ASEAN LEADERS ARE BARKING AT THE WRONG TREE WITH THE WRONG CAUSE AND WRONG OBJECTIVE

ASEAN LEADERS ARE BARKING AT THE WRONG TREE 

WITH THE WRONG CAUSE AND WRONG OBJECTIVE

 

ASEAN leaders are complaining about the convenient way to solve the Rohingya problem.

But for the Rohingyas or Burmese Muslims or Christian Chins/Karens/Kachins and Buddhist Mons/Shans/Burmese etc AND the NLDS  and political opponents and armed rebel groups_

Whether the SPDC would accept them back is not their main concern. What is the consequences after repatriation is their only problem.

Jailed? Tortured? Is the main concern for all but ‘Village arrest’ (for Rohingyas only) is the problem.

No democracy, no Human Rights, no political life, no respect for the Rights of religious minorities and Ethnic minorities is their main concern.

But the lack of development, economic problems back home are the most important fact for all of them.

There is no clear cut line to DEFINE OR CATEGORIZE THEM INTO POLITICAL OR ECONOMIC MIGRANTS. 

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March 27 Myanmar Military day message

  March 27 Myanmar Military day message

Modified and edited the original letter, Arrogance? Never again”, by Tanya  in the Malaysiakini .

I have edited and adapted to the Myanmar context from the original article. I hope that Tanya and Malaysiakini could understand and forgive us for this. They should even be proud that they could contribute a very good article for the fellow Myanmar/Burmese citizens.

The absolute power of the successive ruling Tatmadaw Junta Generals corrupted them absolutely and their hubris led to their downfall.

The military dictators ravaged Myanmar/Burma for over 46 years, taking away our right to free speech, instilling fear, corrupting the country to the core, and depriving us of the wealth of this country by allowing it as largesse for his cronies. The ruling top senior general’s arrogance filtered down to the `little Napoleon generals’ who outdid him in his arrogance in implementing his will.

One of the greatest crime of the Sr General Than Shwe was the crime of ‘commission by omission’. He also let his greedy family enrich themselves at the country’s expense. However, I still do think he is a cut above the diabolical council of Tatmadaw’s crooks.

Cronies sat down and wagged their tails, happy that they got the crumbs from the table.

Dear Senior General, with all the wealth that you have now, and after all these years of your so-called “service to your people and country”, did you manage to buy peace of mind and dignity in your old age?

General Ne Win was the kind of shameless and under-handed leader we have had for over twenty years. He and his band of brigand cabinet ministers rode roughshod over the people, especially the non-Burmese, very often with barely concealed contempt for them, and most often with open contempt. His was the legacy that was continued during the days of the Than Shwe.

I call on all Myanmar/Burmese citizens from today to never, never, ever again tolerate the kind of arrogance we have been subjected to all these years at the hands of these fellows who have been mistakenly thinking they are our lords and masters. From today we will reclaim our birthright, which includes the right to liberty, freedom of expression and equality before the law. And we will remind the despicable autocrats that they have been put in their positions to serve and deliver, as our servants. They will listen when we speak our minds.

Tatmadaw Yebaws or military rank and file have been made pawns in the game played by these heartless; morally bankrupt generals, solely for the purpose of enriching and empowering themselves.

I am saying this from the bottom of my heart: if the Tatmadaw wants to be a strong and respected force that counts on the global stage, if they want their progeny to be a generation of winners, then they don’t need such generals. All they need is to believe in themselves, claim their pride and dignity, and compete on a level playing field with the civilians. I sincerely believe they can do this. Just go for it.

Most crucial at this juncture is that the delicate balance of racial and religious harmony is maintained. Without that everything else will be futile.

The Myanmar Tatmadaw will go all out to turn the Bamas against the other races. They must never succeed in this. Let us not be deceived by the Tatmadaw generals’ lies and start to distrust each other. If we work for the common good, we can ensure that all of us, will prosper. Isn’t that what we all want?

I would like to exhort all Tatmadaw rank and files not to let these evil generals poison your minds against the other minority races and minority religious persons.

If we let those generals win at their game we will all become abject losers. Above all, let us all have generous hearts. Let us not believe in the adage ‘beggar thy neighbour’. On the contrary let us believe in ‘prosper thy neighbour’. Together we will prevail.

Note: Rank and file (Idiom) =

  • Followers,
  • the general membership.

This expression comes from the military, where_

  • a rank denotes soldiers standing side by side in a row,
  • and file refers to soldiers standing behind one another.

The first recorded figurative use of this term was in 1860. 

e.g. This new senator really appeals to the rank and file in the labor unions.

 

Religion & Politics in Burmese

UN, US, EU and ASEAN must consider for the Restitution to Myanmar/Burmese Citizens

UN, US, EU and ASEAN

must consider

for the Restitution 

to Myanmar/Burmese Citizens

Dr San Oo Aung

During the dialogue for the democratization of our country, before forming a transitional interim government and drawing the new constitution, we definitely need a reconciliatory talks.

Now, if the SPDC Junta refuses the demands of UN, US, EU and Burmese opposition, they should be threatened with the ICC. But if they give in and start a reconciliatory process and allow Daw Aung San Suu Kyi led NLD and opposition, UN, US, EU and all the opposition should guarantee the safety of Myanmar Tatmadaw and SPDC Generals. Facts to offer as carrots to the military during reconciliatory talks_Burmese opposition esp. NLD must promise and guarantee the safety of all the SPDC Generals, soldiers, USDA, Swan Arrshin and their families.

1.      U Kyi Maung’s speech of sending Military Generals esp. General Khin Nyunt to Nuremberg had made the Generals scared to death and refused any negotiation.

2.      Daw Aung San Suu Kyi also failed to convinced the Generals. She said that she could forgive and forget but whether to take action on the perpetrators of atrocities, it is up to the victims and Burmese people. In stead of those words, she should give very strong guarantee by saying that if anyone wants to revenge the Myanmar Tatmadaw Generals and personals, she would personally defend. Even should use the words, over her dead body.

When I mentioned about the granting carpet amnesty and formation of Interim government together, some of my shortsighted comrades are angry and even accused me as SPDC admirer. They pointed about the sufferings of activists who sacrificed their lives, jailed, tortured, wounded, crippled, lost jobs etc. Instead of punishing the alleged criminals or alleged offenders we should look at the Restitution process.

1.      I just pointed out to them that if they are powerful enough and could overthrow SPDC by force, go ahead. Now we are powerless, weak and we are not in any position to impose our will on SPDC by force. If we want them to transfer the power peacefully, we must negotiate and guarantee their safety.

2.      And what is the use of hanging or punishing the dethroned dictators if we ignored the sacrificed activists. Just see Iraq. We must try to forget the incidence and give up the attempt to punish them even if we could not forgive the perpetrators.

3.      Like the no fault compensation in some insurance schemes, the State of Burma/Myanmar should compensate all the sufferers, with lump some rewards, monthly pensions, giving employment, projects, land, shop-lots, interest free loans etc.

4.      Then only it will be a win-win situation for all of us, including SPDC and Tatmadaw. After all we could not disband the 400,000 strong Myanmar Tatmadaw. Just look at what happens in Iraq. Not only the jobless ex-military could give trouble, our country’s security would be compromised. We need them to protect us from foreign aggressors and hard-line separatists to prevent the total disintegration of Burma/Myanmar.

Restitution process

In some of the developed countries’ criminal laws, there are new victim-oriented, or aims for the restitution of the victims. Its goal is to repair any hurt inflicted by the offender on the victim through state authority. It is commonly combined with other aims.

1.      Restitution process is the act of restoring to the rightful owner something that has been taken away, lost, or surrendered. You could call in any name: Reparation, compensation, damages, amends, reimbursement, recompense, indemnification, offset, quittance, redress, reparation, repayment, satisfaction, setoff, substitute, reward, repay, recompense, remunerate, repayment, refund or better call as rewards for the sacrifices for the country.

2.      The act of making good or compensating for loss, damage, or injury; indemnification.

3.      A return to or restoration of a previous state or position.

4.      Act of making good or of giving the equivalent for loss, damage, or injury.

We should avoid using any local or International (ICC) criminal law if SPDC agrees for a dialogue under auspices of UN combined with other countries, e.g. ASEAN, China and India etc. No need to formally abide by the body of law local and international, that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging, and trial of suspected offenders, and fixes punishment for convicted persons.

We all must be willing to waive the rights of indictment of any person in and affiliated to SPDC and Myanmar Military according to any Laws. (Indictment means, a written statement charging a party with the commission of a crime or other offense, drawn up by a prosecuting attorney and found and presented by a grand jury.)

But if SPDC refuses for a proper dialogue_We all have enough evidences to charge the accused, SPDC and affiliated parties and Myanmar Military. They all must be prepared to be the defendant or defendants in the criminal cases, Crimes against Humanity, Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing etc. at ICC.We could prove that there is Criminal Intent by SPDC.The doctrine of transferred intent is another nuance of criminal intent. Transferred intent occurs where one intends the harm that is actually caused, but the injury occurs to a different victim or object. For example, SPDC soldier shoot the Japanese Photojournalist “accidentally” because he thought that it was a local Burmese-Chinese.  The concept of transferred intent applies to homicide, battery, and arson. Felony murder statutes evince a special brand of transferred intent. Under a felony murder statute, any death caused in the commission of, or in an attempt to commit, a felony is murder. It is not necessary to prove that the defendant intended to kill the victim.

We all could prove the Malice of the SPDC. It is a state of mind that compels a person to deliberately cause unjustifiable injury to another person. At common law, murder was the unlawful killing of one human being by another with malice aforethought, or a predetermination to kill without legal justification or excuse.

The whole world knows and we all could show the proof of the Motive of SPDC.  As Motive is the cause or reason that induces a person to form the intent to commit a crime. It is not the same as intent. Rather, it explains why the person acted to violate the law. The knowledge that SPDC will receive the permanent dominance of Myanmar Military upon the death of the demonstrators is clearly the motive for those murders or massacres. But anyway the proof of motive is not required for the conviction of a crime. The existence of motive is immaterial to the matter of guilt when that guilt is clearly established. However, when guilt is not clearly established, the presence of motive might help to establish it. If a prosecution is based entirely on circumstantial evidence, the presence of motive may be persuasive in establishing guilt; likewise, the absence of motive might support a finding of innocence.Instead of proper apology, or an acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a fault or offense from the SPDC Generals we are getting the excuses, to explain (a fault or an offense) in the hope of being forgiven or understood. SPDC falsely hope to be freed from the crimes, as from an obligation or duty. But sadly those were even not the explanations offered to justify or obtain forgiveness, nor reason or grounds for excusing: Senior General Than Shwe and other top generals must know that Ignorance is no excuse for breaking any law, local or ICC.An excuse is essentially a defense for an individual’s conduct that is intended to mitigate the individual’s blameworthiness for a particular act or to explain why the individual acted in a specific manner.Don’t make excuses, make good.

Two wrongs don’t make a right, but they make a good excuse.” Thomas Szasz.

And oftentimes excusing of a fault doth make the fault the worse by the excuse.” William Shakespeare.  To be excused from liability means that although the defendant may have been a participant in the sequence of events leading to the prohibited outcome, no liability will attach to the particular defendant because he or she belongs to a class of person exempted from liability. In normal circumstances, this will be a policy of expediency. Hence, members of the armed forces, the police or other civil organizations may be granted a degree of immunity for causing prohibited outcomes while acting in the course of their official duties, e.g. for an assault or trespass to the person caused during a lawful arrest. But in the Cases of the Crimes against Humanity, Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing or the Massacre of peaceful demonstrators and the point-blank shoot to killing of the Japanese Photojournalist cases at the ICC the above excuses are not valid at all.But SPDC Generals are adamant, impervious to pleas, appeals, or reason; stubbornly unyielding. They stood firmly, often unreasonably immovable in purpose or will: They are inflexible, not easily bent; stiff or rigid. Incapable of being changed; unalterable nor unyielding in purpose, principle, or temper; immovable. They are not exorable or capable of being moved by entreaty; pitiful; tender. They are stubborn, unreasonably, often perversely unyielding; bullheaded. Or firmly resolved or determined; resolute, obstinate, characterized by unnecessary perseverance and persistent. They are difficult to treat or deal with; resistant to treatment or effort: stubborn soil; stubborn stains.

SPDC Generals should understand that they could not claim for the Diplomatic Immunity as they are not diplomats. It is for the exemption from taxation and ordinary processes of law afforded to diplomatic personnel in a foreign country only.

SPDC Generals should also understand that they could not claim for the executive privilege, exemption of the executive branch of government, or its officers, from having to give evidence, specifically, the exemption of the head of the government from disclosing information to inquiries or the judiciary. Claims of executive privilege are usually invoked to protect confidential military or diplomatic operations or to protect the private discussions and debates of the president with close aides. Efforts by various the head of the governments to gain absolute and unqualified privilege have been rejected by the International Criminal Courts, though the local remain inclined to support most claims of executive privilege. Where criminal charges are being brought against the head of the government, the claims of executive privilege are weakest.The International Court of Justice (ICJ) (also known as World Court) is the judiciary organ of the United Nations. It settles disputes submitted to it voluntarily by states (only), and gives advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by other organs of the UN, such as the General Assembly or Security Council. A recent development in international law is the International Criminal Court (ICC), the first ever permanent international criminal court, which was established to ensure that the gravest international crimes do not go unpunished. The ICC treaty was signed by 139 national governments, of which 100 ratified it into law by October 2005.Command responsibility, sometimes referred to as the Yamashita standard or the Medina standard, is the doctrine of hierarchical accountability in cases of war and serious crimes. The doctrine of “command responsibility” was established by the Hague Conventions IV (1907) and X (1907). The “Yamashita standard” is based upon the precedent set by the United States Supreme Court in the case of Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita. He was prosecuted, in a still controversial trial, for atrocities committed by troops under his command in the Philippines. Yamashita was charged with “unlawfully disregarding and failing to discharge his duty as a commander to control the acts of members of his command by permitting them to commit war crimes.” The “Medina standard” is based upon the prosecution of US Army Captain Ernest Medina in connection with the My Lai Massacre during the Vietnam War. It holds that a commanding officer, being aware of a human rights violation or a war crime, will be held criminally liable when he does not take action. In The Art of War, written during the 6th BC, Sun Tzu, argued that it was a commander’s duty to ensure that his subordinates conducted themselves in a civilized manner during an armed conflict.The Hague Conventions IV (1907) was the first attempt at codifying the principle of command responsibility on a multinational level. It was not until after WWI that the Allied Powers’ Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on the Enforcement of Penalties recommended the establishment of an international tribunal, which would try individuals for “order[ing], or, with knowledge thereof and with power to intervene, abstain[ing] from preventing or taking measures to prevent, putting an end to or repressing, violations of the laws or customs of war.”Introducing responsibility for an omission(Tomoyuki Yamashita, 1945)Command responsibility is an omission mode of individual criminal liability: the superior is responsible for crimes committed by his subordinates and for failing to prevent or punish (as opposed to crimes he ordered). Following In re Yamashita courts clearly accepted that a commander’s actual knowledge of unlawful actions is sufficient to impose individual criminal responsibilityAdditional Protocol IThe first international treaty to comprehensively codify the doctrine of command responsibility was the Additional Protocol I (“AP I”) of 1977 to the Geneva Conventions of 1949. Article 86(2) states that:The fact that a breach of the Conventions or of this Protocol was committed by a subordinate does not absolve his superiors from …responsibility …

  1. if they knew, or

  2. had information which should have enabled them to conclude in the circumstances at the time,

  3. that he was committing or

  4. about to commit such a breach and

  5. if they did not take all feasible measures within their power to prevent or repress the breach.

Article 87 obliges a commander to “prevent and, where necessary, to suppress and report to competent authorities” any violation of the Conventions and of AP I.In Article 86(2) for the first time a provision would “explicitly address the knowledge factor of command responsibility.”The term “command” can be defined as_A.  De jure (legal) command, which can be both military and civilian. The determining factor here is not rank but subordination. Four structures are identified:1.      Policy command: heads of state, high-ranking government officials, monarchs

  1. Strategic command: War Cabinet, Joint Chiefs of Staff

  2. Operational command: military leadership; in Yamashita it was established that operational command responsibility cannot be ceded for the purpose of the doctrine of command responsibility – operational commanders must exercise the full potential of their authority to prevent war crimes, failure to supervise subordinates or non-assertive orders don’t exonerate the commander.

  3. Tactical command: direct command over troops on the ground

B. De facto (factual) command, which specifies effective control, as opposed to formal rank. This needs a superior-subordinate relationship. They are:

  1. Capacity to issue orders

  2. Power of influence: influence is recognized as a source of authority in the Ministries case before the US military Tribunal after World War II.

  3. Evidence stemming from distribution of tasks: the ICTY has established the Nikolic test – superior status is deduced from analysis of distribution of tasks within the unit, it applies both to operational and POW camp commanders.

Additional Protocol I and the Statutes of the ICTY, the ICTR, and the ICC makes prevention or prosecution of crimes mandatoryThe Nuremberg Charter determined the basis to prosecute people for:

  1. Crimes against humanity: murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, and other inhuman acts committed against any civilian population, before or during the war, or persecutions on political, racial or religious grounds in execution of or in connection with any crime within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, whether or not in violation of the domestic law of the country where perpetrated.

The jurisdiction ratione personae is considered to apply to “leaders, organisers, instigators and accomplices” involved in planning and committing those crimes.Restitution process to consider for all the Myanmar/Burmese citizens abroad.

Although there are some sympathetic considerations for the Burmese/Myanmar citizens by few countries, most of us unfairly discriminated even amongst foreigners in many countries.

Except for the US and EU countries, ASEAN, China and India etc. countries wish to continue their trade ties with the SPDC Junta. In their own local countries’ laws and international laws, those who try to cover up the crimes, protect the criminals or accepting the ill-gotten property or money is illegal criminal offence, many countries are willing to continue the relations with those SPDC Criminals. And they are the ones who are punishing the Burmese/Myanmar citizens because of the acts of the successive military leaders.

 

Because the military government refused to sign visa free status to their citizens, esp. ASEAN governments, they denied the ordinary Myanmar/ Burmese these rights of visa free status. But with the excuse of government to government dealing, they granted visa free for the military authorities of Myanmar.

Although they (esp. ASEAN governments) signed the double taxation agreement with the military government they refused (esp. ASEAN governments) denied the rights of the Burmese citizens after Myanmar Embassies illegally taxed their citizens abroad.

We are not asking for special favors or the facilities that are reserved for your citizens only. But please kindly treat all of us with the same privileges or chances or favors you all reserved to your most favored foreigners from your most favored countries.

Why US, EU, Australia, Canada, Singapore and other developed countries could give training jobs for the SPDC selected and sent specialists but not the individual, private Myanmar/Burmese doctors, engineers etc. Especially UK, US and Singapore not only refused to recognize the Myanmar Medical degrees but also refused the privately applied individuals for the training posts but always ready to grant to the SPDC doctors.

EU especially UK Medical Council, Immigration etc. are also giving special privileges to the fellow EU countries’ workers, professionals and doctors. EU and UK should give the same privileges to the Burmese/Myanmar citizens as a special arrangement as part of the restitution process.

UK professional governing bodies such as GMC stop Burmese Medical degree recognition because the military government ignored their supervision process. And the other professional bodies and other countries such as Singapore, Hong Kong, Brunei follow the UK trend and derecognize as. All the countries are punishing Burmese/Myanmar professionals because of Myanmar Military Juntas’ action. At least you all should allow all the Burmese professionals after supervision/temporary registrations as internships (House Surgeons, House Officers etc.) for few years. ASEAN scholarships and many other training and scholarships given out by e.g. other government, semi-government and private big companies’ (PETRONAS, IJN etc.) are usually given to SPDC selected candidates.

If ASEAN wish to keep Myanmar SPDC in ASEAN, do not wish to jeopardize their cozy relation relationships, they could continue given them as G to G arrangement but they all should offer the same amount of scholarships and training posts to the private individual Burmese/Myanmar citizens.

In some of the developed countries’ criminal laws, there are new victim-oriented, or aims for the restitution of the victims. Its goal is to repair any hurt inflicted by the offender on the victim through state authority.

Please kindly allow me to request world leaders, UN, US, EU, ASEAN, Japan, Korea etc to kindly consider to help made it easier for the various Myanmar/Burmese migrants to work, study, settle or take refuge in your countries.

Singapore should give Myanmar professionals and others as the same privileges for allowing to work and practice, as those from Hong Kong, Taiwan and other western countries.  Malaysia should accept the Myanmar professionals and citizens with the same fast tract that they had accorded to their brothers, Indonesians.

We could even see a lot of Indonesian sweepers, toilet cleaners holding the Malaysian Red and Blue ICs. Some of the MPs, Ministers, Chief Ministers are also Indonesian Malaysians. Some are just second generation migrants only, e.g. the present Selangore Chief Minister. His father was reported in the Malaysian English daily to be an Indonesian migrated into Malaysia as a lorry driver! But it is very difficult even for a Burmese professional to get a PR. It is almost impossible to get the citizenship because of red tapes and conditions and requirements imposed on all others except for Indonesians.  

We all know the very special status and support given by Malaysia on Bosnia and other refugees. Talking about refugees, the western democracies are also rumoured to have secretly instructed the UNHCR to accept ONE ETHNIC MINORITY professing ONE RELIGION only. It is difficult to prove but all of us could see very clearly.

If Singapore and Malaysia wish to continue to accept Myanmar SPDC, they should seriously consider compensating Myanmar/ Burmese citizens with the special privileges they used to extend other preferred foreigners. 

At first many leaders around the world could not believe or some of them closed their eyes or look away from our country and blatantly claimed that there is no war in Myanmar, no atrocities committed on various minority religious groups and ethnic minorities. Even those practising the same religion or descended from the same ethnic groups denied or brushed off that there was no ethnic cleansing, racial and religious in Myanmar, just to easily deny a helping hand to those who migrated and requested to easy resettlement or refuge in their countries.It is a blessing in disguised that the stupid or dumb SPDC military generals decided to use force on peacefully demonstrating revered monks and the Burmese civilians. Now the SPDC’s real natured is exposed and the whole world had witness with their eyes about the cruel Myanmar Military. And it is clear that they are defiant and never give a dam care to the UN, UNSC, world political and religious leaders’ appeals.

We, Burmese expartrites, wish to look forward and prepare for the future of our whole family and our relatives.  We don’t want to look back over our shoulders with fear nor maintain the umbilical cord with the Myanmar, we left. 

As it now stands, we cannot plan for our future because of the ASEAN governments’ very strict policy of citizenship rules.  Our wish to give undivided full loyalty to our adopted new home cannot be fulfilled.We could not sponsor even our closed relatives; parents, brothers, sisters etc.

ASEAN governments should kindly reconsider this present ruling. After all, if our parents and near relatives are here, out of Myanmar, no need to send our money back home to Myanmar but need to spend in your own country!

The Myanmar Embassies around the world are so happy to collect income taxes (obviously double taxation for all the Myanmar PP holders) and all the various exuberant fees to endorse, renew and for issuing of new Passports.           

When the Malaysian government announced that they are building 3000 (three thousand) schools for the INDONESIAN MIGRANTS’ children, they put out the order that other MIGRANTS’ are not allowed to attend the government schools. This includes the legal workers, professionals and doctors working even for the Malaysian government. Even the highest pay migrant professional doctors’ salary in Malaysia is less than the ambulance driver’s salary in the west, they could not afford to send to the very expensive private schools. I am worried about the emergence of illiterate Myanmar refugees in a dozen of year from now in Malaysia, giving social problems as they are denied schooling because their parents came from Myanmar but not from INDONESIA.

And UIA or IIU (International Islamic University) had accepted Burmese students in their Medical Faculty before. But now they totally refused to accept Burmese Students in Medical course.

 The funniest and shameful thing is that the Islamic College in Malaysia tried to refuse Myanmar students (even the Muslim students) because they don’t have the agreement with the SPDC atheist government. But they are willing to accept even the Hindu students from India because Indian government signed an agreement with them. They seems to be out of touch with foreign news, even failed to watch the Al Jazeera TV channel about SPDC atheist government soldiers beating and killing of monks. I hope that the college authorities are not glued to MTV and TVB all the time and are ignorant about the ethnic cleansing and Genocide of Muslims in Myanmar/Burma.

 

No wander all of their OIC leaders used to shamelessly ignore the plights of discriminated downtrodden minority Muslims from Myanmar/Burma, Kashmir, Chechnya, Xingan, Yunnan, and from all over the world but KEEP ON DENOUNCING ISRAEL and US. And KEEP ON SUPPORTING PALESTINES and IRAQ uselessly as parrots. 

Game Plan for the Uprisings

Game Plan for the Uprisings

Because of Ko Zay Ya’s call for the 666 uprising and Dr Salai Tun Than’s call for the idea of civil disobedience, I hereby present the Burmese Politics according to a mathematician’s eye. 

Economist John Nash won the Nobel Price because of his famous “Game Theory”. 

Most of the politicians played along the line of this classic ‘game theory’. 

Let us consider Burmese/Myanmar politics according to the Nash’s theory but I wish to just present it in a very simple way or layman’s terms and calculate the possible outcomes or results. 

I like to explain the game first. Not a very nice example to all the readers, especially if they are related to the present military leaders but it is easy to understand this GAME THEORY by looking into the dilemma of the two detainees in the police lockup. Let’s assume that the two persons Bo Tin Oo and Bo Khin Nyunt had committed a crime together. Police detained them in two separate cells. (Please forget for a while about the real situation in Burma where police are servants of Military.) The police inve stigator told both of them separately “If you both confess, each of you will get 10 years’ jail sentence. If you both stay silent, we won’t have enough evidence and  both of you would be freed, but if only one of you confesses, I give you only five years in jail and while the other will get 15 years in jail”.  

Common sense would dictate that the best strategy is for both to stay silent and cooperate. This is the cooperative solution in game theory as it maximizes the two players’ joint welfare. But both Bo Tin Oo and Bo Khin Nyunt are in separate cells and cannot cooperate (or even if they do communicate somehow, they do not trust each other, or worse, both are of the untrustworthy kind ready to take advantage of any situation at the drop of the hat).  

Bo Tin Oo says to himself, “If Bo Khin Nyunt confesses, I am better off confessing; if Bo Khin Nyunt stays silent, I still am better off confessing. So I am better of confessing under any condition.” Bo Khin Nyunt thinks about it the same way, and concludes that he too is better off confessing. “Therefore both players have the same best strategy, for selfish gain, no matter what the other chooses”.  

This is called the dominant strategy. When both players have the same dominant strategy, it is an example of Nash Equilibrium. The result for the prisoners is that they both get 10 years in jail. They are both worse off.  

< div class=MsoNormal style=”MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt”>(This example is nothing to do directly with what happened to Bogyoke Tin Oo and Bogyoke Khin Nyunt, one died in helicopter crash and the other is suffering the long term jail sentence.) 

Now let’s see the pre-independent era of Burma. There were several games that fitted the game theory.  

Game No 1: 

Look at Burmese politics during the British rule. You have multiple players such as Bamas, ethnic minorities, Burmese Indians (Muslims and Hindis) and Burmese Chinese. All of them realized that the best strategy for all Burmese citizens is to cooperate although there are many different groups and ideologies. We all had basically cooperated to fight the foreign powers, British and Japanese. Then during the struggle to get Independence from post Second World War weak British, Bogyoke Aung San successfully organized the Panglon Conference. Though Bamas had the main share of political power, the other players more or less has some important say in policy making. This is the result according to the cooperative solution in game theory as it maximizes the players’ joint welfare. Catch point was the option to some states to separate from the Union after 10 years’ of Independence. 

But in 1947, because of alleged instigation of Ne Win and with the help of some British Army personnel, Galone U Saw decided to assassinate Bogyoke Aung San and the whole cabinet.  The dominant strategy results the tragic loss for Burma. 

In 1961-62, because of the impending Federal Constitution changes, although actually there was no real danger of breaking up of Union of Burma into pieces, Ne Win give that excuse and took over power with the help of Burmese Military. Ne Win and successive Military rulers decided not to share power with the other players. Instead it wanted all of the power for itself. This is akin to one of the prisoners breaking away and not cooperating. The result is that everyone would be worse off. And we can see some of the worsened situations already: polarized communal politics, blatant discrimination and corruption and destruction of the socioeconomic condition of whole Burma and multicolored ethnic, race, religion and ideology based rebels.  

Game No. 2.  

The game in the context of opposition parties. Military decided not to share real policy-making power with others; Ethnic Minorities, rebels (underground and ceased fire groups), and pro democracy forces inside the country and exiled.  From the perspectives of ceased fire groups and some puppet ethnic minorities, the dominant strategy for them would be to stop cooperating with SPDC Military leaders and break way from the untrustworthy ‘partner’. That is what is best for them. This is their dominant strategy according to the game theory. Instead, most of them opted to stick with their ‘partner’ Burmese Military, equivalent to getting the worse jail sentence of 15 years in the example of the prisoner’s dilemma. The result: these parties are sidelined and the communities that they represent are marginalized.  

Game N0 3.  

From the perspective of various minority Ethnic Minority Groups politics.  Shan, Kachin, Karen, Mon, Kayah, Chin, Rakhines and numerous other parties that represent almost all the other minorities in Burma are the game players. After the SPDC Military made it clear not to share real power with the minority groups, the dominant strategy for the minority would be to break away from the SPDC and stick together among themselves.  

This is equivalent to confessing in the prisoner’s dilemma. Since Bo Tin Oo had already confessed, Bo Khin Nyunt’s best strategy is to confess too. Tit for tat. Otherwise, Bo Khin Nyunt would get the worse jail term of all. As we all know, various groups and people of Burma chose the worst strategy for themselves. Some of them chose not to stick together, but instead played along with SPDC.  

Another way to look at this is to keep Military out of the picture and ask what is the best strategy for NLD, Ethnic Minorities, rebels, all the other oppositions and the whole population of Burma. As in the prisoner’s dilemma, the best strategy for them is to cooperate. However, the dominant strategy for some of the groups and people is to cheat and rat on each other. Instead of civil disobedience like India led by Mahatma Ghandi, they confessed and ratted on each other to curry some favours or to get a chance to bite and chew on the bones left over by the Burmese Military hoping that they would be better off individually. As a group, they picked the worst strategy. For the minorities and the whole population, this is the worst outcome.  

Game No 4.  

Opposition politics. The best strategy is for them to cooperate. However, since the dominant strategy is for each of the players to betray each other and grab more than its share of power, NLD naturally picked to ignore the Christians and Muslims’ plight giving excuses as if they are avoiding religious politics.  

NLD claims once get the Democr acy, all the different races and religious groups would be looked after. They scared to loose the support of Buddhist Monks and Buddhist Majority. They should clearly declare that Democracy is not meant to terrorize the minority by the majority but protect the Minorities’ rights.

But the SPDC has even started the Psychological warfare of divide and rule by claiming t hat NLD is infiltrated by Indian Kalas. 

This Game No 5 of divide and rule is successfully played by all the Dictators and Colonial Masters in the history of the world. All of us Burmese citizens must aware of that.  

The best GAME Strategy for Burma/Myanmar is for all of the people, political parties, rebels, ethnic minorities and religious groups to be united and negotiate with the present Military leaders to form a care taker government for about 5-10 years to concentrate the devel opment of our country. 

In 8888 movement we had achieved some success. But much anticipated 9999 movement was fizzled out. We missed the opportunity to up rise and throw out the military rulers during the Depaying Incident. Now the time is ripe for 666 uprising. Now we are getting the UN, USA, ASEAN and International’s support and because of the deteriorating socio economic condition I hope the time is right to reap the democracy crops. Now the whole world knows that SPDC is not sincere for rapid Democratic changes, dragging their feet and trying to bluff the whole world. It is good that there is no more Khin Nyunt with a good prince’s mask tricking the whole world but now all of us could see the unmasked SPDC and Military rulers’ ugly faces.  

So it is the time to mobilize all our recourses for the 666 uprising. Dr Salai Tun Than’s call for the idea of c ivil disobedience should start with non violence boy court of the Military and its related associations friends and relatives. Try not to deal with Government Business. And later, those who dare should do something to the immediate family members of top army personals. Now all of them are exploiting our country and freely looming the whole country and around the world. We should intimidate and restrict their freedom by all means. We should seek Interpol Warrant of arrest for all of them once they step the international airspace. We must put fear into their mind that they could be high jacked by Interpol even when they are travelling to their friendly countries. Their business and properties abroad and their children studying abroad are also not safe and are subject to be interfered using the International Laws.  

Bo Aung Din

I DREAMT OF POPE VISITING MYANMAR

I DREAMT OF POPE

VISITING MYANMAR

Last night I dreamt that Pope Benedict XVI had visited Myanmar, went to see Karen State, Shan State, Chin State, Kachin State and at last Depayin village.

The following are his remarks in my dream that are quite similar to his speech after visiting the Auschwitz concentration camp. The following is the excerpts of my dream:

As “a son of God” he asked God why he remained silent during the “unprecedented widespread numerous crimes on humanity” of the SPDC régime. In a place like Burma/Myanmar, words fail; in the end, there can be only a dread silence, a silence which itself is a heartfelt cry to God: Why, Lord, did you remain silent? How could you tolerate all this? To speak in this country of horror, in this place where unprecedented multiple crimes were committed against God and man is almost impossible — and it is particularly difficult and troubling.

“To implore the grace of reconciliation — first of all from God, who alone can open and purify our hearts, from the men and women who suffered here, and finally the grace of reconciliation for all those who, at his hour of our history, are suffering in new ways from the power of hatred and the violence which hatred spawns.”

Burma/Myanmar, he said, is a place where the human heart still cries out to God, asking where he was, why he was silent, why he did not save his people.
“We must continue to cry out humbly yet insistently to God,” the pope said, asking him to save humanity and to help all people actively resist hatred, violence and attacks on the dignity of others.

“All these inscriptions speak of human grief; they give us a glimpse of the cynicism of that SPDC régime which treated men and women as material objects and failed to see them as persons embodying the image of God,” he said.

“SPDC régime wanted to crush the entire Burmese people, to cancel them from the register of the peoples of the earth.”

Pope Benedict said, the SPDC régime wanted to destroy Christianity, Islam and true Buddhism as well, replacing it with “a faith of their own invention: faith in the rule of Myanmar Tatmadaw, the rule of the powerful.”

The obligation to remember what happened in Burma/Myanmar and to recognize the depths of hatred of which people are capable should not focus simply on numbers, the pope said.
“The individual persons who ended up here in this abyss of terror” were real people, he said. I ask you to stand firm in your faith! Stand firm in your hope! Stand firm in your love! Amen!” he concluded, speaking in Polish on the last day of his trip.

Note: My humble and sincere apology to Pope Benedict XVI for using his name and words. But I hope I am not insulting the Holy Pope but praising and looking up to him, appealing just not to look back into the history but to realize that the ugly Holocaust History is repeating itself in present Myanmar/Burma in another form. And it is not committed on one race and one religion only but all the races and religions of Burmese people, as long as they are not on the SPDC side. Dear Pope please visit our country and speak on our behalf and kindly pray to God for all of us to be liberated from this Fascist Nazi SPDC Régime.

KO TIN NWE 

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Comments

David Law said _

Dear Ko Tin Nwe, to quote your article: “the SPDC régime wanted to destroy Christianity, Islam and true Buddhism as well, replacing it with “a faith of their own invention: faith in the rule of Myanmar Tatmadaw, the rule of the powerful.”
This has prompted me to write an article about “Myanmarmy-ism” as the new religion of Burma, and Thanshwe is the top God, Ee Hmway Kyaing is the Goddess, and all the other generals are the lesser gods and nat-spirits.
As sort of like Jupiter and Hera and all the rest.
 Hmyawbar, in a future issue of BD

Ko Tin Maung said _

Elie Wiesel, the Nobel laureate, professor and holocaust survivor said, “The question is not where was God during the Holocaust, but where was man?”