God on the Last Day.”

“Do not bear a grudge or enmity against each other, do not be jealous of each other, and do not indulge in backbiting.” “Live like brothers and the servants of One God. It is not allowed for a Muslim to cease to be on talking terms with another Muslim for more than three days.” “The life, honour and property of a Muslim are sacred for another.”  

 8. Good Manners and Noble Qualities

Good manners and noble qualities of mind and character enjoy a place of crucial importance in the structure of Islamic teachings. Moral evolution and uplift was one of the main objects for which the sacred Prophet (pbuh) was raised up. The Prophet himself has said:

“I have been sent down by God to teach moral virtues and to evolve them to highest perfection.”  (1) “The best of your are those who possess the best of manners.” (2) “No sin is more detestable to God than bad manners.”

Some More Important Virtues to cultivate all good and noble moral and social qualities and to avoid everything that is mean or wicked.

1) Truthfulness

Truthfulness is a matter of such supreme consequence in Islam that, in addition to speaking the truth always, a Muslim is exhorted also to keep company only with those that are truthful.

Says the Prophet (pbuh):

“He who wishes to love God and His Apostle, or wishes God and His Apostle to love him, must take care to speak nothing but the truth whenever he speaks.”

2) Fulfilling Promises

It is also a part of truthfulness that when a promise is made, it should be fulfilled. The Qur’an and the Traditions are very clear on this point. Our faith demands of us never to go back on our pledged word.

3) Trustworthiness

Closely allied to truthfulness is the quality of trustworthiness.

Here is a Tradition of the holy Prophet (pbuh) on this point:

“Look not alone at anyone’s prayers and fasts to decide about his spiritual excellence .

You should also see that he is truthful when he speaks, restores honestly what he has received in trust to whom it is due, and remains righteous in times of adversity and suffering.”

4) Justice

Justice is an integral part of Islamic ethics. In Islam, we are commanded to be just and fair not only towards our own people or co-religionists, but also towards others even if they be the enemies of our life, property or faith.

5) Compassion and Forgiveness

To feel pity on a fellow human being in distress, to be compassionately drawn towards him, to bring him succour, and to pardon the guilty and the defaulter are virtues that are valued very highly in Islam. Take this Tradition, for instance:

“God will have mercy upon them that are merciful. Treat kindly the dwellers of the earth, He who dwells in the heavens will treat you kindly.” We ought to be kind and compassionate towards friend and foe alike and to all the creatures that exist on the earth.

It is reported from the Prophet (pbuh) that once a person who was travelling by road saw a dog licking wet earth in the agony of thirst. The traveller was moved by the spectacle and gave water to the dog to drink. This simple service of the man to the thirsting dog pleased God so much that He blessed him with salvation.

6) Tenderness

Tenderness in monetary dealings, and in all other fields of one’s activity, and the readiness to oblige and put others at ease are all virtues of the highest order in the Islamic pattern of morality.

7) Self Restraint

Tolerance, affability, self-restraint, and the ability to control one’s temper and overlook what is unpleasant and disagreeable, are qualities that Islam wants everyone to cultivate.

8 ) Gentleness of Speech

Gentleness of speech is a religious virtue in Islam and rudeness a sin. The Qur’an declares : “Speak fair to the people.”

We have it from the Prophet:

“To speak politely is piety and a kind of charity.” “To indulge in intemperate language and in harsh behaviour is to perpetuate an injustice and the house of injustice is Hell.”

In Islam, we are commanded to be just and fair not only towards our own people or co-religionists, but also towards our enemies.

Tolerance, affability, self-restraint, and the ability to control one’s temper and overlook what is unpleasant and disagreeable, are qualities of good Muslims.

Humility is a virtue, a distinguishing feature of the moral and spiritual proof of courage and firmness.

 

 Courage and Fortitude

The Muslim must be meek and humble but firm like a rock and allows neither fear nor weakness to come near him where faith or truth or justice is at stake.

There occur periods of hardship and adversity, sometimes there is want, disease, enemies harass us, and so forth. In spite of those thousand trials and calamities we should bear them with courage and fortitude, remain firm and should not waver from our principles.

There is the assurance of the Qur’an for them:

“For God loves those who are patient and persevering” (11:153). The holy Prophet (pbuh) has said:

“Patience is one half of Faith.”

Contrarily, impatience and cowardice are the most lamentable of evils against which the Prophet (pbuh) used to beg God for refuge in his prayers. “God is not regardful of your fine visages or your wealth. He is regardful only of your hearts and intentions.” The idea of the above tradition is that God will judge and requite solely on the basis of our motives and intentions.”

11) Sincerity

Sincerity is the life and soul of the entire moral edifice of Islam.

All our deeds and actions should solely be for the sake of God. Apart form it, there must be no other desire, motive or intention behind whatever we do.

States the Prophet (pbuh):

“He who loves or hates, offers favours or withholds them, and whatever he does, does so for the sake of God, he perfects his faith.” The Gist of Islam: The Heart of the Matter

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