Criminal terrorist PM Samak praises Myanmar Junta

  Criminal terrorist Thai PM Samak

praises Myanmar Junta

(BangkokPost.com) – Mr Samak Sundaravej hailed his trip to Burma last Friday as a success when he spoke on his weekly television programme aired on Channel 11 on Sunday.

The premier said he managed to talk to Burmese Prime Minister Thein Sein about several important issues including bilateral cooperation on the economic front, and on energy issues.

 “It was my job as a prime minister to judge the country through first hand experience. The general view of this country has always been one-sided, but there are two sides to a coin,” he said.

My comment: You must open both eyes and look at Myanmar. Now you closed one eye meant for the democracy, Justice and Human Rights. You open only one eye look at the benefits of your country, your cronies and yourself. And that only eye you looked at Myanmar is also covered with the greedy green spectacle.

The premier said before he left that he would not bring up human rights or democracy issues with the dictators, and also wound up witnessing the signing of a previously secret economic agreement that mandates Thai cooperation with Burma in several economic projects.

Mr Samak added that the trip made him realise that Burma is a peaceful Buddhist country. The country’s prime minister even prays and meditates on a daily basis.

My comment: In Burmese there is a saying,

” Pasat Ka_Phaya Phaya.

Let Ka_Karyar Karyar.”

So what? Myanmar PM prays and meditate daily. Pray for what? Asking Buddha to forgive the killings, torturing and jailing of Monks, demonstrators and unarmed civilians who protested peacefully?

Let’s the history of that bird with the same feathers with Myanmar SPDC Junta leaders_

Samak Sundaravej 

Samak Sundaravej (Thai: สมัคร สุนทรเวช) (born June 13, 1935) has been the Prime Minister of Thailand since January 2008, as well as the leader of the People’s Power Party since August 2007. He is of Chinese descent , ancestral surname Lee (李). Ref: [泰国] 洪林, 黎道纲主编 (April 2006). 泰国华侨华人研究. 香港社会科学出版社有限公司, 187. ISBN 962-620-127-4. 

In 1968 Samak joined the Democrat Party. Well connected to the military, Samak became head of its renegade right-wing faction. In the 1976 general election, he defeated Kukrit Pramoj and was made Deputy Interior Minister in the cabinet of Seni Pramoj. He quickly became prominent for arresting several left-wing activists. (Ref: Paul M. Handley. The King Never Smiles. Yale University Press (2006). )

Samak was removed from his ministerial position, and in reaction organised an anti-government demonstration calling for the removal of three young liberal Democrat ministers who he branded as being “communists”. On the evening of the massacre on October 6 he headed a lynch mob which confronted Prime Minister Seni in front of Government House. Although in 2008 interviews with CNN and al-Jazeera Samak denied complicity with the 6 October 1976 massacre that left officially at least 46 dead, the record tells otherwise. Accounts from witnesses, documents and published reports clearly identify Samak as chief operator of the “Armoured Car” radio programme, an ultra-right wing broadcast that constantly expounded anti-communist and pro-right propaganda.

Samak used this programme to stir up hatred against Thammasat University students, and intentionally disobeyed the Prime Minister’s orders at the time to “stop creating divisiveness.” In defending the return of 1973-ousted Field Marshal Praphat over the radio, Samak told listeners that students demonstrating against the dictator’s return were committing suicide.

Following the coup of October 6, 1976, Samak became Minister of the Interior in the administration of Tanin Kraivixien, a palace-favoured anti-Communist with a reputation for honesty. Samak immediately launched a campaign which saw hundreds of supposed leftists, many of whom were writers and other intellectuals, arrested.

In 1992, as Deputy Prime Minister in the Suchinda administration, Samak justified the military’s brutal suppression of pro-democracy demonstrators by declaring that the government had the right to do so as long as the United States could send troops to kill people in other countries. He remains unrepentant and continues to stand by his justification, stating that the military was merely trying to restore law and order after the pro-democracy demonstrators, which he branded as “troublemakers”, had resorted to “mob rule”.

 

The meeting between new Thai Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej instead focused on growing anger over killings of Cambodian immigrant workers, a spokesman said Monday.

At Samak’s two-day visit at Cambodian, issues of disputed sea borders and border killings of itinerant Cambodians had come up.

As a newly-elected leader, Samak’s visit to neighbouring nations has become a tradition for new leaders of the 10-member Association of South East Asian Nations, of which both countries are members.

Cambodian alleged that Thailand uses undue force in controlling Cambodian immigrant workers to Thailand, which results in at least a dozen shooting deaths at the hands of Thai border patrols per year, according to border police.

‘Please, do not use unnecessary violence (on the borders) because it could disturb the Cambodian people,’ Kanharith warned. ‘Thailand has full rights to control illegal immigrants, but Thailand should also respect human rights.’

Thai refused to accept the 1962 ruling of the International Court of Justice in the Hague that Preah Vihear temple belongs to Cambodia.

The oil field border dispute had been discussed extensively by Hun Sen and Samat, and Thailand had been urged to be less inflexible, allowing a ‘win-win situation between our two nations’.

As all of us know and Samak has also admitted that he is a proxy for Thaksin Shinawatra, let’s look at his puppet-master’s history_

Thaksin Shinawatra 

(Thai: ทักษิณ ชินวัตร, IPA: [tʰáksǐn tɕʰinnawát]; (Chinese: 丘達新), nickname แม้ว (maew, a northern Thailand hill tribe also known as Hmong), born July 26, 1949 in Chiang Mai, Thailand), Thai businessman and politician, is the former Prime Minister of Thailand, and the former leader of the populist Thai Rak Thai Party. He was in exile for 17 months until February 28, 2008, when he returned to Bangkok. Thaksin is commonly referred to by the Thai press as “maew” (Thai แม้ว) which is, the derogative term for a northern Thailand hill tribe also known as Hmong.

Thaksin attended the 10th class of the Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School.[24] He then attended the Thai Police Cadet Academy and upon graduation, he joined the Royal Thai Police Department in 1973.

Thaksin started his career in the Thai police, and later became a successful entrepreneur, establishing Shin Corporation and Advanced Info Service, the largest mobile phone operator in Thailand. He became one of the richest people in Thailand prior to entering politics, although he and his family later sold their shares in Shin Corporation.

His government was frequently challenged with allegations of corruption, dictatorship, demagogy, treason, conflicts of interest, acting undiplomatically, tax evasion, the use of legal loopholes and hostility towards a free press. He was accused of lèse-majesté, selling domestic assets to international investors, and religious desecration. Independent bodies, including Amnesty International, also expressed concern at Thaksin’s human rights record. Human Rights Watch described Thaksin as “a human rights abuser of the worst kind”, alleging that he participated in media suppression and presided over extrajudicial killings. A series of attacks in 2005 and 2006 by Sondhi Limthongkul and his People’s Alliance for Democracy destroyed Thaksin’s name and reputation.  He was also subject to several purported assassination attempts.

Thaksin initiated several highly controversial policies to counter a boom in the Thai drug market, particularly in methamphetamine. After earlier anti-drug policies like border blocking (most methamphetamine is produced in Myanmar), public education, sports, and promoting peer pressure against drug use proved ineffective, Thaksin launched a multi-pronged suppression campaign that aimed to eradicate methamphetamine use in 3 months. The policy consisted of changing the punishment policy for drug addicts, setting provincial arrest and seizure targets, awarding government officials for achieving targets, targeting dealers, and “ruthless” implementation.

Over the next seven weeks, press reports indicate that more than 2,700 people were killed.[75] The Government claimed that only around 50 of the deaths were at the hands of the police. Human rights critics say a large number were extrajudicially executed. The government went out of its way to publicize the campaign, through daily announcements of arrest, seizure, and death statistics.

Thaksin’s anti-drug approach was effective and extremely popular. According to the Narcotics Control Board, the policy was extremely effective in reducing drug consumption, especially in schools, at least until the 2006 coup.

King Bhumibol, in his 2003 birthday speech, supported Thaksin’s anti-drugs approach, although he did request the commander of the police to categorize the deaths between those killed by police and those killed by fellow drug dealers. Police Commander Sant Sarutanond reopened investigations into the deaths, and again found that few of the deaths were at the hands of the police. A Bangkok university poll conducted in February 2003 revealed 92% of respondents backed Thaksin’s approach. Nevertheless, his anti-drug approach was widely criticized by international community. Thaksin requested that the UN Commission on Human Rights send a special envoy to evaluate the situation, but said in an interview, “The United Nations is not my father. I am not worried about any UN visit to Thailand on this issue.”

A year after the 2006 coup, the military junta ordered another investigation into the anti-drug campaign. Former Attorney General Kanit Na Nakhon chaired the special investigative committee. “The special committee will be tasked with an investigation to find out the truth about the deaths as well as to identify remedial measures for their relatives,” said Justice Minister Charnchai Likhitjittha.

The committee found that as many as 1400 of the 2500 killed had no link to drugs. However, while giving the opinion that orders to kill came from the top, the panel failed to establish sufficient evidence to charge Thaksin directly with the murders. The Nation (an English-language newspaper in Thailand) reported on November 27, 2007:

Of 2,500 deaths in the government’s war on drugs in 2003, a fact-finding panel has found that more than half was not involved in drug at all. At a brainstorming session, a representative from the Office of Narcotics Control Board (ONCB) Tuesday disclosed that as many as 1,400 people were killed and labeled as drug suspects despite the fact that they had no link to drugs. … Senior public prosecutor Kunlapon Ponlawan said it was not difficult to investigate extra-judicial killings carried out by police officers as the trigger-pullers usually confessed.

South Thailand insurgency

A resurgence in violence began in 2001 in the three southernmost provinces of Thailand which all have a Muslim, ethnic Malay majority. There is much controversy about the causes of this escalation of the decades long insurgency. Attacks after 2001 concentrated on police, the military, and schools, but civilians have also been targets. Thaksin has been widely criticized for his management of the situation, in particular the storming of the Krue Se Mosque, the deaths of civilian protesters at Tak Bai in Army custody, and the unsolved kidnapping of Muslim-lawyer Somchai Neelapaijit.

In October 2004, 84 Muslim human rights protesters were killed at Tak Bai when the Army broke up a peaceful protest.. The many detainees were forced at gunpoint to lie prone in Army trucks, stacked like cordwood. The trucks were delayed from moving to the detainment area for hours. Many detainees suffocated to death due to gross mishandling by the military. After the 2006 coup, the Army dropped all charges and investigations into Army misconduct related to the Tak Bai incident. Thaksin announced a escalation of military and police activity in the region. In July 2005, Thaksin enacted an Emergency Decree to manage the three troubled provinces. Several human rights organizations expressed their concerns that the decree might be used to violate civil liberties.

In March 2005, Thaksin established the National Reconciliation Commission, chaired by former Prime Minister Anand Panyarachun to oversee efforts to bring peace to the troubled South. In its final report released in June 2006, the commission proposed introducing Islamic law and making Pattani-Malay (Yawi) an official language in the region. The Thaksin administration assigned a government committee to study the report, while Muslims urged the government to act faster in implementing the proposals.

There have also been complaints that Thaksin appointed relatives to senior positions in the civil service and independent commissions, for example by elevating his cousin, General Chaiyasit Shinawatra, to Army commander-in-chief. In August 2002, he was promoted from Deputy Commander of the Armed Forces Development Command to become Deputy Army Chief. Both General Chaiyasit and Defense Minister General Chavalit Yongchaiyudh denied charges of nepotism at the time. General Chaiyasit replaced General Somthad Attanan as Army commander-in-chief. However, General Chaiyasit was replaced by General Prawit Wongsuwan in August 2004, after only a year in office. His replacement was in response to an escalation of violence in southern Thailand. Prawit was succeeded by Sonthi Boonyaratglin in 2005.

Thaksin was also accused of interference after the Senate appointed Wisut Montriwat (former Deputy Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Finance) to the position of Auditor General, replacing Jaruvan Maintaka.

Respected former Thai ambassador to the UN Asda Jayanama, in an anti-Thaksin rally, claimed that Thaksin’s two state visits to India were made in order to negotiate a satellite deal for Thaksin’s family-owned Shin Corporation. The accusation was countered by Foreign Minister Kantathi Suphamongkhon, who attended the state visits with Thaksin.

Thaksin’s government has been accused of exerting political influence in its crackdown on unlicensed community radio stations.

Thaksin has also been accused of being superstitious.

Thaksin often faced harsh comparisons. Social critic Prawase Wasi compared him to AIDS, Privy Council President Prem Tinsulanonda and Senator Banjerd Singkaneti compared him to Hitler, Democrat spokesman Ong-art Klampaibul compared him to Saddam Hussein, and the newspaper The Nation compared him to Pol Pot.

Thaksin has been engaged in a series of lawsuits brought by American businessman William L Monson regarding a cable-television joint venture the two partnered in during the 1980s.

Accusations by Sondhi Limthongkul

The political crisis was catalyzed by several accusations published by media mogul Sondhi Limthongkul, a former Thaksin supporter. These included accusations that Thaksin:

  • Restricted press freedom by suing Sondhi after Sondhi printed a sermon by a controversial monk (see Luang Ta Maha Bua incident)
  • Masterminded the desecration of the Erawan shrine (see Phra Phrom Erawan Shrine incident)

Sale of Shin Corporation

On January 23, 2006, the Shinawatra family sold their entire stake in Shin Corporation to Temasek Holdings. The Shinawatra and Damapong families netted about 73 billion baht (about US$1.88 billion) tax-free from the sale, using a regulation that made individuals who sell shares on the stock exchange exempt from capital gains tax.[132]

The transaction made the Prime Minister the target of accusations that he was selling an asset of national importance to a foreign entity, and hence selling out his nation. The Democrat party spokesman compared him to Saddam Hussein: “Saddam, though a brutal tyrant, still fought the superpower for the Iraqi motherland”.

Thaksin faced pressure to resign following the sale of Shin Corporation to Temasek Holdings.

2006 Bangkok New Year’s Eve bombings

On December 31, 2006 and January 1, 2007, several bombs exploded in Bangkok. Thaksin later went on CNN to deny any involvement in the bombings.[150]

Thaksin was assaulted while eating at a Thai restaurant in London. A Thai woman threw a glass at him – it was not known whether he was injured.[151]

His diplomatic passport was revoked in December 31, 2006 after the junta accused him of engaging in political activities while in exile. Thai embassies were ordered not to facilitate his travels.

In January 2007, the Financial Institutions Development Fund complied with an Assets Examination Committee request to file a charge against Thaksin and his wife over their purchase of four 772 million baht plots of land from the FIDF in 2003. The charge was based on alleged violation of Article 100 of the National Counter Corruption Act, which specificies that government officials and their spouses are prohibited from entering into or having interests in contracts made with state agencies under their authorisation. As in truth, this particular law,has been proposed before the Thaksin’s regime, by the Democrats.

The Assets Examination Committee also accused Thaksin of issuing an unlawful cabinet resolution approving the spending of state funds to buy rubber saplings. However, it did not accuse him of corruption.

In March 2007, the Office of the Attorney-General charged Thaksin’s wife and brother-in-law of conspiring to evade taxes of 546 million baht (US$15.6 million) in a 1997 transfer of Shin Corp shares.

The Assets Examination Committee rules that Thaksiin was guilty of malfeasance for obstructing competition by passing an executive decree that imposed an excise tax for telecom operators. Thaksin’s Cabinet approved an executive decree in 2003 that forced telecom operators to pay an excise tax of 10% on revenues for mobile phone operations, and 2% for fixed-line operations.

 Reference

Bangkok Post

Wikipedia

 

Tibet revolts after Burma and bulletocracy of China

Tibet revolts after Burma

and bulletocracy of China

Posted  by Sit Mone capta0b8d421c54b4f29ba9557a64a825498aptopix_china_tibet_ny127.jpg

This AP photo shows a wounded demonstrator

r1804120991.jpg

A Tibetan monk pleads for mercy as the police arrested them during anti-China protests in front of the United Nations office in Kathmandu March 15, 2008.

REUTERS/Deepa Shrestha (NEPAL)

capt1e9a456a30fc4effab713c3b1da063d4china_tibet_protest_ny115.jpg

In this image made from video and provided by APTN, authorities walk down an avenue, Friday, March 14, 2008, in Lhasa, Tibet. Police fired tear gas to disperse Buddhist monks and others staging a second day of protests Saturday in western China in sympathy with anti-Chinese demonstrations in Lhasa, local residents said.

(AP Photo/APTN)

This blogger has decided not to write a post today as, he does not want to be in the list of blogoholic. However to day’s news of bulletocracy, given to Tibet people by Communist Chinese government brought this blogger’s hands back to the keyboard .

Coincidently, Aljazeera news has broadcasted the footage of Tibet people revolt against Chinese imperialist. Later, in another slot, Aljazeera brought this blogger back to Saffron revolution of Burma.

News from DVB said in Rangoon, there were several Military Trucks, Fire Engines, and Armored Personal Carriers, patrolling like war zone. News from Mizzima said there were Soldiers, police and Pro junta Thugs taking position in darkness of downtown Rangoon, until dawn.

That is not coincidence in this blogger’s opinion. Burmese Generals were sending troops not to protect Burmese people instead, flexing its military might to remind unarmed Burmese people not to start another revolution.

This blogger believes that Burmese Junta might know what was happening in Tibet earlier than press from special hot line from their Masters. China can not afford to take two revolts in its special autonomic territory, namely Tibet and Burma. So the Imperialist Government of China might have pulled the strings of it’s puppets in Nay Pyi Daw to crush the any possible revolution.

That is the reason why people of Rangoon are seeing Chinese made army trucks and APCs roaming in downtown Rangoon.

To prevent the outcry of International Community for action and inaction of Communist Government of China before Olympic is the most important priority . The solution from Chinese Communist Government and its puppets for those asking their freedom is bulletocracy.

Read the following excerpts from AP news

BEIJING – China ordered tourists out of Tibet’s capital Saturday while troops on foot and in armored vehicles patrolled the streets and confined government workers to their offices, a day after riots that a Tibetan exile group said left at least 30 protesters dead.

The demonstrations against Chinese rule of Tibet are the largest and most violent in the region in nearly two decades. They have spread to other areas of China as well as neighboring Nepal and India.

So Chinese Authority would make sure that it will not spread to Burma, which is still under watchful eyes of international community

Sit Mone

TIBET COLONIZED AND MASSACRED BY CHINA

 TIBET COLONIZED

AND MASSACRED BY CHINA

In 1950, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army entered the Tibetan area of Chamdo, crushing minimal resistance from the ill-equipped Tibetan army. In 1951 only, the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet was forced upon representatives of the Dalai Lama by the PLA’s military, and Beijing affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. As a result, a rebellion broke out in Amdo and eastern Kham in June of 1956 and eventually spread to Lhasa. During this campaign, tens of thousands of Tibetans were killed. The 14th Dalai Lama and other government principals fled to exile in India, but isolated resistance continued in Tibet until 1969. Dalai Lama has fled to India after the failed Tibetan uprising in 1959, and established him as the traditional head of the Tibetan government.

During the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese Red Guards inflicted a campaign of organized vandalism against cultural sites in the entire PRC, including Tibet’s Buddhist heritage. Of the several thousand monasteries in Tibet, over 6,500 were destroyed, only a handful remained without major damage, and hundreds of thousands of Buddhist monks and nuns were killed or imprisoned. Tibetan exiles state that the number that have died in the much unwanted Great Leap Forward, of violence, or other indirect causes since 1950 is approximately 1.2 million

Dalai Lama has stated his willingness to negotiate with China for “genuine autonomy”. The Dalai Lama sees the millions of Han immigrants, attracted to the TAR by economic incentives and preferential socioeconomic policies, as presenting an urgent threat to the Tibetan nation by diluting the Tibetans both culturally and through intermarriage. Chinese authorities view the Dalai Lama, in exile in India since 1959, as the linchpin of the effort to separate Tibet from China and view Tibetan Buddhist belief as supportive of his efforts. Suspected ‘separatists,’ many of whom come from monasteries and nunneries, are routinely imprisoned. In January 2006, Gendun, a Tibetan monk, received a four-year prison sentence for opinions expressed in his lectures on Tibetan history and culture. In June 2006, five Tibetans, including two nuns, were detained for publishing and distributing independence leaflets. In July, Namkha Gyaltsen, a monk, received an eight-year sentence for his independence activities. In August, armed police detained Khenpo Jinpa, an abbot. In September, Lobsang Palden, another monk, was charged with ‘initiating separatist activities.’

On September 30, Chinese People’s Armed Police shot at a group of approximately 40 Tibetan refugees attempting to cross the border into Nepal, killing a 17-year-old nun, Kelsang Namtso, and possibly others. The rest of the group fled, though witnesses reported seeing Chinese soldiers marching approximately 10 children back to a nearby camp. The official press agency Xinhua claimed that the soldiers were ‘forced to defend themselves,’ but film footage showed soldiers calmly taking aim and shooting from afar at a column of people making their way through heavy snow.

See also_

OFFICIAL SEAL

THE TIBETAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE

THE TIBETAN GOVERNMENT IN EXILE

MENU

NEWS ROOM

His Holiness reiterates firm commitment to the Middle-Way Policy

Chinese immigrant influx in Tibet is a serious threat: British MP

Kasur Tashi Wangdi to head new Office of Tibet in Brussels

Tibetans detained for chanting “long live His Holiness”

Thousands attend His Holiness’ spring teachings

Tibetans honoured with an Indian National Animal Award

Conference on Himalayan rivers and climate change

Tibetan representative welcomed by Poland‘s Speaker, MPs

Congressman Tom Lantos – Human Rights Champion passes away

 

THE STATUS OF TIBET

Tibet : Proving Truth From Facts
Sino-Tibetan Negotiations
Human Rights
Environmental Situation
Resolutions on Tibet
World Parliamentary Conventions on Tibet

 

GOVERNMENT OF TIBET

Guidelines for Future Tibet’s Polity
Directory
Guidelines for International Development Projects and Sustainable Investment in Tibet
What the Chinese scholars say about Tibet
Bank note of Independent Tibet
Stamps of Independent Tibet
Financial Assistance to Tibetan

 

TIBETAN CULTURE

His Holiness the Dalai Lama

The Panchen Lama

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Government on Controversy Surrounding Dorjee Shugden Practice

Songs for Official Ceremonies

Tibetan Musicians

Tibetan Medicine and Astrology

Tibetan Muslim

Tibetan Women

Films and Videos on Tibet

Tibet House Trust

 

HOW YOU CAN HELP TIBET

THE OFFICE OF TIBET    or  Find the Nearest Office of Tibet
Tibet House, 1 Culworth Street
London NW8 7AF
Tel: 0044-20-7722 5378
Fax: 0044-20-7722 0362

  • 500 Tibet University students reported under arrest; Big Three monasteries under siege by Chinese security forces.

    Running battles reported at Labrang Monastery in Northeast Tibet, which has also been surrounded by security forces.

  • Stay tuned to Students for a Free Tibet’s latest information on protests in Tibet.

    TibetanUprising.org is covering events in India as Tibetans attempt to march back into Tibet.

    Read the Statement by His Holiness the Dalai Lama on this year’s 49th anniversary of the 1959 Tibetan National Uprising.

    The tragic events in Tibet are the result of the intensified repression by China all over Tibet in the lead up to the 2008 Olympic Games. When it was awarded the Olympic Games in 2001, China’s government made promises to improve the human rights situation. But neither the IOC (International Olympic Committee) nor the sponsors have attempted to keep China to its word. Instead, their silence has encouraged China to continue with its repression in Tibet. It was foreseeable that sooner or later the situation would explode. The crackdown and the bloodshed could have been avoided. IOC has played a deplorable part in causing these tragic events. It is high time it should remove its head from the sand and speak out in defence of the Tibetan people!

  • Report phoned in from Lhasa, Saturday, March 15:

    “The situation is terrible. The person cried while talking to me and said that so many people had been killed. The chinese shot at everybody in sight and blood and piles of corpses are lying around the main temple Tsuglakhang in Lhasa. Many people have been put into prison where they are being beaten. Tibetans are being forced to beat up their own countrymen. Many Tibetans are refusing to do so. All travel has been banned. The person appealed for help.” <!– Sign on to Support Team Tibet
    at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing!
    Just released! “Tibet: A Human Development and Environment Report”,
    from the Dept. of Information and International Relations
    –>

    Tibet's Location
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    Welcome! Tibet Online is operated by the international Tibet Support Group community, providing information on the plight of Tibet and serving as a virtual community space for the movement. This movement is dedicated to ending the suffering of the Tibetan people by returning the right of self-determination to the Tibetan people.

    Tibet’s ancient and fantastic civilization and ecosystem are faced with extinction due to 58 years of mismanagement and abuse under its colonial ruler, the People’s Republic of China. The ongoing destruction of Tibet will only be halted when the fate of Tibet is once again back in the hands of the Tibetans. Please contact a Tibet Support Group near you to find out what you can do to help!

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    Kidnapped by the Chinese Government:
    Help Free the 11th Panchen Lama

    The Panchen Lama

  • Communist Chinese Cruelties

    Cruelties of

    Communist Chinese

    When compare to our other good neighbour, India, you are so cruel on all the countries in South East Asia, including Burma.

    You had kicked out or forced out or pushed out almost all the ethnic groups of South East Asia including all the ethnic minorities of Burma/Myanmar and the Bama people’s ancestors. After that you shamelessly bully all of us again by following to our new home land and asked for the protection money or ransom money.

    Now I wish to ask China to repent and pay back the the historical debts instead the present shameful stance of its hindrance in  our current struggle  for the democratization movements against SPDC Junta. China is actively supporting this pariah Junta and protecting this régime in the UNSC.

    If we look at the China’s long history of aggressive behaviour on its own citizens, neighbours and the world, it is quite alarming. The world must do something to protect itself from this big bully instead of closing one eye to get the big economic opportunity by supporting its one China policy and undemocratic unruly bullying on its neighbours and on its own citizens.

    If we look at the history of South East Asia, including almost all of our ethnic minorities of Burma/Myanmar, almost all of us had to migrate down and out of China because of the violent, aggressive Chinese new comers that pushed or forced all of us out.

    Later after settling in the new home land, Chinese Kings tried to continue their bully by demanding to pay tributes regularly. Not only Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, Laos but far away countries like, Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, Bengal, Europe, Mecca and Medina are also not spared.

    And during the late 60’s and 70’s, just because General Ne Win massacred the Burmese Chinese in the anti-Chinese Riots, they supported the Burmese Communist Party with 100,000 Chinese Red army troops, disguised as Wa rebels.

    According to the Burmese language, Peking radio reports, 100,000 Chinese soldiers deserted with full ammunition and joined forces with them. So, the so called, Wa Ethnic Minorities, who could not even speak or understand a word in Burmese, became full citizen now. They could easily get the Myanmar National Registration Cards and many of them even managed to get the Myanmar Passports.

    C.C.C.C. or C4

    Communist Chinese Colonialist’s Cruelties

    by_  MAHA BANDULA

    Communist China makes little distinction between separatists, terrorists, and civil rights activists – whether they are Uyghurs, Tibetans, Taiwanese, or Falun Gong Buddhists, but crushed ruthlessly. Chinese authorities are concerned that increasing international attention to the treatment of its minority and dissident peoples have put pressure on the region, with the US and many Western governments continuing to criticize China for not adhering to its commitments to signed international agreements and human rights.

    Last year China ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. Article One of the covenant says: “All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.”

    Although China continues to quibble with the definition of “people”, it is clear that the agreements are pressuring China to answer criticisms by UN Human Right Special Rapporteur Mary Robinson and other high-ranking human rights advocates about its treatment of minority peoples. Beijing appeared fearful that censuring Myanmar would set a threatening precedent for an expanded Security Council role in human rights matters — of which Communist Party-ruled China has plenty. 

    The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China guarantees freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to a fair trial, freedom of religion, universal suffrage, and property rights. However, censorship of political speech and information is openly and routinely used to protect what the government considers national security interests. The government has a policy of suppressing most protests and organizations that it considers a threat to social stability and national unity, as was the case with the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

    In Reporters Without Borders‘ Annual World Press Freedom Index of 2005, the PRC or China ranked 159 out of 167 places. This is an indication that Reporters Without Borders considers the PRC one of the countries in the world with the strictest media control.

    China is a big bully in the whole world. We need to support TAIWAN as a revenge to their support for SPDC in UNSC. Those Chinese Communists never even own or rule the Republic of China, commonly known as “Chinese Taipei” or “Taiwan“, for even one second. Communist China fought but fails to completely wipe out the Democratic Chiang Kai-shek‘s Kuomintang rulers (Chinese Nationalist Party or KMT). The ROC administration, led by Chiang Kai-shek, had already announced on October 25, 1945, as “Taiwan Restoration Day”. In 1949 only, on losing the Chinese Civil War to the CPC (Communist Party of China), the KMT, led by Chiang Kai-shek, retreated from Mainland China and moved the ROC government to Taipei, Taiwan’s largest city. On the mainland, the Communists established the PRC, shamelessly claiming to be the sole representative of China including Taiwan and portraying the ROC government on Taiwan as an illegitimate entity. Some 1.3 million refugees from Mainland China, consisting mainly of soldiers, KMT party members, and most importantly the intellectual and business elites from the mainland, arrived in Taiwan around that time. In addition, as part of its retreat to Taiwan, the KMT brought with them literally the entire gold reserve and foreign currency reserve of mainland China. This unprecedented influx of human and monetary capital laid the foundation for Taiwan’s later dramatic economic development. From this period on, Taiwan has existed as a seperate soverign progressive country transforming slowly to become a democratic country nowadays. Nevertheless, the Communist Chinese bullied the whole world including all the superpowers and even the UN to accept the one China policy.

    During ancient Chinese rule Ordinary Mongols were not allowed to travel outside their own leagues. While there had been Han Chinese farmers in what is now Inner Mongolia since the time of Altan Khan, mass settlement began in the late nineteenth century. There are groups calling for the independence of Inner Mongolia from what they view as Chinese imperialism; these groups, however, have less influence and support within and outside Inner Mongolia than similar movements in Tibet, Xinjiang, and Taiwan.

    In 1950, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army entered the Tibetan area of Chamdo, crushing minimal resistance from the ill-equipped Tibetan army. In 1951 only, the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet was forced upon representatives of the Dalai Lama by the PLA’s military, and Beijing affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. As a result, a rebellion broke out in Amdo and eastern Kham in June of 1956 and eventually spread to Lhasa. During this campaign, tens of thousands of Tibetans were killed. The 14th Dalai Lama and other government principals fled to exile in India, but isolated resistance continued in Tibet until 1969. Dalai Lama has fled to India after the failed Tibetan uprising in 1959, and established him as the traditional head of the Tibetan government.

    During the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese Red Guards inflicted a campaign of organized vandalism against cultural sites in the entire PRC, including Tibet’s Buddhist heritage. Of the several thousand monasteries in Tibet, over 6,500 were destroyed, only a handful remained without major damage, and hundreds of thousands of Buddhist monks and nuns were killed or imprisoned. Tibetan exiles state that the number that have died in the much unwanted Great Leap Forward, of violence, or other indirect causes since 1950 is approximately 1.2 million

    Dalai Lama has stated his willingness to negotiate with China for “genuine autonomy”. The Dalai Lama sees the millions of Han immigrants, attracted to the TAR by economic incentives and preferential socioeconomic policies, as presenting an urgent threat to the Tibetan nation by diluting the Tibetans both culturally and through intermarriage. Chinese authorities view the Dalai Lama, in exile in India since 1959, as the linchpin of the effort to separate Tibet from China and view Tibetan Buddhist belief as supportive of his efforts. Suspected ‘separatists,’ many of whom come from monasteries and nunneries, are routinely imprisoned. In January 2006, Gendun, a Tibetan monk, received a four-year prison sentence for opinions expressed in his lectures on Tibetan history and culture. In June 2006, five Tibetans, including two nuns, were detained for publishing and distributing independence leaflets. In July, Namkha Gyaltsen, a monk, received an eight-year sentence for his independence activities. In August, armed police detained Khenpo Jinpa, an abbot. In September, Lobsang Palden, another monk, was charged with ‘initiating separatist activities.’

    On September 30, Chinese People’s Armed Police shot at a group of approximately 40 Tibetan refugees attempting to cross the border into Nepal, killing a 17-year-old nun, Kelsang Namtso, and possibly others. The rest of the group fled, though witnesses reported seeing Chinese soldiers marching approximately 10 children back to a nearby camp. The official press agency Xinhua claimed that the soldiers were ‘forced to defend themselves,’ but film footage showed soldiers calmly taking aim and shooting from afar at a column of people making their way through heavy snow.

    In China, many Muslims are Huis and some are Hans. Islam arrived China through the ‘Silk Road’, a transcontinental pas­sage from Turkey in Europe across Asia right into Sin-kiang (Xinjiang) province of northwestern China, the homeland of the Huis. The word ‘Hui’ is actually an abbreviation derived from three Chinese characters pro­nounced as ‘Hui vu er’ which means Huighur or Uighur; the name of a nomadic tribesmen. The Huis; the collective name for the various tribesmen such as Huighurs, Kazaks, Salars, Tajiks, Tatars etc, lived along the Chinese-Russian border and beside the ‘Silk Road’ in Sin­kiang Province of China which the westerners refer it as Eastern Turkistan.

    The historical records of the arrival of Islam in China varies with dates ranging from 571 A.D. during the Sui Dynasty to 651 A.D. the Tang Dynasty.  According to a Muslim legend, Islam was first preached in China as early as the Sui Dynasty by a maternal uncle of the Prophet for his reputed tomb at Canton is highly venerated by Muslims there until now.

    Uyghur  is a Turkic language spoken by the Uyghur people in Xinjiang (also called East Turkestan or Uyghurstan), formerly also “Sinkiang” and “Chinese Turkestan,” a Central Asian region administered by China. Xinjiang is the largest political subdivision of China – it accounts for more than one sixth of China’s total territory and a quarter of its boundary length. Xinjiang is home to several Muslim Turkic groups including the Uyghurs and the Kazakhs.

    The percentage of ethnic Han Chinese in Xinjiang has grown from 6 percent in 1949 to an official tally of over 40 percent at present. This figure does not include military personnel or their families, or the many unregistered migrant workers. Much of this transformation can be attributed to the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), a semi-military organization of settlers that has built farms, towns, and cities over scattered parts of Xinjiang. The demographic transformation is held by Uyghur independence advocates as a threat to Uyghurs and other non-Han ethnicities in maintaining their culture, similar to the case of Tibet.

    The capital is Ürümqi. Inhabited since early times by nomad tribes, it is an area of rugged mountains and desert basins. It was successively subject to the Tibetans, Uighurs, and Arabs and was conquered by Genghis Khan in the 13th century. Again under Chinese rule during the Manchu dynasty, it was established as Xinjiang province c. 1884. It came under Chinese communist rule in 1949 without a struggle, but there was a Uigur uprising in Hotan in 1954.

    In the 1990s, the Turkic peoples of Xinjiang grew increasingly discontented with Chinese rule, and rioting by pro-independence Muslims broke out in 1997. China instituted a harsh crackdown on political dissent and Turkic separatists. Orthodox Islamic practices have been discouraged or suppressed by the government for fear that they will become a focus of Uigur nationalism.

    Abdurixit said that clashes between Chinese security forces and Uighur separatists on February 5 and 6 in the border town of Yining were sparked “by illegal demonstrations.” “These very violent demonstrators cried out for an Islamic kingdom,” the governor said. The clashes left 10 to 100 people killed, according to reports, and at least three others were executed for their role in the uprising.

    The indigenous population of Xinjiang has resisted Chinese rule for centuries, but the arrival of Han-majority settlers in large numbers since China re-took control of the region in 1950 has exacerbated tensions. A short-lived independent state called East Turkestan had been established in the region during the chaos of China’s civil war. Authorities have suppressed separatist activities by cracking down on the practice of religion — seen in Beijing as a force behind pro-independence sentiment. After denying the problem for decades Communist China has recently detailed as terrorist activities in the regions known as “Eastern Turkestan,” officially known as the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. In the northwestern Uyghur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China’s Foreign Ministry and the People’s Daily have documented an on-going series of incidents of terrorism and separatism since the large riot in the Xinjiang town of Yining of February 1997, with multiple crackdowns and arrests that have rounded up thousands of terrorist suspects, large weapons caches, and printed documents allegedly outlining future public acts of violence.  

    Amnesty International has claimed that these round-ups have led to hurried public trials and immediate, summary executions of possibly thousands of locals. One estimate suggested that in a country known for its frequent executions, Xinjiang had the highest number, averaging 1.8 per week, most of them Uyghur. Troop movements to the area, related to the nationwide campaign against crime known as “Strike Hard” launched in 1998 that includes the call to erect a “great wall of steel” against separatists in Xinjiang, have reportedly been the largest since the suppression of the large Akto insurrection in April 1990. International campaigns for Uyghur rights and possible independence have become increasingly vocal and well organized, especially on the internet. Repeated public appeals have been made to Abdulahat Abdurixit, the Uyghur People’s Government Chairman of Xinjiang in Urumqi.  

    Notably, the elected chair of the Unrepresented Nations and People’s Organization (UNPO) based in the Hague is a Uyghur, Erkin Alptekin, son of the separatist leader, Isa Yusuf Alptekin, who is buried in Istanbul where there is a park. There are at least 25 international organizations and web sites working for the independence of “Eastern Turkestan,” and based in Amsterdam, Munich, Istanbul, Melbourne, Washington, DC and New York. There are 7 other official Muslim minorities in Xinjiang, including 1 million Kazakhs and 500,000 Hui, as well as Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, and others. 

    Many local activists are calling not for complete separatism or real independence, but generally

    express concerns over environmental degradation, anti-nuclear testing, religious freedom,

    over-taxation, and recently imposed limits on childbearing. Many ethnic leaders are simply calling for “real” autonomy according to Chinese law for the five Autonomous Regions that are each led by First Party Secretaries who are all Han Chinese controlled by Beijing.  

    Freedom of Religion, protected by China’s constitution, does not seem to be a key issue, as mosques are full in the region and pilgrimages to Mecca are often allowed for Uyghur and other Muslims but there is an increase in restrictions against mosque attendance by youth, students, and government officials.  

    The Chinese government has consistently rounded up any Uyghur suspected of being “too” religious, especially those identified as Sufis or the so-called Wahabbis. In 2006, China intensified its efforts to use the ‘war on terrorism’ to justify its policies to eradicate the ‘three evil forces’, terrorism, separatism, and religious extremism, allegedly prevalent among Uighurs, a Turkic-speaking Muslim population in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. Under current policies, local imams are required to vet the text of weekly Friday sermons with religious bureaus. ‘Strike Hard’ campaigns subject Uighurs who express ‘separatist’ tendencies to quick, secret, and summary trials, sometimes accompanied by mass sentencing rallies. Imposition of the death penalty is common. Chinese officials have labeled Rebiya Kadeer, a Nobel Prize nominee, a terrorist, and in retaliation for her championing of Uighur rights following her exile to the US in March 2005, have beaten and arrested members of her family in Xinjiang. In October 2006 two of her sons, Kahar Abdureyim, 42, and Alim Abdureyim, 31, were put on trial on tax charges.

    Western historians also stressed that thousands of Muslims had already rushed into China by the ‘Silk Road’ in 751 AD, after the Tang Empire lost Central Asia to the Abbasids in the war at Taraz.  The Tang emper­or seek help from Samarkand (Samarkand was Timur’s royal city, celebrated its 2500th anniversary in 1970. It is an ancient site, located in modern-day Uzbekistan.) and Abbasid soldiers to crush the revolt of his general Ann Lu-shan  of Turkey origin.  All these Muslim sol­diers were allowed to stay back in Sin-kiang after winning the war.  These events hap­pened during the sixth emperor of Tang, i.e. two hundred years after the Arab-Muslims settled down in Canton, Chuanahou, Hangzhou, Yangzhou, Emgzhou and other southern cities of China and developed good relation­ships with the Hans.

    In 1270 AD Sayyid Edjill Chams Ed-Din Omar was made the governor of Yunan Province in southern China.  During the Yuan Dynasty 1279 AD – 1368 AD, after Genghis Khan conquered the whole of Asia and part of Europe; as far as the plain of Hungary, he returned with his multiracial military hordes of Turks, Persians, Babylonians Syrians and other middle-east mercenary soldiers to China. 

    During the Ming Dynasty 1368 AD-1644 AD, Islam flourished because its first em­peror Chu Hoong-vu was believed to be a Muslim himself.  There are sever­al distinguish features to support this claim such as: _

    1. His empress was a well known Muslim as stated in the Chinese history;
    2. All his daily food and drinks were under strict supervision and scruti­nized by the empress her-self.  In other words, he ate only halal meals;
    3. He wrote a ‘One Hundred Words Praise’ poem in Chinese to honour the Prophet. He was the first and only emperor in China to have written such an inscription while the calligraphy of the poem was carved on a wooden board carefully preserved in the Nanking Masjid until now; and he entrusted the life of his son to a Muslim warrior Cheng Ho. 
    4. He assigned that young Muslim soldier, Muhammad Cheng Ho to protect his prince, the heir to his throne.  When this prince succeeded him to be the second Ming emperor, he pro­moted this faithful bodyguard to the rank of Admiral and sent him set to the sacred land Makkah and south east Asia for seven times. 
    5. Each time Admiral Cheng Ho led a fleet of about one hundred ocean-bond vessels carrying more than twen­ty-five thousand soldiers and sailors.  Its flagship alone was fifty feet wide, four hundred feet long weighing one thousand five hundred tons. (This fleet when estimated at that time is compa­rable with the Seventh Fleet of the United States of America at present).

    6.       But the Chinese historians named him as ‘Eunuch Sam Poh’ sarcastically or may be mistakenly due to the fact that he was circumcised during childhood, and others take for granted that he was castrated.  He joined the army since young and fought and served his way up from an ordinary soldier to the imperial guard and at last became the famous ‘Admiral Cheng Ho’.  He took charge of the greatest expedition of that era, sailed half way round the world to as far as the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa eighty years before Columbus accidentally discovered America.

    Starting from 1855 the Muslim majority of Yunnan had risen against the oppression by the mandarins who practised the tyranny and extortion. The mandarins provoked anti-Muslim riots and instigated the destruction of the mosques. (Anderson,1876,233).  The widespread Chinese Muslim’s desire for revenge for insults to their religion led to a revolt. The rebellion started as a local uprising.  It was sparked off by the Panthay labourers of the silver mines of Lin-an hsien village in Yunnan against their Chinese overseers. The Chinese Governor of Yunnan sent an urgent appeal to the central government at Peking (Beijing) and then committed suicide.  The Panthays, under the able leadership of Tu Wen-hsiu or Dowinsheow, turned their fury on the local mandarins and ended up with challenging the central government at Peking.

    The Panthays won one victory after another in the initial phases of’ the rebellion. They wrested one important city after another from Mandarins. (Anderson, 1876, 233).The ancient holy city of Tali-fu fell to the Panthays in 1857.  The Islamic Kingdom of Yunnan was proclaimed.  Tu Wen-hsiu, leader of the Panthays, assumed the regal title of Sultan Suleiman and made Tali-fu his capital. Panthay governorships were appointed in some cities, such as Momein (Tengyueh), near the Burmese border town of Bhamo. The Panthays were powerful for eight years from 1860 to 1868 in 1860. (Anderson, 1876, 343) During this period the Sultan Suleiman, on his way to Mecca as a pilgrim, visited Rangoon, via Kengtung, and from there to Calcutta where he had a chance to see the power of the British (Anderson, 1876, 242). 

    The Panthays in 1868 found it difficult to hold on to what they had won. The civil war dragged on and Yunnan was war-torn. The Panthay power declined after 1868.  The Chinese Imperial Government had succeeded in reinvigorating itself by 1871; it was directing a campaign for the annihilation of the Panthays of Yunnan.  The Panthay Kingdom’s town after town fell to the imperial troops.  Tali-fu itself was besieged by the imperial Chinese.  Sultan Suleiman desperately turned to the British for military assistance (Thaung, 1961, 481). 

    The Sultan had seen the British might in India on his pilgrimage to Mecca.  The British authorities in India and British Burma had sent a mission led by Major Saladin to Momien from May to July 1868.  They stayed seven weeks at Momien.  In 1872 Sultan Suleiman sent his adopted son Prince Hassan, to England, with a personal letter to Queen Victoria, via Burma, requesting British military assistance.  The Hassan Mission was accorded courtesy and hospitality in both British Burma and England.  However, the British politely, but firmly, refused to intervene militarily in Yunnan against Peking (Thaung, 1961, 481).  The mission was a failure.  While Hassan and his party were abroad, Tali-fu was captured by the Imperial troops in January 1873. The Imperial Government had waged an all-out war against the Panthays with the help of French artillery experts (Thaung, 1961, 481).  Their modern equipment, trained personnel and numerical superiority were no match for the ill-equipped Panthays without any allies.  Thus, in less than two decades of its rise, the power of the Panthays in Yunnan fell. (Anderson, 1876, 243). 

    Sultan Suleiman tried to take his own life before the fall of’ Tali-fu.  But, before the poison he drank took effect fully, he was beheaded by his enemies.  The Sultan’s head was preserved in honey and then dispatched to the Imperial Court in Peking as a trophy and a testimony to the decisive nature of the victory of the Imperial Chinese over the Panthays of Yunnan (Thaung, 1961, 482). The scattered remnants of the Panthay troops continue their resistance after the fall of Tali-fu.  Momien was fell in May 1873, Governor Ta-sa-kon was executed. Panthay were hounded out, persecuted and massacred. Many fled with their families across the Burmese border and took refuge in the Wa State where, about 1875, they set up the exclusively Panthay town of Panglong (Scott, 1901, 740). 

    According to the recent Human Rights Watch report 2007_

    Human rights conditions in China deteriorated significantly in 2006. Authorities greeted rising social unrest, marked at times by violent confrontation between protesters and police, with stricter controls on the press, internet, academics, lawyers, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Several high profiles, politically motivated prosecutions of lawyers and journalists in 2006 put an end to any hopes that President Hu Jintao would be a progressive reformer, respecting the fundamental rights and freedoms of Chinese citizens.

    The Chinese government continues to use a vast police and state security apparatus to enforce multiple layers of controls on critics, protesters, and civil society activists. The system includes administrative and professional pressures, restrictions on domestic and foreign movements, covert or overt tapping and surveillance of phone and internet communications, visits and summons by the police, close surveillance by plainclothes agents, unofficial house arrests, and incommunicado confinement in distant police-run guesthouses, and custody in police stations. Many are charged with vaguely defined crimes such as “disrupting social order, leaking state secrets, or inciting subversion.” Some 100 activists, lawyers, writers, academics, HIV/AIDS campaigners, and human rights defenders were subject to such treatment in 2006, indicating a new crackdown. The government took initial steps to reform the death penalty system by requiring the review of all cases by the Supreme People’s Court, which is likely to limit the approximately 10,000 executions carried out every year. New regulations governing organ procurement enacted on August 1, 2006, failed to address the fact that judicial executions are the major source of organs used in transplant surgery in China.
    Despite exponentially increasing demands for justice, dispute resolution, and vindication of constitutional rights, the court system provides minimal redress. Although the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership acknowledges that many social protests have been fueled by abuses by local officials, institutionalized political interference in the judiciary allows local power holders to deny justice from plaintiffs and vulnerable groups. The lack of judicial remedies further exacerbates social unrest. The Ministry of Public Security reported August 9, 2006 that there were 39,000 cases of “public order disruptions” in the first half of the year, quadruple what it was a decade ago. Thirteen Chinese villagers arrested after such an incident in Dongzhou, Guangdong Province, where security officers shot at least three protesters, were sentenced on May 24, 2006, to prison terms raging up to four years.
    In March 2006, in an effort to curb legal activism around issues such as land seizures, forced evictions, and environmental and labor grievances, the government imposed new restrictions on lawyers representing protesters. As of April, new “Guiding Opinions on Lawyers” require lawyers and law firms to report to and seek instructions from local judicial authorities, often themselves party to the disputes, in all cases involving 10 plaintiffs or more. Coerced confessions, legal procedures weighted in favor of the state, closed trials, and administrative sentencing continue to undermine defendants’ rights.
    The “Great Firewall of China” restricts not only access to the internet, with its 123 million users in China, but also to newspapers, magazines, books, television and radio broadcasts, and film. During 2006, the Chinese government and Communist party officials moved aggressively to plug the wall’s holes and to punish transgressors. Premier Wen Jiabao justified the renewed crackdown, stating that “internet censorship is necessary to safeguard national, social and collective interests”
    Journalists, bloggers, webmasters, writers, and editors, who send news out of China or who merely debate politically sensitive ideas among themselves, face punishments ranging from sudden unemployment to long prison terms. Censors use sophisticated filters, blocking, and internet police to limit incoming information. The same is the truth for Myanmar internet users.
    During the first half of 2006, Chinese officials shut down more than 700 online forums and ordered eight search engines to filter “subversive and sensitive content” based on 10,000 key words. In July, a website called Century China and its eight online forums, popular among Chinese intellectuals, was shut down for illegally providing news. In September, two chief editors of Wang Yi (NetEase), a top internet portal, were fired for allowing an unauthorized opinion poll. Blogs from prominent commentators and activists continued to be regularly shut down.
    Chinese government charged with subversion in 2006 and sentenced up to 10, 12, four and two-year sentences respectively for internet writers Ren Ziyuan, Li Jianqiang, Guo Qizhen, and Li Yuanlong. The CCP and government authorities grew less tolerant of newspapers’ exposure of official corruption, rural protests, suspect land deals, and legal misconduct. In January 2006, on orders from party officials, China Youth Daily temporarily closed Freezing Point (Bingdian), its weekly supplement. Bingdian could not reopen until editor-in-chief Li Datong and his deputy were ‘reassigned.’ In September 2006, new measures mandated that foreign news agencies not sell stories directly to Chinese outlets but submit them first to Xinhua, the official Chinese news agency, for clearance and subsequent distribution.
    Foreign journalists are not exempt from harassment, detention, and occasional violence. In August, the Foreign Correspondent Club of China (FCCC) reported ‘widespread detentions’ and some instances of physical assaults of foreign reporters. Chinese nationals working for foreign newspapers are especially vulnerable. In September, Zhao Yan, a researcher for the New York Times, was sentenced to three years on fraud charges following a trial marred by due process violations.
    As human rights defenders in China have become more adroit at documenting abuses, Chinese authorities, who have never tolerated independent monitoring, have retaliated with harassment, unlawful detention, banishment from Beijing, and long prison sentences, often on trumped-up charges. Authorities have particularly targeted a small, loosely-organized network of lawyers, legal academics, rights activists, and journalists, known as the weiquan movement, which aims to pursue social justice and constitutional rights through litigation. The movement focuses on housing rights, family planning abuses, land seizures, workers’ rights, and police abuse, among other issues. Since mid-July 2006, Hu Jia has been held under house arrest and repeatedly taken by the police for interrogation. Chen Guangcheng, a blind legal activist who exposed abuses connected to family planning was sentenced in August to more than four years in prison on charges of obstructing traffic.  After many months of house arrest, police harassment, and threats, Gao Zhisheng, a prominent human rights lawyer, was arrested in October 2006 on state security charges of ‘inciting subversion’. Beijing police continued to deny Gao’s lawyer permission to visit him. Legal activist Yang Maodong (also known as Guo Feixiong), who was assisting Guangdong villagers resist land seizures, was formally arrested in September 2006 on charges of ‘illegal business activities.’ In June 2006, a local court sentenced Huang Weizhong, elected by villagers in Fujian to protest land acquisition procedures, to three years in prison.
    The Chinese government continues to prevent workers from forming independent trade unions, arguing that the party-controlled All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) sufficiently ensures their rights. As a result, increasing numbers have taken to the streets and to the courts, seeking redress for lost wages and pensions, forced and uncompensated overtime, unlawful wage deductions, employers’ violations of minimum wage regulations, and unhealthy and dangerous working conditions.
    China does not recognize freedom of religion outside of the state-controlled system in which all congregations, mosques, temples, churches, and monasteries must register.
    Registration entails government vetting and ongoing monitoring of religious personnel, seminary applicants, and publications; scrutiny of financial records and membership rolls; and veto power over group activities. Failure to register renders a religious organization illegal and subject to closure, fines, and criminal sanctions. Despite the restrictions, the number of religious practitioners continues to grow. The government also curtails religious freedom by designating some groups as cults, such as the Falungong. Leaders and those caught publishing and distributing Falungong literature face severe repression.
    Local officials and security forces continue to obstruct efforts by activists and grassroots organizations to contribute to prevention and education efforts and to organize care-giving. Although there are hundreds of nongovernmental HIV/AIDS organizations in China, only a few are recognized by the government. In 2006, security officers in several provinces detained and beat activists lobbying for improved compensation for AIDS sufferers who contracted the disease through blood transfusions. In October 2006, local authorities in Xinjiang shut down the Snow Lotus HIV/AIDS Education Institute, an HIV/AIDS advocacy group with funding from the Global Fund for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The group was closed after it exposed the exclusion of 19 junior high school students from their school because they were suffering from Hepatitis B.

    Forced evictions have increased as Beijing clears entire neighborhoods to make room for Olympic sites and to beautify the city. An official with the Beijing Municipal Administration of State Land, Resources and Housing has indicated that some 300,000 people are scheduled for relocation to accommodate beautification projects alone. With courts offering little protection, residents have banded together to protest collusion between developers and local officials who forcibly evict them from their homes or sell off the land they have been farming. Residents rarely win, in part because land is not individually owned. In mid-September, Beijing municipal authorities shut down over 50 unregistered schools for children of migrant workers, leaving tens of thousands of children without access to education. This followed a discussion by the authorities about ways to expel one-million migrant laborers from Beijing.
    When Hong Kong became a Special Autonomous Region within the People’s Republic of China in 1997 under the principle of ‘one country, two systems,’ it was promised a ?high degree of autonomy.? But Beijing has vetoed moves toward universal suffrage and ruled out direct elections for Hong Kong’s legislature in 2007 and for its chief executive in 2008. In August 2006, pro-Beijing lawmakers adopted a sweeping surveillance bill allowing extensive wiretapping, including of lawyers and journalists. The government has refused to specify when it will reintroduce anti-subversion laws shelved three years ago after the largest demonstration in Hong Kong since 1989. In August, Albert Ho, a senior legislator from the Democratic Party, was physically assaulted in broad daylight, apparently in connection with his professional activities as a lawyer.

    In 2006 China was elected to the newly-formed UN Human Rights Council. Its candidacy statement asserted that ‘the Chinese government respects the universality of human rights and supports the UN in playing an important role in the protection and promotion of human rights.’ However, Chinese diplomatic efforts have focused on doing away with independent UN investigations, on the grounds that ‘the internal affairs’ of a state should not be subject to investigation. China continues to work closely with the ‘like minded’ group of countries, which includes Iran and Zimbabwe, to roll back important human rights protections. In August, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) faulted China for not having incorporated a legal definition for gender discrimination and for failing to act on the Committee’s previous recommendations.
    China continues to maintain relations with and provide aid to a wide variety of pariah countries, including Sudan and Burma. In 2006, China became the largest investor in Sudan’s oil sector but did not use its leverage to publicly press the government to end egregious human rights violations in Darfur or accept a UN force there, and blocked the imposition of targeted sanctions in Dafur and Burma. China provided military assistance to Burma’s military junta, which continues to violently suppress civilians.

    The Chinese government still refuses to cooperate with the UN special rapporteur on North Korea, and continues to assert that North Koreans are economic immigrants, not refugees.

    Although the European Union and others continued to pursue human rights dialogues with China in 2006, the sessions produced no concrete results and no further movement toward ratification by China of the International Covenant on Political and Civil Rights (ICCPR).
    Actually, Communist China and Burma were all in the same boat not long ago, as both of them were Socialist or Communists under dictators. However, nowadays both of them tried to change their image into the open market economy because they know that their previous system is failing them. However, they could not let go their previous privileges so they all are practicing or maintaining their monopoly or controlling the economy with strict rules and regulations to go well with their needs. 

    Communist China is selling weapons, arms, ammunitions and nuclear technology to Myanmar Government. Russia is helping Uranium mining, extracting and Uranium enrichment programmes. Communist China is also helping Myanmar to build the nuclear reactors. Many Burmese people including students and monks are oppressed; maimed and killed using those bastards-communists’ weapons.

    Note: Communist Chinese Colonialist’s Cruelties or C.C.C.C.or C4 is the other name of Military plastic explosives sold to Myanmar Military to kill Burmese People and Ethnic Minorities..

    .

    China Olympic Games and Repression

    China Olympic Games and Repression

    Repression continues in China, before Olympic

    Myanmar democracy activists urge

    Olympics boycott

    BANGKOK (AFP) –

    Myanmar democracy activists called Monday on people across the world to boycott televised coverage of this summer’s Olympics in Beijing, in protest at China’s support for the ruling military junta.

    The 88 Generation Students group, which includes some of the country’s top pro-democracy leaders, also urged viewers against buying any merchandise linked to the Games.

    The Olympics are set to open on August 8, the 20th anniversary of a pro-democracy uprising led by students in Myanmar.

    The military, which has ruled the country formerly known as Burma since 1962, opened fire on the crowds, killing an estimated 3,000 people.

    Leaders of the uprising were handed lengthy prison sentences, but when released they formed the 88 Generation Student group.

    The group began new protests in August last year, harnessing public anger at a surprise hike in fuel prices that left many unable to afford even meagre bus fares to work.

    Many of the leaders were again arrested, but Buddhist monks took over the protest movement, which swelled into the biggest anti-government uprising since 1988.

    In a statement issued by leaders now in hiding, the group called “for citizens around the world to pressure the government of China to withdraw its unilateral support of the Burmese military junta and to boycott the 2008 Beijing Olympics.”

    “China is a major trade partner, major arms supplier and major defender of the junta in the international arena,” it said.

    “The military junta in Burma is still in power to this day, despite strong and continuous resistance by the people of Burma, because of China’s support.”

    The group said that instead of supporting the regime, China should help to facilitate a national dialogue among the military and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has spent 12 of the last 18 years under house arrest.

    The military last week announced that it had completed drafting a new constitution that it plans to bring to a referendum in May. The document would bar Aung San Suu Kyi, a Nobel peace prize winner, from running in elections now slated for 2010.

     

         
     
    Repression continues in China, one year before Olympic Games
    The Reporters Without Borders list of nine things the Chinese authorities must do before the Beijing Olympic Games:
    Reporters Without Borders also supports the eight demands of the Collectif Chine JO 2008 (China 2008 Olympics Collective), an alliance of nine human rights organisations based in France:
    Reporters Without Borders wrote to IOC Jacques Rogge in June 2007

    Repression continues in China,

    before Olympic Games

    When the International Olympic Committee assigned the 2008 summer Olympic Games to Beijing on 13 July 2001, the Chinese police were intensifying a crackdown on subversive elements, including Internet users and journalists. Six years later, nothing has changed. But despite the absence of any significant progress in free speech and human rights in China, the IOC’s members continue to turn a deaf ear to repeated appeals from international organisations that condemn the scale of the repression.

    From the outset, Reporters Without Borders has been opposed to holding the Olympic Games to Beijing. Now, a year before the opening ceremony, it is clear the Chinese government still sees the media and Internet as strategic sectors that cannot be left to the “hostile forces” denounced by President Hu Jintao. The departments of propaganda and public security and the cyber-police, all conservative bastions, implement censorship with scrupulous care.

    At least 30 journalists and 50 Internet users are currently detained in China. Some of them since the 1980s. The government blocks access to thousands for news websites. It jams the Chinese, Tibetan and Uyghur-language programmes of 10 international radio stations. After focusing on websites and chat forums, the authorities are now concentrating on blogs and video-sharing sites. China’s blog services incorporate all the filters that block keywords considered “subversive” by the censors. The law severely punishes “divulging state secrets,” “subversion” and “defamation” – charges that are regularly used to silence the most outspoken critics. Although the rules for foreign journalists have been relaxed, it is still impossible for the international media to employ Chinese journalists or to move about freely in Tibet and Xinjiang.

    Read more

    And continue to read these

    Petition

    Support the international campaign by signing this petition that will be sent to Liu Qi, the president of the Beijing Organising Committee for the Games and secretary of the Beijing municipal committee of the Communist Party of China

    Support the international campaign by signing this petition that will be sent to Liu Qi, the president of the Beijing Organising Committee for the Games and secretary of the Beijing municipal committee of the Communist Party of China

    Pictures of the campaign

    See photos of the operations carried out in Beijing, Paris, New York…

    Media downloads

    Download the “Beijing 2008” campaign graphic
    Download the “Beijing 2008” web banner

    in this country

    15.10 – China
    Reporters Without Borders activists rally in front of Olympic museum in Lausanne as Chinese Communist Party’s 17th congress opens
    15.09 – China
    New York Times researcher Zhao Yan freed on completing jail term
    14.09 – China
    Arrests and incidents involving foreign journalists show government is not keeping Olympic Games promises
    31.08 – China
    Congress passes law censoring disaster coverage
    30.08 – China
    Calling for lawsuit’s dismissal, Yahoo! says it is “political and diplomatic issue”

    in the annual report

    China – Annual report 2007

    Chinese Difficulty is Burmese opportunity,

    Boycott China Olympic

    boycott_beijing2008.jpg

    This blogger cut and pasted the original slogan ” British difficulty, is Burmese opportunity” which was a famous nationalist slogan during the British Colonial revolution.

    This blogger feels that the time is over due to start the campaign to boycott the Chinese Olympic as Chinese Communist Government has avoided its responsibility as a communist party to support the oppressed Burmese People against the Imperialist Military Junta.

    International community sees China as a new emerging superpower, which is able to play a pivotal role to solve the problem in country like North Korea and Sudan. Chinese Communist Government who has planned the Olympic , spent billions of Dollars for preparation, and for mega sports facilities for their up coming National Event.

    At the same time, Chinese communist authority must be very nervous for any negative effect towards the ” Chinese Olympic” which will be a prestigious event for the Modern China. This event will be remembered in the history of China as its legacy.

    Since Chinese Communist Government has blind eyes and deaf ears towards the 50 Million Burmese people’s voice, we should make Chinese Communist Government difficult and Shameful for supporting the world’s worse regime ” Military Junta of Burma”.

    To Burmese freedom fighters, this is the time we should start the slogan

    ” Chinese Difficulty is Burmese opportunity”

    This is the auspicious time , to start a campaign for boycotting the Chinese Olympic.

    Sit Mone

    Tibet clashes and Protests

    Tibet

    clashes and Protests

    Dalai Lama calls for probe

    Pictures

    Nepalese police officers charge at Tibetan protesters in Kathmandu, Nepal on Friday, March 14, 2008. Dozens of protestors were injured in a clash with police, in the protest against the Chinese rule in Tibet.

    Read more_

    Chinese actions in Tibet amount to a “cultural genocide”, Buddhist spiritual leader the Dalai Lama has said.

    He called for Tibet to be opened up to international observers so the full extent of the violent crackdown against protesters can be exposed.
    Speaking from India, where he leads the government in exile, he urged the international community to find out what the situation is in Tibet.

    Dalai Lama condemns

    Chinese ‘terror’ in Tibet

    DHARAMSHALA, India (AFP) – The Dalai Lama condemned on Sunday what he called China’s “rule of terror” and “cultural genocide” in Tibet, calling for an international probe into unrest in his homeland.

    Eighty people have been confirmed dead in the Himalayan region, the Tibetan government-in-exile said at its base in this northern Indian hill town, contradicting the Chinese official report of 10 fatalities in days of unrest.

    The dead included 26 people shot near a prison in the Tibetan capital Lhasa, aides to the Dalai Lama said.

    “They simply rely on using force in order to simulate peace, a peace brought by force using a rule of terror,” the Dalai Lama said in Dharamshala, his home since fleeing Tibet after a failed uprising against Chinese rule in 1959.

    The unrest in the vast Himalayan region, which began last week after the 49th anniversary of the 1959 revolt, is the biggest challenge to China’s rule there in nearly two decades.

    “Please investigate, if possible… some international organisation can try firstly to inquire about the situation in Tibet,” the Buddhist spiritual leader said.

    “Whether intentionally or unintentionally, some cultural genocide is taking place. There is some kind of discrimination: the Tibetans in their own land quite often are treated as second-class citizens,” the Dalai Lama added.

    “Some trusted group should go there and see how it happened,” added the Dalai Lama, who has long complained that Beijing is flooding Tibet with Han Chinese in order to make the Tibetans a minority in their homeland.

    But the Dalai Lama, a Nobel peace laureate, refrained from calling for a boycott of the Beijing Olympics in August, as many Tibetan exiles have been demanding.

    “The Chinese people… need to feel proud of it. China deserves to be a host of the Olympic Games,” he said, saying however that Beijing also needed to be “reminded to be a good host.”

    His comments came hours after China declared a “people’s war” in Tibet, and as witnesses reported repeated gunfire in the Tibetan capital on Saturday and a huge security build-up by Chinese forces there.

    On Sunday, Chinese security forces were said to be patrolling the streets of the now-calm but tense Tibetan capital.

    The Dalai Lama also appealed to China to recognise he wanted autonomy for Tibet, and not independence, and that his campaign was non-violent.

    “We are not seeking separation — that, everyone knows,” he said.

    The unrest in Tibet and a major Chinese crackdown prompted more furious protests on Sunday in Dharamshala, with activists nailing hundreds of Chinese flags to the ground for people to walk on.

    “China should stop the brutal crackdown and genocide,” said Sonam Darjee, a leader of the Tibetan Youth Congress — a pro-independence group which views the Dalai Lama’s call for greater autonomy as not going far enough.

    When asked if he was able to bring an end to Tibetan protests, the Dalai Lama said, “I have no such power.”

    “It’s a people’s movement, I consider myself a people’s servant, I cannot ask people not to do this, not to do that,” he said.

    But “everyone knows my principle — knows (it is) completely non-violence… Violence is almost like suicide.”

    He denied Chinese charges he was linked to the unrest.

    “The Chinese accuse me of creating these problems but I am actually not — I consider myself a spokesman for the Tibetan people,” he said.

    At the same time, the Dalai Lama said a growing number of Chinese “are showing solidarity with us.”

    “Chinese scholars and government officials privately support our ‘middle way’ approach,” he said.

    “Genuine harmony must come from the heart on the basis of trust, free of fear.”

     Tibetan exile group says

    about 100 protesters killed in Tibet

    Dharamsala, March 15, 2008

    Chinese police have killed about 100 Tibetan demonstrators and injured many more during protests against Chinese rule, Tibet’s main exile group said on Saturday, quoting unconfirmed sources.

    The Tibetan government in exile, based in the north Indian town of Dharmsala, offered no details in its statement, and gave no details on its sources.

    The report came after protests by Buddhist monks in Tibet turned violent, with shops and vehicles set on fire and gunshots fired on the streets of the region’s capital, Lhasa. Earlier reports have given lower death tolls. China’s official Xinhua News Agency said 10 people had been killed.

    But it is extremely difficult to get independent verification of events in Tibet since China maintains rigid control over the area. Foreigners need special travel permits, and journalists are rarely granted access except under highly controlled circumstances.

     ’80 killed’ in Tibet clashes

    At least 80 people have been killed in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa during a Chinese crackdown on protests, the Tibetan government in exile has said.

    At least 72 more people have been injured as violence spread on to the streets, the spokesman added.

    Exiles in the UK vented their anger by banging on the doors of the Chinese embassy in London and urging the UK to “end its silence” over rights abuses.

    Tibet Protests Spread to Other Provinces

    Associated Press

    BEIJING –

    Violence in Tibet spilled over into neighboring provinces Sunday where Tibetan protesters defied a Chinese government crackdown. The Dalai Lama warned Tibet faced “cultural genocide” and appealed to the world for help.

    Protests against Chinese rule of Tibet were reported in neighboring Sichuan and Qinghai provinces and also in western Gansu province. All are home to sizable Tibetan populations.

    The demonstrations come after protests in the Tibetan capital Lhasa escalated into violence Friday, with Buddhist monks and others torching police cars and shops in the fiercest challenge to Beijing’s rule over the region in nearly two decades.

    “Whether intentionally or unintentionally, some kind of cultural genocide is taking place,” said the Dalai Lama, the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader. He was referring to China’s policy of encouraging the ethnic Han majority to migrate to Tibet, restrictions on Buddhist temples and re-education programs for monks.

    He told reporters in Dharmsala, the north Indian town where Tibet’s self-declared government-in-exile is based, that an international body should investigate the government’s crackdown on the Lhasa protests.

    Tibet was effectively independent for decades before Chinese communist troops entered in 1950. The latest unrest began March 10 on the anniversary of a 1959 uprising against Chinese rule of Tibet.

    The protests are an embarrassment for China, coming just weeks before the Beijing Summer Olympics ceremonies kick off with the torch relay, which is set to pass through Tibet.

    Thubten Samphel, a spokesman for the Dalai Lama’s government in exile, said multiple sources inside Tibet had counted at least 80 corpses since the violence broke out Friday. He did not know how many of the bodies were protesters. On Friday, the exiled government said at least 30 protesters had been killed by Chinese authorities and the number could be as high as 100.

    The official Chinese Xinhua News Agency has said at least 10 civilians were burned to death Friday. The figures could not be independently verified because China restricts foreign media access to Tibet.

    In Sichuan province, Tibetan monks and police clashed Sunday in Aba county after the monks staged a protest, said a resident there who refused to give his name. He said one policeman had been killed and three or four police vans had been set on fire.

    The India-based Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy said at least seven people have been shot dead in the county. There was no way of immediately confirming the claim.

    In Qinghai province, 100 monks defied a directive confining them to Rongwo Monastery in Tongren city by climbing a hill behind the monastery, where they set off fireworks and burned incense to protest the crackdown in Tibet.

    Businesses were shuttered, and about 30 riot police with shields took up posts near the monastery. Police forced journalists to delete photographs of police.

    In western Gansu province, more than 100 students protested at a university in Lanzhou, according to Matt Whitticase of London-based activist group Free Tibet.

    A curfew was imposed in Xiahe city in Gansu province on Sunday, a day after police fired tear gas on a 1,000 protesters, including Buddhist monks and ordinary citizens, who had marched from the historic Labrang monastery.

    Large communities of ethnic Tibetans live far outside modern Tibet in areas that were the Himalayan region’s eastern and northeastern provinces of Amdo and Kham until the communist takeover in 1951. Those areas were later split off by Beijing to become the Chinese province of Qinghai and part of Sichuan province.

    Lhasa appeared to remain under a curfew on Sunday, though some people and cars were seen on the streets during daylight. The government has not announced the curfew but residents said authorities have warned them not to go outside for several days now.

    Hong Kong Cable TV said about 200 military vehicles each carrying dozens of armed soldiers, drove into the center of Lhasa on Sunday. The footage showed mostly empty streets, but for armored and military vehicles patrolling and soldiers searching buildings.

    Loudspeakers on the streets repeatedly broadcast slogans urging residents to “discern between enemies and friends, maintain order.”

    Xinhua said most shops in the Old Town area of Lhasa, which saw the brunt of the violence, were still closed Sunday. It said some shops in other parts of the town had reopened.

    China’s communist government is hoping Beijing’s hosting of the Aug. 8-24 Olympics will boost its popularity at home as well as its image abroad. But the event has already attracted international scrutiny of China’s human rights record and its pollution problems.

    International criticism of the crackdown in Tibet so far has been mild, with no threats of an Olympic boycott or other sanctions. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice called Sunday on China “to exercise restraint in dealing with the protests.”

    Rice said she was “concerned by reports of a sharply increased police and military presence in and around Lhasa.” Her statement urged China to release those jailed for protesting.

    International Olympic Committee president Jacques Rogge said Saturday he opposed an Olympic boycott over Tibet.

    Dalai Lama says

    China relies on force to achieve peace

    Reuters Dharamsala

    The Dalai Lama said on Sunday that there should be an investigation into whether cultural genocide, intentional or not, was taking place in Tibet, and said China was relying on force to achieve peace.

    Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader said that the international community had the “moral responsibility” to remind China to be a good host for the Olympic Games, but added that China deserved to host the Games.

    He called for an investigation to “whether intentionally or unintentionally cultural genocide is taking place”.

    “The Tibet nation is facing serious danger. Whether China’s government admits or not, there is a problem,” he told a news conference at his base of Dharamsala in northern India.

    “The Olympics should not be called off,” he said.

    There was no immediate comment from China’s foreign ministry.

    On Sunday, police and troops locked down Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, two days after ugly street protests against Chinese rule that the contested region’s government-in-exile said had killed 80 people.

    Monks first took to the streets of Tibet last Monday to mark the 49th anniversary of an earlier uprising, and protests soon spread to adjoining regions inhabited by pockets of Tibetans.

     Amid crackdown, exiles raise

    ‘Tibetan Olympic’ torch

    Agence France-Presse

    Tibetan exiles in Japan hoisted an alternative Olympic torch on Sunday in a bid to ramp up pressure on China over its crackdown on their homeland before the world’s athletes head to Beijing in August.Some 100 exiles and their supporters ran through central Tokyo’s Yoyogi park relaying the “Tibetan Olympics” torch and waving flags while shouting “Free Tibet” and “China, get out of Tibet.”

    “We are questioning China,” said Rinchen, a Tibetan exile in Japan who uses one name. “There are such violations of human rights in China. But will they still hold the Olympics? It’s an event for peace.”

    The torch relay is part of the “Tibetan Olympics” that refugees from the Chinese-ruled territory plan to hold in May in the Indian mountain town of Dharamshala, the home in exile of their spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama.

    Organisers said in a statement that they hoped to “highlight the paradox of the 2008 Beijing Olympics – the world’s most respectful and peaceful sporting event in one of the most repressive and brutal countries.”

    The Tibetan torch has already travelled to Australia and Taiwan and will head next to Hawaii. It will cross the Americas, Europe and Africa before returning to Dharamshala.

    The torch relay came days after the biggest protests in nearly two decades erupted in Tibet, where many residents resent what they see as Chinese attempts to destroy their Buddhist culture.

    China’s state-run press said the riots left 10 people dead while Tibet’s government-in-exile in Dharamshala said about 80 people had been confirmed killed and it had received unconfirmed reports of as many as 100 fatalities.

     Taiwan presidential hopeful

    raises Tibet spectre

    TAIPEI (XFN-ASIA) – The governing party candidate for Taiwan’s presidential election warned today that the island could go the way of Tibet under Chinese rule as he rallied supporters for a final campaign push.

    Frank Hsieh accused China of bullying and urged voters to sweep him to victory in the March 22 vote past frontrunner Ma Ying-jeou of the opposition Kuomintang.

    Ma favours closer ties with Beijing and has proposed a common market with China to promote trade between the traditional foes.

    Hsieh used a rally here to warn of a repeat of the violence that has swept Tibet in recent days, amid reports of gunfire and tanks on the streets to put down the biggest uprising against Chinese rule in nearly 20 years.

    ‘If Taiwan’s future is to be decided by people on both sides of the strait, what has happened in Tibet today will be Taiwan’s future,’ he told a crowd of tens of thousands of supporters, some of whom waved Free Tibet posters.

    China sent soldiers into Tibet in 1950 to ‘liberate’ the Himalayan region, and officially annexed it a year later.

    Hsieh and his pro-independence Democratic Progressive (nyse: PGRnews people ) Party often cite the spectre of an invasion to denounce closer ties with Beijing.

    ‘We are standing here to oppose a one-China market… to oppose a bullying one-China,’ Hsieh added.

    ‘We will reverse the tide,’ he vowed, using a campaign slogan referring to opinion polls that put him 20 points behind Ma.

    Meanwhile, in southern Taiwan, Ma rallied his own supporters in similarly festive mood, balloons bearing the symbol of a horse, a homophone of his last name.

    Protest over Tibet clashes

    Tibetan exiles in the UK have vented their anger against China amid escalating violence in their homeland.

    Protesters banged on the doors of the Chinese embassy in London and the UK was urged to “end its silence” over human rights abuses in the region.

    The Tibetan government in exile said as many as 100 civilians have been killed by security forces in recent days as violence spread on to the streets.

    Tibetan protest rocks Toorak

    ANGRY demonstrators hurled eggs and water bottles at the Chinese consulate in Melbourne yesterday in protest against China’s iron-fisted rule over Tibet.

    More than 100 Tibetans and their supporters rallied outside the consulate in Toorak and the peaceful affair quickly turned rowdy.

    A handful of demonstrators repeatedly surged towards the consulate’s gates, before being pushed back by police.

    At one point, a car driven by an unidentified Chinese man was pelted with eggs and battered with flagpoles as it swept into the consulate.

    Australia Tibet Council campaigns co-ordinator Simon Bradshaw said the protesters were releasing decades of pent-up frustration at China’s occupation of their homeland.

    “Everyone’s now aware of the way things have escalated in Lhasa,” he said.

    “I think it’s made it very clear that China’s rule in Tibet isn’t working.”

    Foreign tourists in Lhasa told of the fear and chaos that gripped the Tibetan capital as violence erupted before Chinese authorities seized control in a huge show of force.

    “I saw a lot of people with wounded heads and blood and ambulances and tanks and policemen all over,” said Danish tourist Bente Walle, 58.

    But the president of the International Olympic Committee, Jacques Rogge, yesterday rebuffed calls for a boycott of the Beijing Games over China’s crackdown in Tibet, saying it would only hurt athletes.

     IOC rejects Games boycott

    The president of the International Olympic Committee has poured cold water on calls for a boycott of the Beijing Games over China’s crackdown in Tibet.

    Jacques Rogge said: “We believe that the boycott doesn’t solve anything”, adding that it would penalises innocent athletes and harm a worthwhile event.

    China has ordered tourists out of Tibet’s capital and troops patrolled the streets a day after deadly clashes.
     
    Tibet: India expresses distress, urges dialogue

    Special Correspondent

    NEW DELHI: India on Saturday expressed distress at the deaths in the unrest in Lhasa but pointed out that Tibet was part of China, distancing itself from demands for independence being made by Tibetans.

    This is the second time India has expressed its views on the unrest in Tibet.

    In a statement earlier this week, India had said it would not allow any anti-Chinese activity on its territory.

    To a question on the recent developments in Lhasa, the Foreign Office said: “We are distressed by reports of the unsettled situation and violence in Lhasa, and by the deaths of innocent people. We would hope that all those involved will work to improve the situation and remove the causes of such trouble in Tibet, which is an autonomous region of China, through dialogue and non-violent means.”

    India had earlier stated that its law and order machinery was competent to deal with any protests on its soil. In response to the threats by Tibetans based at Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh to cross the border, New Delhi said any person, irrespective of nationality, would be dealt with firmly if found without valid travel documents.

    ‘Watching the situation’

    PTI reports:

    Earlier in the day, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee said on the sidelines of a conference in Chandigarh that India was “watching the situation.” As Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was out of New Delhi on Friday, the issue could not be discussed, Mr. Mukhe rjee said.

    Chinese security

    deployed in Nepal

    after Tibet unrest: officials

    LIPANG VILLAGE, Nepal-China border (AFP) — China has deployed security personnel inside neighbouring Nepal to keep an eye out for protests by pro-Tibetan groups, Nepali officials have said.

    Plain-clothes Chinese officers could be seen on Saturday on the Nepali side of the border with Tibet, and even blocked an AFP correspondent and photographer from working on Nepali soil near the main border crossing with Chinese-controlled Tibet.

    The cross-border security measures come after unrest in Tibet and a major clampdown in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital.

    “Because of the situation in Lhasa, there are a lot more plain-clothes Chinese armed police on the Nepal side,” explained a senior Nepali military official who asked not to be named.

    “In India, there are Tibetan exiles starting marches to Tibet, and the Chinese are scared the same thing could happen here,” the military official told AFP from the border crossing near Lipang village, 70 kilometres (44 miles) northwest of Kathmandu.

    Another Nepali border official confirmed the presence of Chinese security officials inside Nepal.

    “Before, there were very few Chinese security on our side, but since the protest in Lhasa, there has been at least six Chinese security officials on the Nepali side of the border post all the time. Sometimes, there are as many as 12,” said the Nepali border official, who also asked not to be named.

    An AFP photographer was challenged by 10 Chinese security officials in civilian clothing and uniforms more than 200 metres (yards) inside Nepali territory, and ordered to erase his images of the area.

    “We are a very small country. China is very powerful so we must do what the Chinese tell us,” said the Nepali official, while refusing to say if Chinese security officials were allowed to detain people inside Nepal.

    Landlocked and impoverished Nepal, which is wedged between Asian giants India and China, officially backs its northern neighbour’s “One China policy,” which sees Tibet and Taiwan as an integral part of China.

    Nepal hosts thousands of Tibetan refugees, and each year about 2,500 Tibetans make the dangerous journey across the Himalayas from Tibet into Nepal on their way to Dharamshala — the home of the exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama — in northern India.

    Travellers also described security on the Tibetan side of the border as tight.

    “They’ve put up more barriers on the road and there are a lot more army and police around,” said Keshab Timilsina, a Nepali truck driver who plies the road between Nepal and China.

    Although the border appeared to be open to local travellers and traders, Nepali tour operators said they had been told not to bring in foreign tour groups.

    “Our operator in Tibet is saying that the groups cannot come through the border any longer, and we are hearing that people who were on their way to Lhasa from Kathmandu are being turned around,” said a tour operator, who also asked not to be named.

    YouTube blocked in China

    after Tibet clips appear
     

    BEIJING: Access to YouTube in China was denied on Sunday after footage of recent deadly protests in Tibet appeared on the video posting site.Attempts to call up the site met with a blank screen and an error message saying the web page could not be displayed.

    The access problems came after video clips began appearing on the site showing violent unrest in the Tibetan capital Lhasa that triggered a virtual lockdown of the city by security forces.

    China, which strictly controls access to information, has kept a tight lid on news out of Lhasa, with foreign journalists being denied access and foreign tourists ordered out of the city.

    The only footage broadcast by state-run media so far has been a short clip showing Tibetan rioters in the city destroying Chinese shops, but nothing has been released on the resulting crackdown by police.

    China’s official death count puts the toll at 10, but the India-based Tibetan government-in-exile says at least 80 deaths have been confirmed.

    China also has been regularly blacking out the domestic feed of CNN whenever it runs a story about the Tibet unrest.

    Access to popular Chinese-language video posts such as tudou.com were operational on Sunday but a search for videos of the Tibet violence came back with no results.

    In late January, China introduced new restrictions on posting online video that critics saw as an extension of the Communist Party’s tight noose on the nation’s media outlets.

    Amid China’s information clampdown, the Internet has provided a rare window into the situation, with amateur video and pictures popping up on websites around the world.

    Riots-hit Lhasa tense;

    China launches ‘people’s war’

    Beijing (PTI): Chinese security forces poured into a tense but relatively peaceful Lhasa even as the local government on Sunday launched a “people’s war” to crush the massive pro-independence protests, ahead of the deadline to agitating Tibetans to surrender.

    No fresh bloodletting was reported in the riots-scarred Tibetan capital Lhasa where 10 people were killed and 12 security personnel injured after the protests launched as part of the stir to mark the 49th anniversary of the failed Tibetan uprising against the 57-year Chinese rule turned violent.

    However, rights groups claimed that seven people were killed on Sunday after the violent protests spilled to nearby provinces of Sichuan, Qinghai and Gansu with significant Tibetan population.

    A day after setting a Monday deadline for rioters to surrender or face punishment, Tibetan political and security chiefs declared a “people’s war” against the protesters and vowed to “expose” the Dalai Lama group.

    “We must wage a people’s war to beat splittism and expose and condemn the malicious acts of these hostile forces and expose the hideous face of the Dalai Lama group to the light of day,” they were quoted as saying by media after an emergency meeting.

    International pressure mounted on Beijing to show restraint in handling the protests that convulsed Tibet at a time when Beijing is going all out to showcase China through the Olympic eyes.