My day dream of speaking with former Deputy Prime Minister Part III

My day dream of speaking with

former Deputy Prime Minister

Part III

 

 

BURMA DIGEST: Dear Datuk Sri, thank Your Honour for allowing to interview you in my dreams. But today I am awake and thinking about the coming Human Rights Day. Please may Your Honour kindly allow me to day dream to day, as if we are discussing about the above topics.

His Excellency Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim… That’s all right as long as I am portrayed as the person well known for. As International Human Rights day is celebrated annually across the world on 10th December, it is quiet appropriate and I have no objection for your proposal.

BURMA DIGEST: Dear Datuk Sri, we will be much obliged if you could kindly explain us about this day and the present Human Rights violations of the Myanmar Military Government.

Answer… As you know, this date of 10th December was chosen to honour the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On 10 December 2007, Human Rights Day, the Secretary-General and High Commissioner for Human Rights will launch a year-long celebration of the 60th anniversary of this day.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour had rightly stated that_

Today, poverty prevails as the gravest human rights challenge in the world.

  • Combating poverty,

  • deprivation

  • and exclusion

_is not a matter of charity,

_and it does not depend on how rich a country is.

By tackling poverty as a matter of human rights obligation, the world will have a better chance of abolishing this scourge in our lifetime…

Poverty eradication is an achievable goal.

Question… Could you kindly elaborate the Respect of Human rights and Individual Freedom?

Answer… First of all let us look at the Human Rights issue.

  1. All human beings are born with inalienable rights.

  2. These human rights empower people to pursue lives of dignity.

  3. No government can bestow them but all governments should protect them.

Second important fact is Individual Freedom.

Freedom, built on a foundation of_

  1. justice,

  2. tolerance,

  3. dignity, and

  4. respect –

_regardless of :

        • ethnicity,

        • religion,

        • political association, or

        • social standing –

SPDC Generals must understand that dictatorships like their Military Junta have always deny and ignore the human rights and individual freedom.

However, if they wish to claim that they are walking down the road to democracy, they need to review their wrong record and start practicing the respect of the human rights and allow more individual freedom for all the Myanmar Citizens.

  1. Freedom of ideas.

  2. Free societies create a “marketplace of ideas” where people exchange their views on any number of issues.

  3. All the citizens should have the right to vote or stand as candidate in forming government.

  4. There must be laws to protect human rights and individual freedom and the justice systems must enforce them equally among the population.

  5. All the citizens must enjoy the Freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention, and torture.

  6. For each and every citizen, opposition party members or leaders, an ethnic minority, or even if one is a common criminal, there must be a basic human right.

  7. There must be a professional police force that respects the rights of all the citizens of Myanmar, enforcing the Rule of law.

  8. Myanmar/Burma’s ethnic minorities should be free to use their language, maintain their traditions and cultures.

  9. Governments should recognize the rights of minorities while respecting the will of the majority.

  10. All the Myanmar/Burmese citizens should have the equal opportunity to work, earn a living, support their families, government job appointments and promotions.

  11. All the Myanmar/Burmese citizens should have the equal opportunity in education, training, further studies and in getting scholarships or stipend awards.

  12. All the children must get special protection. They should receive at least an elementary education, proper nutrition, and healthcare.

  13. All the women’s rights should be protected, stop gender discrimination in all the laws, rules and regulations. Women’s health especially during maternity must be taken care of.

  14. All the future governments must be transparent, corruption free and must remains accountable to the people.

Question…Burma’s ethnic minorities are always fearful of total dominance of Burman Tatmadaw . Your view please.

Answer… In a democratic country:

A. Citizens are not governed by the majority of the people but by the rule of law.

B. Constitutional Republics are_ a deliberate attempt to diminish the threat of mobocracy i.e. Political control by a mob. The mass of common people as the source of political control.

C. Protecting minority groups from the tyranny of the majority by placing checks on the power of the majority of the population.

D. The power of the majority of the people is checked by

a. limiting that power to electing representatives

b.who govern within limits of overarching constitutional law

E. rather than the popular vote having legislative power itself.

F. Morever, the power of elected representatives is also checked by prohibitions against any single individual having:

a. legislative,

b. judicial, and

c. executive powers

G. so that basic constitutional law is extremely difficult to change.

H. John Adams defined a constitutional republic as_

“a government of laws, and not of men.”

I. The United States Constitution writers were notably aware of the danger of majority rule in oppressing freedom and liberty of the individual.

J. The framers carefully created the institutions within the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

K. They kept what they believed were the best elements of majority rule. But with protections for individual liberty, seperation of powers and a layered federal structure.

Be careful “democracy must not be a dictatorship of the majority”.

Question…Could you kindly explain us about the importance of the Respect of Human rights and Individual Freedom.

Answer… In all True Democracies, the Respect of Human rights and Individual Freedom is an essential and most important ingredient.

On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations, after adopting and proclaiming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration.

It was clearly stated, “to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions…”

But the SPDC Government had arrested and jailed the Myanmar citizens who dare to take these copies of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights from the UN office to distribute to the public. What a shame! Actually UNSC should punish SPDC for this crime.

SPDC Junta must allow all the Burmese/Myanmar citizens to pursue these fundamental rights. Actually SPDC must understand and accept that they must acknowledge and respect every human being’s rights and freedom whether they are:

  1. citizens

  2. tourists

  3. diplomats

  4. foreign journalists

  5. foreigners staying as permanent residents in Myanmar with FRC certificates

  6. legal and illegal migrants in Myanmar

  7. mixed blooded recent migrant citizens

  8. non-Military ordinary citizens

  9. armed rebels

  10. opposition members and leaders

  11. political prisoners

  12. other prisoners etc.

Human Rights and individual freedom covers all the aspects of humans_

  1. Social

  2. Political

  3. Economic

  4. Culture

  5. Religion

  6. Health

  7. Welfare

  8. freedom of expression, speech and assembly or even demonstration

  9. freedom of press

  10. Workers and farmers’ rights must be protected.
  11. Homeless people, retrenched people, the poor, handicapped must be taken care of.

Question…Thank you for explaining us the importance of Human Rights and Individual Freedoms. However, they seem to be just the ideals in concepts only but many governments around the world are blatantly ignoring these fundamentals of democracy.

Answer… Yes it is sadly true.

Allow me to quote Mary Robinson, Human Right Rapporter.

“… today’s human rights violations are the causes of tomorrow’s conflicts.”

UN ex-SG Kofi Annan had also said_”It was never the people who complained of the universality of human rights, nor did the people consider human rights as a Western or Northern imposition. It was often their leaders who did so.”

1. “There are no ‘white’ or ‘coloured’ signs on the foxholes or graveyards of battle.” Message to Congress 19th June 1963.

2. “We are confronted primarily with a moral issue… whether all Americans are to be afforded equal rights and equal opportunities, whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated.” Referring to race riots in Alabama in a radio broadcast 11th June 1963.

Martin Luther King Jr:

1. “Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major, say that I was a drum major for justice; say that I was a drum major for righteousness. And all of the other shallow things will not matter.” Comment 4th February 1968.

2. “I want to be the white man’s brother, not his brother-in-law.” New York Journal 10th September 1962.

3. “The best way to solve any problem is to remove its cause.” Stride Towards Freedom 1964.

4. “We are out to defeat injustice and not white persons who may be unjust.”

Stride Toward Freedom 1964 Harry S. Truman: “Every segment of our population, and every individual, has a right to expect from his government a fair deal.” Speech to Congress 6th September 1945.

Question…Out going UNSG Mr. Annan’s in his farewell speech was disappointed with the deteriorating condition of Respect of Human Rights around the world.

Answer… Yes, Mr. Annan called for greater efforts to protect human rights worldwide in a speech marking the International Human Rights Day.

Annan acknowledged that the UN has often failed to live up to its own responsibility in the area, and expressed disappointment that his hope of establishing_

  • human rights as a “third pillar” of the institution,
  • complementing peace
  • and security,

has not materialized as he would have liked.

  1. Sixty years after the liberation of the Nazi death camps,

  2. and 30 years after the Cambodian killing fields,

the promise of ‘never again’ is ringing hollow in Burma or Myanmar.”

Annan also challenged the international community to follow anti-terrorism strategies that did not violate human rights and to help countries install mechanisms that protect human rights domestically.

Question…Tan Sri Razali Ismail and Mr Gambari were the only two persons allowed to see Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. They admired her. Do you have any thing to comment about her?

Answer… I liked her idea of loving kindness even on her jailers, SPDC Generals.

  1. She is brave and I liked her idea of “Freedom from fear.”

  2. Last of all, she had asked the world to help her by the call of, “Please Use Your Liberty to Promote Ours”

  3. While preparing for this interview, I searched and read about Burma. Your NLD and especially Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is like the Burmese traditional toy, Pyit Taing Htaung or Tumbling Kelly or billycan.

    • SPDC could throw her anywhere into the jail or put under the house arrest, she would never surrender.

    • SPDC wanted the NLD and Daw Suu to be their puppets rubber stamping their Convention. But she refused to be pulled up like the Puppets. Of course the strings are pulled by SPDC Generals.

Question… Datuk Seri, if United Nations Security Council appointed you with special powers to negotiate for the National Reconciliation and Democratization, are you willing to help us?

Answer…Yes, but the following conditions must be fulfilled. It must be a United Nations Security Council’s powerful and strong mandate.Both Myanmar Military Government and all the opposition parties must agree to my appointment.UNSC must give me a very strong mandate, backup with the rewards and punishment to be able to push for a negotiated agreement. So that I could push all the parties concerned to get a rapid pace and progress in negotiating for an agreement and be able to force all sides to accept my reasonable negotiations and decisions. In addition, there must be dangling carrot and stick from the UNSC so that all the parties would comply with the negotiated agreement we achieved.

BURMA DIGEST: Thank you very much Datuk Sri for giving an interview. May Allah bless you with good health and progressive political future.

His Excellency Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim…Thank you.

Dreamer of the day

Dreamer of the day  

 

All men dream, but not equally.

Those who dream by night,

in the dusty recess of their minds,

wake in the day to find that it was vanity. 

But the dreamers of the day are dangerous men,

for they may act their dreams with the open eyes,

to make it possible. 

TE Lawrence 

I am a daydreamer because dreams give me hope and I always think, plan, prepare and try my best to achieve my dreams. I used to dream about the future of the Secular Federal Democratic Union of Burma after the second Independence.  We all gained a lot of bitter experiences through the successive failures of U Nu, Ne Win, Saw Maung and Than Shwe led governments.  U Nu’s democracy failed because of_

  1. Lack of unity.

  2. Lack of Sacularism.

  3. Lack of practice of true Federalism.

  4. Corruption.

  5. Lack of transparency.

 Ne Win’s Socialism failed because_

  1. Dictatorship.

  2. Lack of Democracy.

  3. Nationalization of economy.

  4. State controlled centrally planned rigid economic policy.

  5. Closed door policy.

  6. Lack of unity.

  7. Lack of practice of  Federalism.

  8. Corruption.

  9. Lack of transparency.

  1. Lack of Human Rights.

  2. Lack of Individual Freedom.

  3. Lack of religious freedom and creating of racial riots.

  4. Leftist policies i.e. socialist planning.

 SLORC and SPDC Military governments failed because_

1.       Dictatorship.

2.       Lack of Democracy.

3.       Lack of unity.

4.       Lack of practice of Federalism.

5.       Corruption.

6.       Lack of transparency.

7.       Lack of Human Rights.

8.       Lack of Individual Freedom.

9.       Lack of religious freedom and creating of racial riots.

10.   Ethnic Cleansing activities.

11.   Suppressing and persecuting of Ethnic Minorities.

12.   Suppressing and persecuting of Minority religions.  As we already knew the utterly failed results, cannot turn the wheels of history back and repeat the same mistakes but we have to use the different ways such as the right wing totally free market economies, unity under federalism, real democracy, respect of human rights of all the citizens, guarantee of individual freedom, transparent corruption free government, and rule of law in our future Burma. We all need to respect each other and look beyond the shallowness of skin color. We need to consider the Political Right to include those forms of liberalism that emphasize the free market. And how much liberty is good for the individual?

How much government do we need?

Everyone should be free to do as they choose, so long as they don’t infringe upon the equal freedom of others.

Libertarianism is the view that each person has the right to live his life in any way he chooses so long as he respects the equal rights of others. Libertarians defend each person’s right to life, liberty, and property-rights that people have naturally.

All human relationships should be voluntary; the only actions that should be forbidden by law are those that involve the initiation of force against those who have not themselves used force-actions like murder, rape, robbery, kidnapping, and fraud.We must create a society based on the belief that human happiness is intimately connected with personal freedom and responsibility.

The twin pillars of the system we create must limit on the power of the central government and protection of individual rights. . . .Human happiness requires freedom and that freedom requires limited government.

The correct word for the above view of the world is liberal. “Liberal” is the simplest Anglicization of the Latin liber, and freedom is what classical liberalism is all about.

In the United States the unmodified term liberal now refers to the politics of an expansive government and the welfare state.

Libertarianism is a vision of how people should be able to live their lives-as individuals, striving to realize the best they have within them; together, cooperating for the common good without compulsion. It is a vision of how people may endow their lives with meaning-living according to their deepest beliefs and taking responsibility for the consequences of their actions.

The libertarian, or “classical liberal,” perspective is that individual well-being, prosperity, and social harmony are fostered by “as much liberty as possible” and “as little government as necessary.”

lib-er-tar-i-an, n. A person who advocates liberty, esp. with regard to thought or conduct…. advocating liberty or conforming to principles of liberty.

One who advocates maximizing individual rights and minimizing the role of the state.Liberals favor government action to promote equality, whereas conservatives favor government action to promote order.

Libertarians favor freedom and oppose government action to promote either equality or order.

Libertarianism, political philosophy emphasizing the rights of the individual. The doctrine of libertarianism stresses the right to self-ownership and, by extension, the right to private ownership of material resources and property.

Advocates oppose any form of taxation and favor a laissez-faire economic system.

Laissez-faire or laisser-faire, is a French phrase meaning “let do”.

From the French diction first used by the 18th century physiocrats as an injunction against government interference with trade, it became used as a synonym for strict free market economics. It is generally understood to be a doctrine that maintains that private initiative and production are best allowed to roam free, opposing economic interventionism and taxation by the state beyond that which is perceived to be necessary to maintain peace, security, and property rights.

It is not the job of the state to intervene in the economy in an attempt to reduce inequality, poverty or protect worker’s rights. Laissez-faire also embodies free trade, namely that a state should not use protectionist measures, such as tariffs, in order to curtail trade through national frontiers.

The term laissez-faire is often used interchangeably with the term free market. Some use the term laissez-faire to refer to “let do, let pass” attitude for matters outside of economics.

The laissez-faire means that the neoclassical school of economic thought holds a pure or economically liberal market view: that the free market is best left to its own devices, and that it will dispense with inefficiencies in a more deliberate and quick manner than any legislating body could. The basic idea is that less government interference in private economic decisions such as pricing, production, consumption, and distribution of goods and services makes for a better (more efficient) economy.

The free market would guide people to act in the public interest by following their own self-interest, since the only way to make money would be through voluntary exchange, and thus the only way to get the people’s money was to give the people what they want. One appeals to their self interest, and pays them for their labour.

Most modern industrialized nations today are not representative of laissez-faire principles or policies, as they usually involve significant amounts of government intervention in the economy.

This intervention includes_

  • minimum wages,
  • corporate welfare,
  • anti-trust regulation,
  • nationalized industries,
  • government linked companies,
  • welfare programmes

among other ways of government intervention as a way to provide a safety net for_

  • those without the capacity to find work
  • or work because of disability,

 subsidy programs_

  •  for businesses
  • and agricultural products,

and economic trade barriers in the form of_

  •  protective tariffs –
  • quotas on imports –
  •  or internal regulation favoring domestic industry,
  • and other forms of government favoritism.

Some contemporary political positions, such as the position known in the US as Libertarianism , are very hard to characterize in left-right terms.

These libertarians are socially liberal, but reject the leftist advocacy of government regulation of business, or the protectionism of the right. Arguably, their politics are the most similar to those of the “the libertarian, or ‘classical liberal,’ perspective is that individual well-being, prosperity, and social harmony are fostered by ‘as much liberty as possible’ and ‘as little government as necessary.’

The central difference between left and right is that the left prioritises social equality, while the right prioritises individual responsibility and the maintenance of natural and inherent inequalities between people.

The most notable distinction of the right is in economic policy. The right advanced capitalism. The right advocate laissez-faire capitalism, tending toward little government intervention in the economy other than to control the money supply and little taxation except to support military and police functions.

More recently as new social issues arise, right wing views have been concerned with keeping “traditional” values (often religious values) and the preservation of individual and corporate rights through constraints on government power.

A more obscure strand of right wing thought, often associated with the original right wing from the times of monarchy, supports the preservation of wealth and power in the hands that have traditionally held them, social stability, and national solidarity and ambition.The values and policy concerns of the right vary in different countries and eras. Also, individual right wing politicians and thinkers often have individual priorities. 

The Nolan Chart is a political diagram popularized by the David Nolan. He created it to illustrate the claim that libertarianism stands for both economic freedom and personal freedom.

Its two axes are: one from individualism to totalitarianism, the other from capitalism to collectivism.

Its corners are capitalist individualism, anarchism, state communism and fascism.

Differing from the traditional left/right distinction and other political taxonomies, the Nolan Chart in its original form has two dimensions, with a horizontal x-axis labeled “economic freedom” and a vertical y-axis labeled “personal freedom”.

It resembles a square divided into four quadrants, with each sample in the population assigned to one of the quadrants.  The underlying principle of the Political Compass is that political views may be better measured along two separate and independent axes.

The Economic (Left-Right) axis measures one’s opinion of how the economy should be run:

“The Left” is defined as the view that the economy should be run by a cooperative collective agency (which can mean the state, but can also mean a network of communes),

while “the Right” is defined as the view that the economy should be left to the devices of competing individuals and organisations.

The other axis (Authoritarian-Libertarian) measures one’s political opinions in a “Social” sense, regarding a view of the appropriate amount of “personal freedom

I am a daydreamer because dreams give me hope and I always think, plan, prepare and try my best to achieve my dreams. Above is my daydream about the future of the Secular Federal Democratic Union of Burma after the second Independence.