Kashmir (Balti: کشمیر; Poonchi/Chibhali: کشمیر; Dogri: कश्मीर;Kashmiri: کٔشِیر; Shina: کشمیر; Uyghur: كھسىمڭر) is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term “Kashmir” referred only to the valley lying between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal range; since then, it has been used for a larger area that today includes the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir consisting of the Kashmir valley, Jammuand Ladakh; the Pakistani-administered provinces of the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir, and the Chinese-administered region ofAksai Chin.

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Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir

This article is about the area administered by India. For other uses, see Kashmir.


Jammu and Kashmir   (Dogri: जम्मू और कश्मीर;Urdu: جموں و کشمیر) is the northernmost state of India. It is situated mostly in the Himalayan mountains. Jammu and Kashmir shares a border with the People’s Republic of China to the north-east , the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south and Pakistani-administered territories of Kashmir, namely Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas to the west and north-west respectively. Formerly a part of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, this territory is disputed between China, India and Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir is referred to by Pakistan as “Indian-occupied Kashmir”.[1]

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India: Carry Out Rights Commission’s Recommendations

India: Carry Out Rights Commission’s Recommendations

The people in southern Chhattisgarh state have been attacked from all sides. The National Human Rights Commission has made important recommendations, and the government should quickly carry them out.

Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch

India: Hold Torturers Accountable

India: Hold Torturers Accountable


The Andhra Pradesh state government should prosecute police officials responsible for the torture of 21 Muslims after a series of bomb blasts in Hyderabad in May and August 2007, Human Rights Watch said today.

After the blasts, the authorities detained approximately 100 Muslims for questioning. Of those later charged, 21 were released. On November 13, the Andhra Pradesh government admitted that the 21 had been tortured and announced compensation of US$600 each. It also promised additional financial assistance through government loans. But the state government has not initiated criminal proceedings against any police officers who ordered or carried out the torture.

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Relentless Violence and Impunity in Manipur, India

Relentless Violence and Impunity in Manipur


In India, the failure of justice in the state, where for 50 years the army, empowered and protected by the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), has committed numerous serious human rights violations.
In India, the failure of justice in the state, where for 50 years the army, empowered and protected by the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), has committed numerous serious human rights violations. Continue reading

Human Rights Watch “Free Activists Sentenced by Unfair Courts.”

Human Rights Watch,

“Free Activists Sentenced by Unfair Courts.”

It’s no secret that Burma’s military rulers show no respect for law, but these last few weeks show a more concentrated crackdown on dissent clearly aimed at intimidating the population. These peaceful activists should not be on trial in the first place, let alone thrown in prison for years after unfair trials.


Elaine Pearson, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch requested India to Respect Human Rights in Hunt for Mumbai Conspirators

 Human Rights Watch requested India

to Respect Human Rights

in Hunt for Mumbai Conspirators

Extracts from  Human Rights Watch hrw


After previous terror incidents there have been widespread allegations that Indian security forces have committed arbitrary arrests and torture. Muslims have often been targeted. Human Rights Watch called on the Indian government to use only lawful means to investigate the attacks and bring perpetrators to account.

“Given the criticism of the Indian counter-terror and intelligence agencies, police investigators are under a lot of pressure to find the masterminds and any accomplices to the Mumbai attacks,” said Adams. “But they should not take the short-cut of torture or rounding up the usual suspects. This has failed in the past to solve crimes or prevent new attacks, and has only succeeded in alienating minority communities. It is critical that any detentions and prosecutions conform to India’s constitution and international law.”

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