International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966
entry into force 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article 49


The States Parties to the present Covenant,

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Recognizing that these rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human person,

Recognizing that, in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the ideal of free human beings enjoying civil and political freedom and freedom from fear and want can only be achieved if conditions are created whereby everyone may enjoy his civil and political rights, as well as his economic, social and cultural rights,

Considering the obligation of States under the Charter of the United Nations to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and freedoms,

Realizing that the individual, having duties to other individuals and to the community to which he belongs, is under a responsibility to strive for the promotion and observance of the rights recognized in the present Covenant,

Agree upon the following articles:


Article 1

1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

2. All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. In no case may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.

3. The States Parties to the present Covenant, including those having responsibility for the administration of Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories, shall promote the realization of the right of self-determination, and shall respect that right, in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.


States not members of the Covenant

The majority of states in the world are parties to the ICCPR. As of March 2012 the following 25 states have either not yet signed the convention, or have signed but have not yet ratified the convention.[88]

Signed but not ratified[edit source | editbeta]

  1.  People’s Republic of China (1998-10-05)[notes 1]
  2.  Comoros (2008-09-25)
  3.  Cuba (2008-02-28)
  4.  Nauru (2001-11-12)
  5.  Palau (2011-09-20)
  6.  Sao Tome and Principe (1995-10-31)
  7.  Saint Lucia (2011-09-22)

Neither signed nor ratified[edit source | editbeta]

  1.  Antigua and Barbuda
  2.  Bhutan
  3.  Brunei
  4.  Burma (Myanmar)
  5.  Fiji
  6.  Kiribati
  7.  Malaysia
  8.  Marshall Islands
  9.  Federated States of Micronesia
  10.  Oman

Breaking News: Muslim homes and shops destroyed in Sagaing Division

August 24th, 2013
Htun Taut Kantbalu

A violent mob has destroyed Muslim homes and shops in the town of Tham Gong (Kantbalu township) in Sagaing Division.

It began around 9:30 tonight. The mob destroyed three shops owned by Muslims in the market. The mob has moved to Myoma mosque.


UN envoy says Myanmar failed to protect him in convoy attack

YANGON (AFP) – The UN’s rights envoy on Myanmar on Wednesday slammed the nation’s government for failing to protect him when his convoy came under attack in a town reeling from religious unrest.

“The state has to protect me as a responsibility… This did not happen. The state failed to protect me,” Tomas Ojea Quintan, the United Nations special rapporteur on human rights, told reporters at the end of his 10 day visit to the country.


Nazi Temple of Doom – 2013 National Geographic documentary

Meikhtila: A City in Pains [Revisited 120 Days]

The Last Soviet In Afghanistan (RT Documentary)

Eid Festival day massacre on Sittwe IDP Camp

Punks Break Burma’s Silence on Religious Attacks

RANGOON — Punk rockers draw double-takes as they dart through traffic, but it’s not just the pink hair, leather jackets or skull tattoos that make these 20-somethings rebels: It’s their willingness to speak out against Buddhist monks instigating violence against Muslims while others in Burma are silent.


What We Were Fighting For

It was 25 years ago that students led a massive uprising against military rule in Myanmar—an event that has shaped an entire generation and affected virtually every person in the country. After 26 years of disastrous decline under the regime of Gen Ne Win, the people of Myanmar had had enough. Little did they know then, when victory had seemed so near, that it would be nearly the same number of years again before they would finally begin to see the end of the long, dark night of oppression.