ASEAN leaders are complaining about the convenient way to solve the Rohingya problem.

But for the Rohingyas or Burmese Muslims or Christian Chins/Karens/Kachins and Buddhist Mons/Shans/Burmese etc AND the NLDS  and political opponents and armed rebel groups_

Whether the SPDC would accept them back is not their main concern. What is the consequences after repatriation is their only problem.

Jailed? Tortured? Is the main concern for all but ‘Village arrest’ (for Rohingyas only) is the problem.

No democracy, no Human Rights, no political life, no respect for the Rights of religious minorities and Ethnic minorities is their main concern.

But the lack of development, economic problems back home are the most important fact for all of them.


Continue reading

Deafening silence from Malaysia regarding Myanmar Cyclone?

Deafening silence from Malaysia regarding Myanmar Cyclone?


First of all I wish to apologize if I am wrong.


If Malaysian Government had already sent the condolence note to Myanmar, I am sorry for writing this.


If Malaysian Government, GLCs (government Linked companies), NST, TV3, NTV7, RTM and NGOs (esp. government affiliated) had already started a campaign to help Myanmar, please accept my  apology for wrongly writing this posting.


If you all haven’t done anything, it is shame on you.


We don’t want a cent from you Kaisu Malaysia!



We know that we are not Orang Puteh (Whiteman) , no Arab blood and have no Malay-Indonesian blood. We are ALWAYS discriminated in your country.


Never mind if you do not wish to recognize the undocumented workers/migrants and asylum seekers.


During the great disaster in Myanmar, I hope if Malaysian government could do the followings to help us without spending a cent.


Please announce amnesty on all the Myanmar/Burmese undocumented workers/migrants and asylum seekers including those already in the detention camp. (At least if they could work and earn, they could help their families, relatives and friends.)


You could put a time limit for example six months to one year.

It is shameful that you are heartless to continue arresting and some of your agents are harassing them daily.


Dr San Oo Aung


17 Myanmar Illegal Immigrants Held In Kelantan

BERNAMA, RANTAU PANJANG, May 6 (Bernama) — The Anti- Smuggling Unit (UPP) Tuesday arrested 17 Myanmar nationals without valid travel documents in Kampung Kempas, Machang, as they were being smuggled into the country by a syndicate.

Kelantan UPP commander Mazlan Che Hamid said the Myanmar nationals, aged between 16 and 30 years, had been turned over to the Immigration authorities.

He said the van driver, a Malaysian, stopped the vehicle by the roadside and fled after realising that it was being tailed by UPP personnel at 4.30 am.

The UPP personnel had followed the van from Kampung Kedap here, some 40 km from Machang, he said.





In 1950, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army entered the Tibetan area of Chamdo, crushing minimal resistance from the ill-equipped Tibetan army. In 1951 only, the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet was forced upon representatives of the Dalai Lama by the PLA’s military, and Beijing affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. As a result, a rebellion broke out in Amdo and eastern Kham in June of 1956 and eventually spread to Lhasa. During this campaign, tens of thousands of Tibetans were killed. The 14th Dalai Lama and other government principals fled to exile in India, but isolated resistance continued in Tibet until 1969. Dalai Lama has fled to India after the failed Tibetan uprising in 1959, and established him as the traditional head of the Tibetan government.

During the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese Red Guards inflicted a campaign of organized vandalism against cultural sites in the entire PRC, including Tibet’s Buddhist heritage. Of the several thousand monasteries in Tibet, over 6,500 were destroyed, only a handful remained without major damage, and hundreds of thousands of Buddhist monks and nuns were killed or imprisoned. Tibetan exiles state that the number that have died in the much unwanted Great Leap Forward, of violence, or other indirect causes since 1950 is approximately 1.2 million

Dalai Lama has stated his willingness to negotiate with China for “genuine autonomy”. The Dalai Lama sees the millions of Han immigrants, attracted to the TAR by economic incentives and preferential socioeconomic policies, as presenting an urgent threat to the Tibetan nation by diluting the Tibetans both culturally and through intermarriage. Chinese authorities view the Dalai Lama, in exile in India since 1959, as the linchpin of the effort to separate Tibet from China and view Tibetan Buddhist belief as supportive of his efforts. Suspected ‘separatists,’ many of whom come from monasteries and nunneries, are routinely imprisoned. In January 2006, Gendun, a Tibetan monk, received a four-year prison sentence for opinions expressed in his lectures on Tibetan history and culture. In June 2006, five Tibetans, including two nuns, were detained for publishing and distributing independence leaflets. In July, Namkha Gyaltsen, a monk, received an eight-year sentence for his independence activities. In August, armed police detained Khenpo Jinpa, an abbot. In September, Lobsang Palden, another monk, was charged with ‘initiating separatist activities.’

On September 30, Chinese People’s Armed Police shot at a group of approximately 40 Tibetan refugees attempting to cross the border into Nepal, killing a 17-year-old nun, Kelsang Namtso, and possibly others. The rest of the group fled, though witnesses reported seeing Chinese soldiers marching approximately 10 children back to a nearby camp. The official press agency Xinhua claimed that the soldiers were ‘forced to defend themselves,’ but film footage showed soldiers calmly taking aim and shooting from afar at a column of people making their way through heavy snow.

See also_






His Holiness reiterates firm commitment to the Middle-Way Policy

Chinese immigrant influx in Tibet is a serious threat: British MP

Kasur Tashi Wangdi to head new Office of Tibet in Brussels

Tibetans detained for chanting “long live His Holiness”

Thousands attend His Holiness’ spring teachings

Tibetans honoured with an Indian National Animal Award

Conference on Himalayan rivers and climate change

Tibetan representative welcomed by Poland‘s Speaker, MPs

Congressman Tom Lantos – Human Rights Champion passes away



Tibet : Proving Truth From Facts
Sino-Tibetan Negotiations
Human Rights
Environmental Situation
Resolutions on Tibet
World Parliamentary Conventions on Tibet



Guidelines for Future Tibet’s Polity
Guidelines for International Development Projects and Sustainable Investment in Tibet
What the Chinese scholars say about Tibet
Bank note of Independent Tibet
Stamps of Independent Tibet
Financial Assistance to Tibetan



His Holiness the Dalai Lama

The Panchen Lama

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Government on Controversy Surrounding Dorjee Shugden Practice

Songs for Official Ceremonies

Tibetan Musicians

Tibetan Medicine and Astrology

Tibetan Muslim

Tibetan Women

Films and Videos on Tibet

Tibet House Trust



THE OFFICE OF TIBET    or  Find the Nearest Office of Tibet
Tibet House, 1 Culworth Street
London NW8 7AF
Tel: 0044-20-7722 5378
Fax: 0044-20-7722 0362

  • 500 Tibet University students reported under arrest; Big Three monasteries under siege by Chinese security forces.

    Running battles reported at Labrang Monastery in Northeast Tibet, which has also been surrounded by security forces.

  • Stay tuned to Students for a Free Tibet’s latest information on protests in Tibet. is covering events in India as Tibetans attempt to march back into Tibet.

    Read the Statement by His Holiness the Dalai Lama on this year’s 49th anniversary of the 1959 Tibetan National Uprising.

    The tragic events in Tibet are the result of the intensified repression by China all over Tibet in the lead up to the 2008 Olympic Games. When it was awarded the Olympic Games in 2001, China’s government made promises to improve the human rights situation. But neither the IOC (International Olympic Committee) nor the sponsors have attempted to keep China to its word. Instead, their silence has encouraged China to continue with its repression in Tibet. It was foreseeable that sooner or later the situation would explode. The crackdown and the bloodshed could have been avoided. IOC has played a deplorable part in causing these tragic events. It is high time it should remove its head from the sand and speak out in defence of the Tibetan people!

  • Report phoned in from Lhasa, Saturday, March 15:

    “The situation is terrible. The person cried while talking to me and said that so many people had been killed. The chinese shot at everybody in sight and blood and piles of corpses are lying around the main temple Tsuglakhang in Lhasa. Many people have been put into prison where they are being beaten. Tibetans are being forced to beat up their own countrymen. Many Tibetans are refusing to do so. All travel has been banned. The person appealed for help.” <!– Sign on to Support Team Tibet
    at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing!
    Just released! “Tibet: A Human Development and Environment Report”,
    from the Dept. of Information and International Relations

    Tibet's Location
    Tibet in Relation to
    Her Neighbors

    Welcome! Tibet Online is operated by the international Tibet Support Group community, providing information on the plight of Tibet and serving as a virtual community space for the movement. This movement is dedicated to ending the suffering of the Tibetan people by returning the right of self-determination to the Tibetan people.

    Tibet’s ancient and fantastic civilization and ecosystem are faced with extinction due to 58 years of mismanagement and abuse under its colonial ruler, the People’s Republic of China. The ongoing destruction of Tibet will only be halted when the fate of Tibet is once again back in the hands of the Tibetans. Please contact a Tibet Support Group near you to find out what you can do to help!

    Featured Links:
    TibetNet, Tibetan Gov’t-in-Exile | International Tibet Support Network | The Tibetan People’s Uprising Movement
    Phayul – News and Views on Tibet by Tibetans | Support Team Tibet at the Olympics!_

    Kidnapped by the Chinese Government:
    Help Free the 11th Panchen Lama

    The Panchen Lama

  • China Olympic Games and Repression

    China Olympic Games and Repression

    Repression continues in China, before Olympic

    Myanmar democracy activists urge

    Olympics boycott


    Myanmar democracy activists called Monday on people across the world to boycott televised coverage of this summer’s Olympics in Beijing, in protest at China’s support for the ruling military junta.

    The 88 Generation Students group, which includes some of the country’s top pro-democracy leaders, also urged viewers against buying any merchandise linked to the Games.

    The Olympics are set to open on August 8, the 20th anniversary of a pro-democracy uprising led by students in Myanmar.

    The military, which has ruled the country formerly known as Burma since 1962, opened fire on the crowds, killing an estimated 3,000 people.

    Leaders of the uprising were handed lengthy prison sentences, but when released they formed the 88 Generation Student group.

    The group began new protests in August last year, harnessing public anger at a surprise hike in fuel prices that left many unable to afford even meagre bus fares to work.

    Many of the leaders were again arrested, but Buddhist monks took over the protest movement, which swelled into the biggest anti-government uprising since 1988.

    In a statement issued by leaders now in hiding, the group called “for citizens around the world to pressure the government of China to withdraw its unilateral support of the Burmese military junta and to boycott the 2008 Beijing Olympics.”

    “China is a major trade partner, major arms supplier and major defender of the junta in the international arena,” it said.

    “The military junta in Burma is still in power to this day, despite strong and continuous resistance by the people of Burma, because of China’s support.”

    The group said that instead of supporting the regime, China should help to facilitate a national dialogue among the military and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has spent 12 of the last 18 years under house arrest.

    The military last week announced that it had completed drafting a new constitution that it plans to bring to a referendum in May. The document would bar Aung San Suu Kyi, a Nobel peace prize winner, from running in elections now slated for 2010.


    Repression continues in China, one year before Olympic Games
    The Reporters Without Borders list of nine things the Chinese authorities must do before the Beijing Olympic Games:
    Reporters Without Borders also supports the eight demands of the Collectif Chine JO 2008 (China 2008 Olympics Collective), an alliance of nine human rights organisations based in France:
    Reporters Without Borders wrote to IOC Jacques Rogge in June 2007

    Repression continues in China,

    before Olympic Games

    When the International Olympic Committee assigned the 2008 summer Olympic Games to Beijing on 13 July 2001, the Chinese police were intensifying a crackdown on subversive elements, including Internet users and journalists. Six years later, nothing has changed. But despite the absence of any significant progress in free speech and human rights in China, the IOC’s members continue to turn a deaf ear to repeated appeals from international organisations that condemn the scale of the repression.

    From the outset, Reporters Without Borders has been opposed to holding the Olympic Games to Beijing. Now, a year before the opening ceremony, it is clear the Chinese government still sees the media and Internet as strategic sectors that cannot be left to the “hostile forces” denounced by President Hu Jintao. The departments of propaganda and public security and the cyber-police, all conservative bastions, implement censorship with scrupulous care.

    At least 30 journalists and 50 Internet users are currently detained in China. Some of them since the 1980s. The government blocks access to thousands for news websites. It jams the Chinese, Tibetan and Uyghur-language programmes of 10 international radio stations. After focusing on websites and chat forums, the authorities are now concentrating on blogs and video-sharing sites. China’s blog services incorporate all the filters that block keywords considered “subversive” by the censors. The law severely punishes “divulging state secrets,” “subversion” and “defamation” – charges that are regularly used to silence the most outspoken critics. Although the rules for foreign journalists have been relaxed, it is still impossible for the international media to employ Chinese journalists or to move about freely in Tibet and Xinjiang.

    Read more

    And continue to read these


    Support the international campaign by signing this petition that will be sent to Liu Qi, the president of the Beijing Organising Committee for the Games and secretary of the Beijing municipal committee of the Communist Party of China

    Support the international campaign by signing this petition that will be sent to Liu Qi, the president of the Beijing Organising Committee for the Games and secretary of the Beijing municipal committee of the Communist Party of China

    Pictures of the campaign

    See photos of the operations carried out in Beijing, Paris, New York…

    Media downloads

    Download the “Beijing 2008” campaign graphic
    Download the “Beijing 2008” web banner

    in this country

    15.10 – China
    Reporters Without Borders activists rally in front of Olympic museum in Lausanne as Chinese Communist Party’s 17th congress opens
    15.09 – China
    New York Times researcher Zhao Yan freed on completing jail term
    14.09 – China
    Arrests and incidents involving foreign journalists show government is not keeping Olympic Games promises
    31.08 – China
    Congress passes law censoring disaster coverage
    30.08 – China
    Calling for lawsuit’s dismissal, Yahoo! says it is “political and diplomatic issue”

    in the annual report

    China – Annual report 2007

    Chinese Difficulty is Burmese opportunity,

    Boycott China Olympic


    This blogger cut and pasted the original slogan ” British difficulty, is Burmese opportunity” which was a famous nationalist slogan during the British Colonial revolution.

    This blogger feels that the time is over due to start the campaign to boycott the Chinese Olympic as Chinese Communist Government has avoided its responsibility as a communist party to support the oppressed Burmese People against the Imperialist Military Junta.

    International community sees China as a new emerging superpower, which is able to play a pivotal role to solve the problem in country like North Korea and Sudan. Chinese Communist Government who has planned the Olympic , spent billions of Dollars for preparation, and for mega sports facilities for their up coming National Event.

    At the same time, Chinese communist authority must be very nervous for any negative effect towards the ” Chinese Olympic” which will be a prestigious event for the Modern China. This event will be remembered in the history of China as its legacy.

    Since Chinese Communist Government has blind eyes and deaf ears towards the 50 Million Burmese people’s voice, we should make Chinese Communist Government difficult and Shameful for supporting the world’s worse regime ” Military Junta of Burma”.

    To Burmese freedom fighters, this is the time we should start the slogan

    ” Chinese Difficulty is Burmese opportunity”

    This is the auspicious time , to start a campaign for boycotting the Chinese Olympic.

    Sit Mone

    Tibet clashes and Protests


    clashes and Protests

    Dalai Lama calls for probe


    Nepalese police officers charge at Tibetan protesters in Kathmandu, Nepal on Friday, March 14, 2008. Dozens of protestors were injured in a clash with police, in the protest against the Chinese rule in Tibet.

    Read more_

    Chinese actions in Tibet amount to a “cultural genocide”, Buddhist spiritual leader the Dalai Lama has said.

    He called for Tibet to be opened up to international observers so the full extent of the violent crackdown against protesters can be exposed.
    Speaking from India, where he leads the government in exile, he urged the international community to find out what the situation is in Tibet.

    Dalai Lama condemns

    Chinese ‘terror’ in Tibet

    DHARAMSHALA, India (AFP) – The Dalai Lama condemned on Sunday what he called China’s “rule of terror” and “cultural genocide” in Tibet, calling for an international probe into unrest in his homeland.

    Eighty people have been confirmed dead in the Himalayan region, the Tibetan government-in-exile said at its base in this northern Indian hill town, contradicting the Chinese official report of 10 fatalities in days of unrest.

    The dead included 26 people shot near a prison in the Tibetan capital Lhasa, aides to the Dalai Lama said.

    “They simply rely on using force in order to simulate peace, a peace brought by force using a rule of terror,” the Dalai Lama said in Dharamshala, his home since fleeing Tibet after a failed uprising against Chinese rule in 1959.

    The unrest in the vast Himalayan region, which began last week after the 49th anniversary of the 1959 revolt, is the biggest challenge to China’s rule there in nearly two decades.

    “Please investigate, if possible… some international organisation can try firstly to inquire about the situation in Tibet,” the Buddhist spiritual leader said.

    “Whether intentionally or unintentionally, some cultural genocide is taking place. There is some kind of discrimination: the Tibetans in their own land quite often are treated as second-class citizens,” the Dalai Lama added.

    “Some trusted group should go there and see how it happened,” added the Dalai Lama, who has long complained that Beijing is flooding Tibet with Han Chinese in order to make the Tibetans a minority in their homeland.

    But the Dalai Lama, a Nobel peace laureate, refrained from calling for a boycott of the Beijing Olympics in August, as many Tibetan exiles have been demanding.

    “The Chinese people… need to feel proud of it. China deserves to be a host of the Olympic Games,” he said, saying however that Beijing also needed to be “reminded to be a good host.”

    His comments came hours after China declared a “people’s war” in Tibet, and as witnesses reported repeated gunfire in the Tibetan capital on Saturday and a huge security build-up by Chinese forces there.

    On Sunday, Chinese security forces were said to be patrolling the streets of the now-calm but tense Tibetan capital.

    The Dalai Lama also appealed to China to recognise he wanted autonomy for Tibet, and not independence, and that his campaign was non-violent.

    “We are not seeking separation — that, everyone knows,” he said.

    The unrest in Tibet and a major Chinese crackdown prompted more furious protests on Sunday in Dharamshala, with activists nailing hundreds of Chinese flags to the ground for people to walk on.

    “China should stop the brutal crackdown and genocide,” said Sonam Darjee, a leader of the Tibetan Youth Congress — a pro-independence group which views the Dalai Lama’s call for greater autonomy as not going far enough.

    When asked if he was able to bring an end to Tibetan protests, the Dalai Lama said, “I have no such power.”

    “It’s a people’s movement, I consider myself a people’s servant, I cannot ask people not to do this, not to do that,” he said.

    But “everyone knows my principle — knows (it is) completely non-violence… Violence is almost like suicide.”

    He denied Chinese charges he was linked to the unrest.

    “The Chinese accuse me of creating these problems but I am actually not — I consider myself a spokesman for the Tibetan people,” he said.

    At the same time, the Dalai Lama said a growing number of Chinese “are showing solidarity with us.”

    “Chinese scholars and government officials privately support our ‘middle way’ approach,” he said.

    “Genuine harmony must come from the heart on the basis of trust, free of fear.”

     Tibetan exile group says

    about 100 protesters killed in Tibet

    Dharamsala, March 15, 2008

    Chinese police have killed about 100 Tibetan demonstrators and injured many more during protests against Chinese rule, Tibet’s main exile group said on Saturday, quoting unconfirmed sources.

    The Tibetan government in exile, based in the north Indian town of Dharmsala, offered no details in its statement, and gave no details on its sources.

    The report came after protests by Buddhist monks in Tibet turned violent, with shops and vehicles set on fire and gunshots fired on the streets of the region’s capital, Lhasa. Earlier reports have given lower death tolls. China’s official Xinhua News Agency said 10 people had been killed.

    But it is extremely difficult to get independent verification of events in Tibet since China maintains rigid control over the area. Foreigners need special travel permits, and journalists are rarely granted access except under highly controlled circumstances.

     ’80 killed’ in Tibet clashes

    At least 80 people have been killed in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa during a Chinese crackdown on protests, the Tibetan government in exile has said.

    At least 72 more people have been injured as violence spread on to the streets, the spokesman added.

    Exiles in the UK vented their anger by banging on the doors of the Chinese embassy in London and urging the UK to “end its silence” over rights abuses.

    Tibet Protests Spread to Other Provinces

    Associated Press


    Violence in Tibet spilled over into neighboring provinces Sunday where Tibetan protesters defied a Chinese government crackdown. The Dalai Lama warned Tibet faced “cultural genocide” and appealed to the world for help.

    Protests against Chinese rule of Tibet were reported in neighboring Sichuan and Qinghai provinces and also in western Gansu province. All are home to sizable Tibetan populations.

    The demonstrations come after protests in the Tibetan capital Lhasa escalated into violence Friday, with Buddhist monks and others torching police cars and shops in the fiercest challenge to Beijing’s rule over the region in nearly two decades.

    “Whether intentionally or unintentionally, some kind of cultural genocide is taking place,” said the Dalai Lama, the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader. He was referring to China’s policy of encouraging the ethnic Han majority to migrate to Tibet, restrictions on Buddhist temples and re-education programs for monks.

    He told reporters in Dharmsala, the north Indian town where Tibet’s self-declared government-in-exile is based, that an international body should investigate the government’s crackdown on the Lhasa protests.

    Tibet was effectively independent for decades before Chinese communist troops entered in 1950. The latest unrest began March 10 on the anniversary of a 1959 uprising against Chinese rule of Tibet.

    The protests are an embarrassment for China, coming just weeks before the Beijing Summer Olympics ceremonies kick off with the torch relay, which is set to pass through Tibet.

    Thubten Samphel, a spokesman for the Dalai Lama’s government in exile, said multiple sources inside Tibet had counted at least 80 corpses since the violence broke out Friday. He did not know how many of the bodies were protesters. On Friday, the exiled government said at least 30 protesters had been killed by Chinese authorities and the number could be as high as 100.

    The official Chinese Xinhua News Agency has said at least 10 civilians were burned to death Friday. The figures could not be independently verified because China restricts foreign media access to Tibet.

    In Sichuan province, Tibetan monks and police clashed Sunday in Aba county after the monks staged a protest, said a resident there who refused to give his name. He said one policeman had been killed and three or four police vans had been set on fire.

    The India-based Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy said at least seven people have been shot dead in the county. There was no way of immediately confirming the claim.

    In Qinghai province, 100 monks defied a directive confining them to Rongwo Monastery in Tongren city by climbing a hill behind the monastery, where they set off fireworks and burned incense to protest the crackdown in Tibet.

    Businesses were shuttered, and about 30 riot police with shields took up posts near the monastery. Police forced journalists to delete photographs of police.

    In western Gansu province, more than 100 students protested at a university in Lanzhou, according to Matt Whitticase of London-based activist group Free Tibet.

    A curfew was imposed in Xiahe city in Gansu province on Sunday, a day after police fired tear gas on a 1,000 protesters, including Buddhist monks and ordinary citizens, who had marched from the historic Labrang monastery.

    Large communities of ethnic Tibetans live far outside modern Tibet in areas that were the Himalayan region’s eastern and northeastern provinces of Amdo and Kham until the communist takeover in 1951. Those areas were later split off by Beijing to become the Chinese province of Qinghai and part of Sichuan province.

    Lhasa appeared to remain under a curfew on Sunday, though some people and cars were seen on the streets during daylight. The government has not announced the curfew but residents said authorities have warned them not to go outside for several days now.

    Hong Kong Cable TV said about 200 military vehicles each carrying dozens of armed soldiers, drove into the center of Lhasa on Sunday. The footage showed mostly empty streets, but for armored and military vehicles patrolling and soldiers searching buildings.

    Loudspeakers on the streets repeatedly broadcast slogans urging residents to “discern between enemies and friends, maintain order.”

    Xinhua said most shops in the Old Town area of Lhasa, which saw the brunt of the violence, were still closed Sunday. It said some shops in other parts of the town had reopened.

    China’s communist government is hoping Beijing’s hosting of the Aug. 8-24 Olympics will boost its popularity at home as well as its image abroad. But the event has already attracted international scrutiny of China’s human rights record and its pollution problems.

    International criticism of the crackdown in Tibet so far has been mild, with no threats of an Olympic boycott or other sanctions. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice called Sunday on China “to exercise restraint in dealing with the protests.”

    Rice said she was “concerned by reports of a sharply increased police and military presence in and around Lhasa.” Her statement urged China to release those jailed for protesting.

    International Olympic Committee president Jacques Rogge said Saturday he opposed an Olympic boycott over Tibet.

    Dalai Lama says

    China relies on force to achieve peace

    Reuters Dharamsala

    The Dalai Lama said on Sunday that there should be an investigation into whether cultural genocide, intentional or not, was taking place in Tibet, and said China was relying on force to achieve peace.

    Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader said that the international community had the “moral responsibility” to remind China to be a good host for the Olympic Games, but added that China deserved to host the Games.

    He called for an investigation to “whether intentionally or unintentionally cultural genocide is taking place”.

    “The Tibet nation is facing serious danger. Whether China’s government admits or not, there is a problem,” he told a news conference at his base of Dharamsala in northern India.

    “The Olympics should not be called off,” he said.

    There was no immediate comment from China’s foreign ministry.

    On Sunday, police and troops locked down Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, two days after ugly street protests against Chinese rule that the contested region’s government-in-exile said had killed 80 people.

    Monks first took to the streets of Tibet last Monday to mark the 49th anniversary of an earlier uprising, and protests soon spread to adjoining regions inhabited by pockets of Tibetans.

     Amid crackdown, exiles raise

    ‘Tibetan Olympic’ torch

    Agence France-Presse

    Tibetan exiles in Japan hoisted an alternative Olympic torch on Sunday in a bid to ramp up pressure on China over its crackdown on their homeland before the world’s athletes head to Beijing in August.Some 100 exiles and their supporters ran through central Tokyo’s Yoyogi park relaying the “Tibetan Olympics” torch and waving flags while shouting “Free Tibet” and “China, get out of Tibet.”

    “We are questioning China,” said Rinchen, a Tibetan exile in Japan who uses one name. “There are such violations of human rights in China. But will they still hold the Olympics? It’s an event for peace.”

    The torch relay is part of the “Tibetan Olympics” that refugees from the Chinese-ruled territory plan to hold in May in the Indian mountain town of Dharamshala, the home in exile of their spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama.

    Organisers said in a statement that they hoped to “highlight the paradox of the 2008 Beijing Olympics – the world’s most respectful and peaceful sporting event in one of the most repressive and brutal countries.”

    The Tibetan torch has already travelled to Australia and Taiwan and will head next to Hawaii. It will cross the Americas, Europe and Africa before returning to Dharamshala.

    The torch relay came days after the biggest protests in nearly two decades erupted in Tibet, where many residents resent what they see as Chinese attempts to destroy their Buddhist culture.

    China’s state-run press said the riots left 10 people dead while Tibet’s government-in-exile in Dharamshala said about 80 people had been confirmed killed and it had received unconfirmed reports of as many as 100 fatalities.

     Taiwan presidential hopeful

    raises Tibet spectre

    TAIPEI (XFN-ASIA) – The governing party candidate for Taiwan’s presidential election warned today that the island could go the way of Tibet under Chinese rule as he rallied supporters for a final campaign push.

    Frank Hsieh accused China of bullying and urged voters to sweep him to victory in the March 22 vote past frontrunner Ma Ying-jeou of the opposition Kuomintang.

    Ma favours closer ties with Beijing and has proposed a common market with China to promote trade between the traditional foes.

    Hsieh used a rally here to warn of a repeat of the violence that has swept Tibet in recent days, amid reports of gunfire and tanks on the streets to put down the biggest uprising against Chinese rule in nearly 20 years.

    ‘If Taiwan’s future is to be decided by people on both sides of the strait, what has happened in Tibet today will be Taiwan’s future,’ he told a crowd of tens of thousands of supporters, some of whom waved Free Tibet posters.

    China sent soldiers into Tibet in 1950 to ‘liberate’ the Himalayan region, and officially annexed it a year later.

    Hsieh and his pro-independence Democratic Progressive (nyse: PGRnews people ) Party often cite the spectre of an invasion to denounce closer ties with Beijing.

    ‘We are standing here to oppose a one-China market… to oppose a bullying one-China,’ Hsieh added.

    ‘We will reverse the tide,’ he vowed, using a campaign slogan referring to opinion polls that put him 20 points behind Ma.

    Meanwhile, in southern Taiwan, Ma rallied his own supporters in similarly festive mood, balloons bearing the symbol of a horse, a homophone of his last name.

    Protest over Tibet clashes

    Tibetan exiles in the UK have vented their anger against China amid escalating violence in their homeland.

    Protesters banged on the doors of the Chinese embassy in London and the UK was urged to “end its silence” over human rights abuses in the region.

    The Tibetan government in exile said as many as 100 civilians have been killed by security forces in recent days as violence spread on to the streets.

    Tibetan protest rocks Toorak

    ANGRY demonstrators hurled eggs and water bottles at the Chinese consulate in Melbourne yesterday in protest against China’s iron-fisted rule over Tibet.

    More than 100 Tibetans and their supporters rallied outside the consulate in Toorak and the peaceful affair quickly turned rowdy.

    A handful of demonstrators repeatedly surged towards the consulate’s gates, before being pushed back by police.

    At one point, a car driven by an unidentified Chinese man was pelted with eggs and battered with flagpoles as it swept into the consulate.

    Australia Tibet Council campaigns co-ordinator Simon Bradshaw said the protesters were releasing decades of pent-up frustration at China’s occupation of their homeland.

    “Everyone’s now aware of the way things have escalated in Lhasa,” he said.

    “I think it’s made it very clear that China’s rule in Tibet isn’t working.”

    Foreign tourists in Lhasa told of the fear and chaos that gripped the Tibetan capital as violence erupted before Chinese authorities seized control in a huge show of force.

    “I saw a lot of people with wounded heads and blood and ambulances and tanks and policemen all over,” said Danish tourist Bente Walle, 58.

    But the president of the International Olympic Committee, Jacques Rogge, yesterday rebuffed calls for a boycott of the Beijing Games over China’s crackdown in Tibet, saying it would only hurt athletes.

     IOC rejects Games boycott

    The president of the International Olympic Committee has poured cold water on calls for a boycott of the Beijing Games over China’s crackdown in Tibet.

    Jacques Rogge said: “We believe that the boycott doesn’t solve anything”, adding that it would penalises innocent athletes and harm a worthwhile event.

    China has ordered tourists out of Tibet’s capital and troops patrolled the streets a day after deadly clashes.
    Tibet: India expresses distress, urges dialogue

    Special Correspondent

    NEW DELHI: India on Saturday expressed distress at the deaths in the unrest in Lhasa but pointed out that Tibet was part of China, distancing itself from demands for independence being made by Tibetans.

    This is the second time India has expressed its views on the unrest in Tibet.

    In a statement earlier this week, India had said it would not allow any anti-Chinese activity on its territory.

    To a question on the recent developments in Lhasa, the Foreign Office said: “We are distressed by reports of the unsettled situation and violence in Lhasa, and by the deaths of innocent people. We would hope that all those involved will work to improve the situation and remove the causes of such trouble in Tibet, which is an autonomous region of China, through dialogue and non-violent means.”

    India had earlier stated that its law and order machinery was competent to deal with any protests on its soil. In response to the threats by Tibetans based at Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh to cross the border, New Delhi said any person, irrespective of nationality, would be dealt with firmly if found without valid travel documents.

    ‘Watching the situation’

    PTI reports:

    Earlier in the day, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee said on the sidelines of a conference in Chandigarh that India was “watching the situation.” As Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was out of New Delhi on Friday, the issue could not be discussed, Mr. Mukhe rjee said.

    Chinese security

    deployed in Nepal

    after Tibet unrest: officials

    LIPANG VILLAGE, Nepal-China border (AFP) — China has deployed security personnel inside neighbouring Nepal to keep an eye out for protests by pro-Tibetan groups, Nepali officials have said.

    Plain-clothes Chinese officers could be seen on Saturday on the Nepali side of the border with Tibet, and even blocked an AFP correspondent and photographer from working on Nepali soil near the main border crossing with Chinese-controlled Tibet.

    The cross-border security measures come after unrest in Tibet and a major clampdown in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital.

    “Because of the situation in Lhasa, there are a lot more plain-clothes Chinese armed police on the Nepal side,” explained a senior Nepali military official who asked not to be named.

    “In India, there are Tibetan exiles starting marches to Tibet, and the Chinese are scared the same thing could happen here,” the military official told AFP from the border crossing near Lipang village, 70 kilometres (44 miles) northwest of Kathmandu.

    Another Nepali border official confirmed the presence of Chinese security officials inside Nepal.

    “Before, there were very few Chinese security on our side, but since the protest in Lhasa, there has been at least six Chinese security officials on the Nepali side of the border post all the time. Sometimes, there are as many as 12,” said the Nepali border official, who also asked not to be named.

    An AFP photographer was challenged by 10 Chinese security officials in civilian clothing and uniforms more than 200 metres (yards) inside Nepali territory, and ordered to erase his images of the area.

    “We are a very small country. China is very powerful so we must do what the Chinese tell us,” said the Nepali official, while refusing to say if Chinese security officials were allowed to detain people inside Nepal.

    Landlocked and impoverished Nepal, which is wedged between Asian giants India and China, officially backs its northern neighbour’s “One China policy,” which sees Tibet and Taiwan as an integral part of China.

    Nepal hosts thousands of Tibetan refugees, and each year about 2,500 Tibetans make the dangerous journey across the Himalayas from Tibet into Nepal on their way to Dharamshala — the home of the exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama — in northern India.

    Travellers also described security on the Tibetan side of the border as tight.

    “They’ve put up more barriers on the road and there are a lot more army and police around,” said Keshab Timilsina, a Nepali truck driver who plies the road between Nepal and China.

    Although the border appeared to be open to local travellers and traders, Nepali tour operators said they had been told not to bring in foreign tour groups.

    “Our operator in Tibet is saying that the groups cannot come through the border any longer, and we are hearing that people who were on their way to Lhasa from Kathmandu are being turned around,” said a tour operator, who also asked not to be named.

    YouTube blocked in China

    after Tibet clips appear

    BEIJING: Access to YouTube in China was denied on Sunday after footage of recent deadly protests in Tibet appeared on the video posting site.Attempts to call up the site met with a blank screen and an error message saying the web page could not be displayed.

    The access problems came after video clips began appearing on the site showing violent unrest in the Tibetan capital Lhasa that triggered a virtual lockdown of the city by security forces.

    China, which strictly controls access to information, has kept a tight lid on news out of Lhasa, with foreign journalists being denied access and foreign tourists ordered out of the city.

    The only footage broadcast by state-run media so far has been a short clip showing Tibetan rioters in the city destroying Chinese shops, but nothing has been released on the resulting crackdown by police.

    China’s official death count puts the toll at 10, but the India-based Tibetan government-in-exile says at least 80 deaths have been confirmed.

    China also has been regularly blacking out the domestic feed of CNN whenever it runs a story about the Tibet unrest.

    Access to popular Chinese-language video posts such as were operational on Sunday but a search for videos of the Tibet violence came back with no results.

    In late January, China introduced new restrictions on posting online video that critics saw as an extension of the Communist Party’s tight noose on the nation’s media outlets.

    Amid China’s information clampdown, the Internet has provided a rare window into the situation, with amateur video and pictures popping up on websites around the world.

    Riots-hit Lhasa tense;

    China launches ‘people’s war’

    Beijing (PTI): Chinese security forces poured into a tense but relatively peaceful Lhasa even as the local government on Sunday launched a “people’s war” to crush the massive pro-independence protests, ahead of the deadline to agitating Tibetans to surrender.

    No fresh bloodletting was reported in the riots-scarred Tibetan capital Lhasa where 10 people were killed and 12 security personnel injured after the protests launched as part of the stir to mark the 49th anniversary of the failed Tibetan uprising against the 57-year Chinese rule turned violent.

    However, rights groups claimed that seven people were killed on Sunday after the violent protests spilled to nearby provinces of Sichuan, Qinghai and Gansu with significant Tibetan population.

    A day after setting a Monday deadline for rioters to surrender or face punishment, Tibetan political and security chiefs declared a “people’s war” against the protesters and vowed to “expose” the Dalai Lama group.

    “We must wage a people’s war to beat splittism and expose and condemn the malicious acts of these hostile forces and expose the hideous face of the Dalai Lama group to the light of day,” they were quoted as saying by media after an emergency meeting.

    International pressure mounted on Beijing to show restraint in handling the protests that convulsed Tibet at a time when Beijing is going all out to showcase China through the Olympic eyes.

    A Letter from Barack Hussein Obama and half-past-six Burma

    A Letter from Barack Hussein Obama

    and half-past-six Burma 

    • Originally by_ Dr Azly Rahman
    • I copied from the website of_ DYMM Raja Petra   
    • Based on that core, I have added alot of my remarks and facts about Burma.
    • This is what I will bring to the office of the Presidency of the United States . I will deal with Muslims from a position of familiarity and respect and at this time in the history of our nation that is something sorely needed.

      Even the Burmese opposition leaders and activists wish to maintain the status quo with the excuse of secularism, even refused to allow the Muslims to highlight their sufferings, Racial Discriminations and Religious Suppressions.

      The Muslim heritage of my family

      Barack Hussein Obama

      There has been a lot made in the recent weeks about the Muslim history of my family. Some of the things that have been said are true, others are false, so I am writing this letter to clear up the misunderstandings on this issue.

      Yes, it is true that I have a name that is common amongst Kenyan Muslims where my father came from and that my middle name is Hussein. Barack is a name which means “blessing” and Hussein is a masculine form of the word beauty. 

      Continue reading

    Burmese Chinese

      Burmese Chinese

    The Burmese Chinese or Chinese Burmese are a group of overseas Chinese born or raised in Burma (Myanmar).

    Although the Chinese officially make up three percent of the population, this figure may be underestimated because of _

    1. intermarriage between them and the ethnic Bamar,
    2. and because of widespread discrimination against minorities (which compels many to declare themselves as Bamar when applying for birth certificate or national identification card).

    The Burmese Chinese_

    1. dominate the Burmese economy,
    2. have a disproportionately high percentage of the educated class.

    Generally, the Burmese Chinese in Lower Burma fall into three main groups:

    1. Burmese called eingyi shay, or let shay lit. long-sleeved shirts to Hokkien and Hakkas from Fujian Province
    2.  Burmese called eingyi to, or let to lit. short-sleeved shirts to Cantonese and Hakka   from Guangdong Province
    3. So Burmese sometimes called zaka, lit. mid-length sleeve to all the Hakka  from Fujian and Guangdong provinces.
    4. But Hakkas are further subdivided into those with
    5. ancestry from Fujian Province, called ein-gyi shay ha-ka
    6. and Guangdong Province, eingyi to haka respectively.

    The Hokkien and Cantonese comprise 45% of the ethnic Chinese population.

    The groups have different stereotypical associations.

    1. The Cantonese are commonly thought of as the poorest of the Chinese,
    2. the Hokkiens are generally wealthier,
    3. occupying high positions in the economy,
    4. and having connections to the government.

    In Upper Burma and Shan Hills,

    1. the Panthay
    2. and Kokang, are speakers of a Mandarin dialect of the Southwestern Mandarin branch, most akin to Yunnanese.

    Combined, they form 21% of Burmese Chinese.

    Kokang are_

    1. mountain-dwellers
    2. and farmers
    3. classified as a part of the Shan national race, although they have no linguistic or genetic affinity to the Tai-Kadai-speaking Shan.

    Muslim Panthay_

    1. are considered as separate local nationalities
    2. rather than a Chinese diaspora community.

    The Tayoke kabya of mixed Chinese and indigenous Burmese parentage.

    1. The kabya (Burmese: mixed heritage) have a tendency to follow the customs of the Chinese more than of the Burmese.
    2. Indeed those that follow Burmese customs are absorbed into and largely indistinguishable from the mainstream Burmese society.
    3. A large portion of Burmese is thought to have some kabya blood,
    4. because immigrants could acquire Burmese citizenship through intermarriage with the indigenous Burmese peoples.



    Now, we see the Muslims and Indians participating in the monks led peoples protesting. However, the Chinese seem to be curiously missing – in shape or form – within the context of the current protests.

    Are they against the current protests or in support of the protests? Or simply indifferent to any of this since they already have a stronghold over Burma’s economy and anything that takes attention away from them would be positive?

    Either way, the bigger question here is not a question of why aren’t the Chinese involved in these protest rather when will the Chinese get involved. The bottom line is why do the minorities, specifically the Chinese and the so called Indians or Muslims, continue to feel disenfranchised?


    1. Most Burmese Chinese typically speak Burmese as their mother tongue.
    2. Those with higher education also speak Mandarin
    3. Those with higher education also speak Mandarin and/or English.
    4. Some modern educated use English.
    5. Some use, Chinese dialects/languages.
      • Hokkien is mostly used in Yangon as well as in Lower Burma,
      • while Taishan Cantonese and
      • Yunnanese Mandarin are well preserved in Upper Burma.

    Conditions of Chinese-language schools_

    1. General Ne Win’s (1962-1988) banned on the Chinese-language schools caused a decline of Mandarin speakers.
    2. Chinese schools are growing again nowadays because of the increase in investors and businessmen from Mainland China and Taiwan, who uses Standard Mandarin,


    Most Burmese Chinese practice_

    1. Theravada Buddhism,
    2. incorporating some Mahayana Buddhist
    3. and Taoist beliefs,
      • such as the worship of Kuan Yin.
      • Chinese New Year celebrations,
      • as well as other Chinese festivals, are subdued and held privately.
      • Clan associations are often the only places where the Chinese culture is retained.

    The Panthay or Chinese Muslims practice Islam.


    The Burmese Chinese_

    1. place a high importance on education,
    2. a disproportionate big share with advanced (medical, engineering or doctorate) degrees. (SOA’s note: it is partly because Muslims are labeled Kala and denied the place for postgraduate educations. The Chinese not only escaped that kind of discrimination but they got the special privileges given by the Chinese blooded political, military and education authorities.)
    3. The number would be higher still had it not been for the longstanding ban on those without Burmese citizenship from pursuing advanced degrees.
    4. Nowadays, many wealthy Burmese Chinese send their children overseas for further studies especially in US, UK, Canada, Australia, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore.


    The Burmese Chinese have_

    1. Burmese names
    2. and many also have Chinese names.

    Names in various Chinese dialects are roughly transliterated into the Burmese.

    1. For example, a person named ‘Khin Aung’ may have the Chinese name of 慶豐 (pinyin: Qìngfēng), with ‘慶’ (pinyin: qìng) corresponding to ‘Khin’, and ‘豐’ (pinyin: fēng) corresponding to ‘Aung’.
    2. However, variations of transcription do exist (between dialects),
    3. and some Burmese Chinese do not choose to adopt similar-sounding Burmese and Chinese names.
    4. Because the Burmese lack surnames, many Burmese Chinese tend to pass on portions of their given names to future generations, for the purpose of denoting lineage.

    According to publications of Longsei Tang, a clan association based in Yangon, the ten most common Chinese surnames in Yangon are:

    1. Li (李)
    2. Peng (彭)
    3. Shi (時)
    4. Dong (董)
    5. Min (閔)
    6. Niu (牛)
    7. Bian (邊)
    8. Xin (辛)
    9. Guan (關)
    10. Tsui/Hsu(徐)


    The Burmese Chinese cuisine is based on Chinese cuisine, particularly from

    1. Fujian,
    2. Guangdong
    3. and Yunnan provinces, with local influences.
    4. Spices such as turmeric and chili are commonly used.
      • Pauk si
      • Bhè kin
      • Igyakway
      • Htamin kyaw
      • La mont
      • Mewswan
      • San-byoat
      • Panthay khaukswè
      • Sigyet khaukswè


    1. The earliest records of Chinese migration were in the Song and Ming dynasties.
    2. In the 1700s, Ming Dynasty princes settled in Kokang (the northern part of Burma).
    3. Chinese traders, however, traveled up to the capital city, northern towns on the Irrawaddy such as Bhamo.
    4. There was a Chinese community at Amarapura.
    5. Another wave of immigration occurred in the 1800s under the British rule.
    6. They came to Burma via Malaysia.
    7. When the Chinese Communists expelled the Kuomintang, many fled to Burma and Thailand over the borders of Yunnan Province.
    8. The Burmese government fought and removed the armed KMT and forced them to Taiwan; those who managed to stay prospered.
    9. The Chinese dominate the highly lucrative rice and gem industries.
    10. Many became merchants and traders owning both wholesale and retail businesses.
    11. The northern region of Burma has seen an influx of mainland Chinese immigrant workers, black market traders and gamblers.
    12. In the Kachin State, which borders China in three directions, Mandarin Chinese is the lingua franca.

     They integrated well into Burmese society because they, like the Bamar,

    1. were of Sino-Tibetan stock
    2. and were Buddhists,

    Their success_

    1. is reflected in the Burmese saying, “Earn like the Chinese, save like the Indian, and don’t waste money like the Bamar”.
    2. They got the nickname pauk hpaw (lit. sibling).
    3. During the 1950s, Burma was one of the first countries to recognize the People’s Republic of China as a nation.

    However, its own Chinese population was treated as aliens.

    1. The Burmese Chinese were issued foreign registration cards (FRC), which declared that they were citizens of China.
    2. A similar discrimination policy was set up for Indians.

    In 1962, Ne Win led a coup d’état and declared himself head of state. Although a kabya himself, he banned Chinese-language education, and created other measures to compel the Chinese to leave.

    1. Ne Win’s government stoked up racial animosity and ethnic conflicts against the Chinese, who were terrorized by Burmese citizens, the most violent riots taking place at the time of the Cultural Revolution in China.
    2. When Ne Win implemented the “Burmese Way to Socialism”, a plan to nationalize all industries, the livelihoods of many entrepreneurial Chinese were destroyed and some 100,000 Chinese left the country.
    3. All schools were nationalized, including Chinese-language schools.

     Beginning in 1967 and continuing throughout the 1970s, anti-Chinese riots continued to flare up and many believed they were covertly supported by the government.

    1. Many Burmese Chinese left the country during Ne Win’s rule, largely because of a failing economy and widespread discrimination.
    2. The first government-sponsored racial riots to take place in Burma was in 1967, during General Ne Win’s rule. In the riots, the general populace went on a killing spree because of sedition and instigation against the Chinese by various government departments.
    3. The massacre lasted for about five consecutive days, during which thousands of Chinese died or were left dying in the streets of Rangoon. Some of the Chinese were thrown alive from the second and third floors of buildings in downtown Rangoon. The dead and wounded Chinese were hauled up unceremoniously and dumped onto army trucks and taken to ‘htauk kyan’ incinerators and the ‘carcasses’ were sent up in smoke.
    4. That showed the true bestial and cruel side of the character of the ruling Burma Military Junta. The only “crime” the Chinese committed was the wearing of Chairman Mao’s badges on their shirts.
    5. Latha Secondary School was torched by the henchmen of General Ne Win’s government, where school girls were burnt alive.
    6. Chinese shops were looted and set on fire.
    7. Public attention was successfully diverted by Ne Win from the uncontrollable inflation, scarcity of consumer items and rising prices of rice.

    Today, the majority of Burmese Chinese live in the major cities of_

    1. Yangon,
    2. Mandalay,
    3. Taunggyi,
    4. Bago, and their surrounding areas.
    5. According to Global Witness, 30 to 40% of Mandalay’s population consists of ethnic Chinese.
    6. Although there are Chinatowns (tayoke tan) in the major cities, the Chinese are widely dispersed.

    Notable Burmese Chinese

    1. Aung Gyi leading army dissident and Ne Win’s former deputy/co-conspirator in the 1962 coup
    2. Aw Boon Haw (Hakka) – Inventor of Tiger Balm
    3. Aw Boon Par (Hakka) – Brother of Aw Boon Haw
    4. Eike Htun (Kokang) – Managing director of Olympic Construction Co. and deputy chairman of Asia Wealth Bank, two large conglomerates in Burma
    5. Khun Sa (Kokang) – Major Southeast Asian druglord
    6. Khin Nyunt – Former Prime Minister (2003-2004) and Chief of Intelligence (1983-2004) of Myanmar
    7. Lo Hsing Han (Kokang) – Major Southeast Asian druglord
    8. Steven Law (also known as Tun Myint Naing; Kokang) – Managing director of Asia World Company, a major Burmese conglomerate and son of Lo Hsing Han
    9. Ne Win (Hakka) – Leader of Burma from 1960s to 1980s
    10. San Yu (Hakka) – President of Burma in the 1980s
    11. Serge Pun – Proprietor of Yoma Bank, a major banking chain in Myanmar and chairman of First Myanmar Investment Co. Ltd (FMI), one of Myanmar’s leading investment companies
    12. Taw Sein Ko (Hokkien) – eminent Director of Archaeology (1901-1915)
    13. Thakin Ba Thein Tin – Communist leader from the 1970s to the 1990s
    14. Maung Aye – Vice chairman of SPDC and Chief of Staff of Armed Forces
    15. Major General Kat Sein – former Minister of Health
    16. Dr. Kyaw Myint – Present Minister of Health
    17. Myo Thant – Former Minister of Information under SLORC
    18. Colonel Tan Yu Sai – Minister of Trade under Ne Win’s government
    19. Colonel Kyi Maung– NLD member (1989-2004) and Army Commander of Rangoon in 1960s
    20. U Thaung – Minister of Labour & Technical Science, Retired Legion and Ambassador
    21. Lun Thi – Minister of Energy
    22. Thein Sein – First Secretary of SPDC
    23. Kyaw Ba – General Formal Minister of Hotel and Tourism