Country Data Report for MYANMAR, 1996-2007

Country Data Report for MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

If cannot read the graphs, sorry, please read the original website here

Relevant links: 

http://www.govindicators.orgwww.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/ 

The data and research reported here do not reflect the official views of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent.  The WGI are not used by the World Bank Group to allocate resources or for any other official purpose. 

Report provides a summary of the six aggregate governance indicators, together with all of the publicly-available disaggregated data on which the aggregate indicators are based.  The underlying data as well as methodological issues are described more fully in “Governance Matters 

VII: Governance Indicators for 1996-2007″ (June 2008). 

The Report displays the country’s performance for all available years between 1996 and 2007 in six governance dimensions: i) Voice & Accountability, ii) Political Stability and Lack of Violence/Terrorism, iii) Government Effectiveness, iv) Regulatory Quality, v) Rule of Law, and vi) 

Control of Corruption.  Each page shows the country’s percentile rank on one of the six governance indicators. Percentile ranks indicate the percentage of countries worldwide that rate below the selected country.  Higher values thus indicate better governance ratings. The graph also 

reports the margins of error displayed in the line charts by dashed lines, and corresponding to a 90% confidence interval. This means that there is a 90 percent probability that governance is within the indicated range. 

Underneath the line charts, the Report also displays data from all the underlying sources used for that indicator. Individual ratings have been rescaled to run from 0 (low) to 1 (high). These scores are comparable over time and across countries since most individual measures are based on 

similar methodologies over time. Scores from different individual indicators are not however directly comparable with each other since the different data sources use different units and cover different sets of countries. The data from the individual indicators are in fact further rescaled to make them 

comparable across data sources before constructing the aggregate governance indicators. To find out more about each source/organization click on the provided links.  More information about each of the underlying organization/source can also be found in Appendices A and B of the Governance 

Matters VII paper. 

Disclaimer 

Page 1

MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

Aggregate Indicator: Voice & Accountabillity 

Individual Indicators used to construct Voice & Accountability 

Code Source Website 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

AEO OECD Development Center African Economic Outlook http://www.oecd.org/dev/aeo .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

AFR Afrobarometer http://www.afrobarometer.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BTI Bertelsmann Transformation Index http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/ .. .. .. 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

CCR Freedom House Countries at the Crossroads http://www.freedomhouse.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.eiu.com 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 

FRH Freedom House http://www.freedomhouse.org 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Survey http://www.weforum.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GII Global Integrity Index http://www.globalintegrity.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GWPGallup World Poll http://www.gallupworldpoll.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

HUMCingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Database http://www.humanrightsdata.com 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.25 

IFD IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessments http://www.ifad.org .. .. .. .. .. 0.20 0.20 0.20 .. 

IPD Institutional Profiles Database http://www.cepii.fr/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

LBO Latinobarometro http://www.latinobarometro.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

MSI IREX Media Sustainability Index http://www.irex.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

OBI International Budget Project Open Budget Index http://www.internationalbudget.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide http://www.prsgroup.com 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.08 

RSF Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index http://www.rsf.org .. .. .. 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.19 0.13 0.18 

VAB Vanderbilt University Americas Barometer Survey http://www.lapopsurveys.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WCY Institute for management & development World Competitiveness Yearbook http://www.imd.ch .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WMOGlobal Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators http://www.globalinsight.com .. 0.25 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.13 0.13 0.13 

10 

20 

30 

40 

50 

60 

70 

80 

90 

100 

1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

 

 

Page 2

MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

Aggregate Indicator: Political Stability and Absence of Violence 

Individual Indicators used to construct Political Stability and Absence of Violence 

Code Source Website 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

AEO OECD Development Center African Economic Outlook http://www.oecd.org/dev/aeo .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BRI Business Environment Risk Intelligence Business Risk Service http://www.beri.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

DRI Global Insight Global Risk Service http://www.globalinsight.com 0.73 0.67 0.38 0.36 0.36 0.64 0.70 0.73 0.58 

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.eiu.com 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.05 0.00 0.30 0.28 

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Survey http://www.weforum.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

HUMCingranelli-Richards Human Rights Database & Political Terror Scale http://www.humanrightsdata.com 0.29 0.15 0.06 0.35 0.13 0.21 0.38 0.06 0.06 

IJT iJET Country Security Risk Ratings https://worldcue.ijet.com/tic/login.jsp .. .. .. .. .. 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 

IPD Institutional Profiles Database http://www.cepii.fr/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

MIG Merchant International Group Gray Area Dynamics http://www.merchantinternational.com .. .. .. 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.35 

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide http://www.prsgroup.com 0.65 0.65 0.64 0.65 0.64 0.65 0.65 0.64 0.64 

WCY Institute for management & development World Competitiveness Yearbook http://www.imd.ch .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WMOGlobal Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators http://www.globalinsight.com .. 0.44 0.50 0.44 0.63 0.60 0.69 0.69 0.56 

10 

20 

30 

40 

50 

60 

70 

80 

90 

100 

1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

 

 

Page 3

MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

Aggregate Indicator: Government Effectiveness 

Individual Indicators used to construct Government Effectiveness 

Code Source Website 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

ADB African Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.afdb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

AFR Afrobarometer http://www.afrobarometer.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

ASD Asian Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.adb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BPS Business Enterprise Environment Survey http://www.worldbank.org/eca/governance .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BRI Business Environment Risk Intelligence Business Risk Service http://www.beri.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BTI Bertelsmann Transformation Index http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/ .. .. .. 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.17 

DRI Global Insight Global Risk Service http://www.globalinsight.com 0.30 0.32 0.11 0.03 0.03 0.23 0.31 0.32 0.27 

EGV Brown University’s Center for Public Policy http://www.insidepolitics.org/egovt06int.pdf .. .. .. 0.35 0.28 0.28 0.25 0.25 0.20 

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.eiu.com 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Survey http://www.weforum.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GWPGallup World Poll http://www.gallupworldpoll.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.74 0.74 

IFD IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessments http://www.ifad.org .. .. .. .. .. 0.30 0.40 0.40 .. 

IPD Institutional Profiles Database http://www.cepii.fr/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

LBO Latinobarometro http://www.latinobarometro.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

MIG Merchant International Group Gray Area Dynamics http://www.merchantinternational.com .. .. .. 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

PIA World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.worldbank.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide http://www.prsgroup.com 0.33 0.17 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 

WCY Institute for management & development World Competitiveness Yearbook http://www.imd.ch .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WMOGlobal Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators http://www.globalinsight.com .. 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.14 0.19 0.19 0.19 

10 

20 

30 

40 

50 

60 

70 

80 

90 

100 

1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

 

 

Page 4

MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

Aggregate Indicator: Regulatory Quality 

Individual Indicators used to construct Regulatory Quality 

Code Source Website 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

ADB African Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.afdb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

ASD Asian Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.adb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BPS Business Enterprise Environment Survey http://www.worldbank.org/eca/governance .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BTI Bertelsmann Transformation Index http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/ .. .. .. 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.20 

DRI Global Insight Global Risk Service http://www.globalinsight.com 0.77 0.76 0.62 0.43 0.43 0.52 0.70 0.66 0.63 

EBR European Bank for Reconstruction & Development Transition Report http://www.ebrd.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.eiu.com 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.15 0.15 

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Survey http://www.weforum.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

HER Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom http://www.heritage.org 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

IFD IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessments http://www.ifad.org .. .. .. .. .. 0.23 0.30 0.30 .. 

IPD Institutional Profiles Database http://www.cepii.fr/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

MIG Merchant International Group Gray Area Dynamics http://www.merchantinternational.com .. .. .. 0.28 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.18 

PIA World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.worldbank.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide http://www.prsgroup.com 0.27 0.33 0.27 0.27 0.23 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 

WCY Institute for management & development World Competitiveness Yearbook http://www.imd.ch .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WMOGlobal Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators http://www.globalinsight.com .. 0.19 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 

10 

20 

30 

40 

50 

60 

70 

80 

90 

100 

1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

 

 

Page 5

MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

Aggregate Indicator: Rule of Law 

Individual Indicators used to construct Rule of Law 

Code Source Website 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

ADB African Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.afdb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

AFR Afrobarometer http://www.afrobarometer.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

ASD Asian Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.adb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BPS Business Enterprise Environment Survey http://www.worldbank.org/eca/governance .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BRI Business Environment Risk Intelligence Business Risk Service http://www.beri.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BTI Bertelsmann Transformation Index http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/ .. .. .. 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

CCR Freedom House Countries at the Crossroads http://www.freedomhouse.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

DRI Global Insight Global Risk Service http://www.globalinsight.com 0.49 0.49 0.36 0.23 0.21 0.40 0.53 0.55 0.54 

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.eiu.com 0.06 0.06 0.13 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.16 0.16 

FRH Freedom House http://www.freedomhouse.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Survey http://www.weforum.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GII Global Integrity Index http://www.globalintegrity.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GWPGallup World Poll http://www.gallupworldpoll.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.95 0.95 

HER Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom http://www.heritage.org 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

HUMCingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Database http://www.humanrightsdata.com 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 

IFD IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessments http://www.ifad.org .. .. .. .. .. 0.24 0.33 0.33 .. 

IPD Institutional Profiles Database http://www.cepii.fr/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

LBO Latinobarometro http://www.latinobarometro.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

MIG Merchant International Group Gray Area Dynamics http://www.merchantinternational.com .. .. .. 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.18 

PIA World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.worldbank.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide http://www.prsgroup.com 0.83 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 

QLM Business Environment Risk Intelligence Financial Ethics Index http://www.beri.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

TPR US State Department Trafficking in People report http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt .. .. 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 

VAB Vanderbilt University Americas Barometer Survey http://www.lapopsurveys.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WCY Institute for management & development World Competitiveness Yearbook http://www.imd.ch .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WMOGlobal Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators http://www.globalinsight.com .. 0.31 0.31 0.31 0.31 0.40 0.38 0.38 0.38 

10 

20 

30 

40 

50 

60 

70 

80 

90 

100 

1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

 

 

Page 6

MYANMAR, 1996-2007 

Aggregate Indicator: Control of Corruption 

Individual Indicators used to construct Control of Corruption 

Code Source Website 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

ADB African Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.afdb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

AFR Afrobarometer http://www.afrobarometer.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

ASD Asian Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.adb.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BPS Business Enterprise Environment Survey http://www.worldbank.org/eca/governance .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BRI Business Environment Risk Intelligence Business Risk Service http://www.beri.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

BTI Bertelsmann Transformation Index http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/ .. .. .. .. .. 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

CCR Freedom House Countries at the Crossroads http://www.freedomhouse.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

DRI Global Insight Global Risk Service http://www.globalinsight.com 0.24 0.22 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.13 

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.eiu.com 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 

FRH Freedom House http://www.freedomhouse.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GCB Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer Survey http://www.transparency.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Survey http://www.weforum.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GII Global Integrity Index http://www.globalintegrity.org/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

GWPGallup World Poll http://www.gallupworldpoll.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

IFD IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessments http://www.ifad.org .. .. .. .. .. 0.30 0.25 0.25 .. 

IPD Institutional Profiles Database http://www.cepii.fr/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

LBO Latinobarometro http://www.latinobarometro.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

MIG Merchant International Group Gray Area Dynamics http://www.merchantinternational.com .. .. .. 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 

PIA World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments http://www.worldbank.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

PRC Political Economic Risk Consultancy Corruption in Asia http://www.asiarisk.com/ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide http://www.prsgroup.com 0.33 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.25 

QLM Business Environment Risk Intelligence Financial Ethics Index http://www.beri.com .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

VAB Vanderbilt University Americas Barometer Survey http://www.lapopsurveys.org .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WCY Institute for management & development World Competitiveness Yearbook http://www.imd.ch .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 

WMOGlobal Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators http://www.globalinsight.com .. 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.13 

20 

40 

60 

80 

100 

1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 

 

 

Page 7

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