Push now for the real civilian democratic government for Myanmar

  Push now for the real civilian democratic

government for Myanmar

Modified and edited the original letter in Malaysiakini written by Yogeswaran Subramaniam.

I have edited and adapted to the Myanmar context from the original article. I hope that Yogeswaran Subramaniam and Malaysiakini could understand and forgive us for this. They should even be proud that they could contribute a very good article for the fellow Myanmar/Burmese citizens.

The results of the 1990 General Elections are indeed a heartening sign for all Myanmars/Burmese who believe in the basic tenets of democracy. In what that seemed to be a long lost phenomenon in Burma a majority of the general voting public demonstrated their willingness to participate in the democratic process by voting out the parties affiliated to the ruling military government.

All the Burmese citizens and most of the world hailed the outcome as a fundamental paradigm shift in Burmese politics saying that it will never be the same again. And who can say that they were wrong? The result signified both a symbolic and ideological change in Myanmar Military Dictators’ prestige and legitimacy.

Having said all this, what now, SPDC? It would seem that the paradigm shift only means new challenges for the new-look Myanmar Military government disguised as civilian politicians and its people would stay downtrodden forever as before.

True enough that the ruling Myanmar Military Junta now is going to approve with impunity in the coming referendum its one sided constitution by hook or by crook. They had rejected the independent pool observers from abroad. Not even from UN nor ASEAN nor China nor India nor Thailand. They will continue to do all of what they wanted to do and had also already been done while they had the power. Given the Tatmadaw’s power, it would be extremely difficult if not impossible for the opposition to undo the damage done to constitutional rights that have been severely denied over the years under military dictators.

The mere existence of a ‘strong’ support from around does not mean that the Burmese people can sit on their laurels and expect change to happen. Previously overwhelming majorities for the NLD coupled with strong outside support did not necessarily propagate change so there is no reason to take it for granted that Tatmadaw will give true democracy

The sad reality is that systemic corruption, the lack of transparency, imminent worldwide economic woes and the continued military monopoly policy all require urgent action.

The people must therefore be vigilant in constantly reviewing the progress made on the not impressive roadmap and guided or deciplined democracy so proudly flaunted by SPDC before the referendum. As demonstrated prior to the 1990 election, the people must continue to voice out and express their dissatisfaction when they have been wronged.

The people of Burma must made sure that these referendum and elections would see change in the military government by the people and of the people, let us now push for government for the people!

Life beyond Referendum

Life beyond Referendum

_ by Thuria Tayza (He sent this e-mail to me)

The referendum is coming. Regardless of political opposition’s denunciation of it as a sham, a sham referendum for a pro-military constitution drafted by a convention of much compliant delegates hand-picked by the military; and despite United Nations’ request to the junta to formulate a more inclusive and more transparent process, the de facto military rulers of Burma are going ahead with their planned referendum where existing and newly crafted laws threaten any body who dares to speak anything against it will face long prison sentences, which in Burma usually comes with an automatic bonus of tortures and ill-treatments. The military junta has rejected United Nations’ proposal to send UN monitors for the referendum. Notwithstanding the plan to hold constitutional referendum in May, majority of people in Burma haven’t seen the draft constitution; actually they don’t even know yet when exactly the referendum will be. Electoral registers are not yet complete, virtually non existent in many remote places of Burma where at least half of the country is either covered by jungles or on difficult terrains of steep hills and tall mountains. In spite of all these it is quite certain, at least for the junta, that the result of the referendum will be a “Yes”, that is even if people actually vote “No” in an overwhelming majority. The referendum is just a formality for the junta to enable them to announce that Burma has been given a new constitution, whether people like it or loathe it. That’s why junta has already declared that general elections will be held in 2010 under the new constitution which is yet to be approved by referendum!

Even though people loathe it and international community denounce it, the new constitution is going to be a very useful tool for the junta. After brutally killing dozens of Buddhist monks in a peaceful demonstration for better living conditions and improved human rights in Burma last year, the military junta came under immense pressure from United Nations and wide ranging sanctions from all self-respecting democratic governments around the world. Even junta’s main sponsor, communist Chinese government, felt embarrassed by Burmese Generals’ blatant breach of human rights. And there is a personal need for Senior General Than Shwe, the supreme leader of junta, who is alleged to be suffering from severe hypertension, diabetes and some intestinal tumours, to get a safe way out before he dies to leave a secure future for his family and a powerful legacy for his loyal followers in the military. A new civilian government, controlled by the military from behind the scene, under the new constitution will give Gen. Than Shwe a chance to claim that he has given a disciplined democracy to Burma. He has already time and again emphasized that Burma’s democracy will be in Burmese style, not American style. And junta’s big brothers China and Russia, and neighbouring countries like India and Thailand who want to get natural gas at a cheap price from Burmese generals will endorse junta’s claims of achieving disciplined democracy in Burma. So, although every self-respecting politician in the democratic hemisphere knows that Burmese people have been given a very bad deal for a fake democracy by their military government, the establishing of a so called disciplined democracy will buy Burmese generals some credibility in other hemisphere influenced by China, Russia and India.

As it is, the political opposition inside Burma and in exile know the fate awaiting them beyond the referendum. But, as terribly weak they are, as dreadfully disunited they are, and as woefully disorganized they are, the political opposition have no ways and means, i.e. no political institution or influence, to stop the referendum, or even to disrupt it. Since all brave and bold activists have been put behind bars during the Saffron Revolution last year, only a few elderly politicians are remaining outside jail, and they are these days just acting as care takers of the apparently exhausted main opposition party, looking forward with their weary eyes to a day in the dim future when the party will be revived by some miracle.

Some exile activists are suggesting boycotting the referendum. Perhaps, they may be able to persuade people in Burma not to vote in the referendum. The low turn out at the referendum may discredit it; but as the latest referendum law does not mention the minimum level of turn out for its validity, low turn out will not stop junta from declaring victory. On the other hand, it’s a certainty that junta will force its soldiers, soldiers’ families and civil servants to cast a “Yes” vote. And, junta lackey militant Kyant-phut and Swan-arr-shin organizations will mobilize their members to intimidate people to go to voting stations and vote “Yes”. Eventually, junta will just count what ever “Yes” votes they can garner and declare that more than 99.99% has voted Yes!

So, alternatively, some suggest making a “No” campaign, to urge people to go and vote No. There’s no question about people’s loathing of corrupt military rulers, and in all possibilities people will take “No” vote as their natural revenge on the brutal military junta. So “No” vote is the natural outcome for the referendum, provided it be genuinely free and fair with real secret voting system. “No” vote will teach a tough lesson to the military and seriously damage their ambition for a perpetual dominance in Burma’s politics. That’s why the all powerful military will not allow “No” campaign to win. Even now, to dishearten “No” campaigners, military is spreading rumours that if “No” campaign wins, another national convention will be convened again which will take another fifteen years like the previous one, effectively giving the military another fifteen years at least to go on ruling as transitional de facto government.

No one knows exactly how the military will respond to a victory of “No” vote. But, nonetheless, people will just have to vote “No” to a constitution which gives 25% of seats in both houses of parliament to military officers hand-picked by their commander-in-chief, which allows military to operate as a totally independent institution with no control what so ever by civilian government on it, which allows military to take over power virtually at any time they like, which allows only three presidential candidates with one of then to be hand-picked by the military. Only fools and soldiers will vote “Yes” to such a constitution; “No” vote is the only choice for people, and “No” campaign is a must for all political activists.

But, as no one knows if the military will really hold a free and fair referendum, as no one knows how military will respond to a “No” victory, and as nothing is certain in Burma where a bunch of unreasonable military generals have absolute control over everything, “No” campaign alone will not be enough solution for Burma’s problems. And, politicians and activists who want to carry on the torch of their political aspirations into long distant future, however bleak it might be, need to start preparing now for all eventualities beyond 2008 May referendum.

Here, it’d not be very impolite to point out an important reason of the chronic failure of Burma’s pro-democracy movement, that is the very re-active nature of many a movement leaders who lack pro-active plans but like to issue one ineffectual statement after another only in a sluggish response to those cunning political moves by street-wise military generals extending and strengthening their powers. Usually, whenever Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is under house-arrest, her deputies just wait for her return, acting only as quiescent care-takers in the mean time. But the problem is she has been under house-arrest most of the time during the last two decades. So, it’s not surprising that she seems to become quite frustrated with the current situation of apparent lack of life in her party. And she, during her last meeting earlier this year with her party elders, pointed out to them the need to carry on the fight with or without her inspiration, and to be able to make decisions with or without her guidance, especially at this critical moment for the future of the country.

So, while making “No” campaign, activists should also start thinking about the next steps to take when military junta declare, in a believe-it-or-not manner, that their constitution has been approved by referendum.

When the new constitution come into effect, by hook or by crook, there will open up three main options to continue the fight against military oppressors _

  1. To take the new constitution as the symbol of total defeat and failure of current non-violent struggle, and launch an all out armed revolution.
  2. To continue the non-violent struggle but in a more active manner, taking direct actions frequently, mobilizing Saffron Revolution style people power uprisings as frequently as possible, trying to destabilize any future puppet civilian government under military control.
  3. To play along with the new constitution and take part in elections and attempt to fight any future puppet civilian government from inside, or from inside the parliament
    Actually, all these three components can be used in a harmoniously synchronized combination. But to accomplish such a massive political effort and organization, pro-democracy parties will need new generations of more daring and more active leaders.

In reality, number two and number three options are more practically feasible than the first, as armed revolution nowadays seem to become totally obsolete. Since “nine eleven” no government around the world would provide assistance to an armed revolution in Burma, however much sympathetic they are to Burma’s struggle for democracy. And all those successful coloured democratic uprisings (velvet one in Georgia, orange one in Ukraine, etc) in recent history are based on non-armed movements. Even the terrorist Hamas has finally come to power in Gaza Strip through political elections. Likewise, today’s major armed ethnic resistance groups in Burma, if they understand changing trends in the world, will in near future need to form political wings like Sin Fein of IRA, to take part in elections and to make two-pronged efforts (non-armed political offensives as well as armed self defence against any attempted genocide) ultimately towards self-determination and autonomy in their homelands.

If the pro-democracy movement, especially the movement’s main political party the National League for Democracy NLD, is to survive and thrive beyond 2008, and beyond 2010, the party must try to build political muscle. Of course, military junta and its security apparatuses and its future successor puppet civilian government will all try their best to contain and crush NLD party. But if there’s a will, there will be a way. There had been many instances in the past where activists successfully organized strong movements despite intense scrutiny and tight control by security forces; e.g. , under difficult situations students organized and mobilized protests in 1987, 1988, 1996, and student leaders initiated white shirt movement and open heart campaigns of 2006 and anti-inflation demonstrations of 2007 despite the junta stamping down on them. And with the new constitution and new elections in 2010, it will become inevitable for military junta to allow some room for political activities inside the country. So NLD must try to regroup and rebuild itself, and must try to establish a well organized political institution inside the country, mostly above ground but also some under ground elements as required; and there must be a long line up, a virtually endless supply, of new generation leaders who will take over and carry on the fight whenever their senior colleagues are arrested or eliminated by the military.

Most important above all else will be to bring together people power; to re-align the movement as one for the people, and by the people, instead of a movement by a small group of politicians for transfer of power to their party.

Recently, there has been poverty relief efforts and rice distribution by Amyotheryei U Win Naing and group. And, there was Ko Htin Kyaw and group who voiced people’s concerns for the worsening poverty, lack of credible social welfare and lack of electricity supply, etc. And, there was an effort by Phyu Phyu Thin and group to provide assistance to HIV patients. And there were attempts by Su Su Nway and group to protect the rights of people used as forced labourers by the military. And there even is a group led by actor Kyaw Thu providing free funeral arrangements for poor families. And there are many a faceless civilian journalists and bloggers from inside Burma who try to record the sufferings of people and spread the word to the outside world. And there are numerous groups which are providing healthcare, education, food, shelter and other helps to refugees, migrants and displaced people along Thai-Burma border.

But sadly, we haven’t seen anything significant done, or said, by current caretaker leaders of the movement, and the elected people’s representatives inside and outside the country, for the relief of poverty and sufferings of the people.

Since 1990, all policy platforms of current caretaker leaders of the movement and the elected people’s representatives inside and outside the country have steadfastly been based on 1990 election results; all statements issued, all request and proposals made to the junta, all petitions and open letters written to United Nations, all policy initiatives laid down, and all political strategies designed have consistently been centred around 1990 election results and the need to get power transferred according to 1990 election results.

But the truth is, after nearly two whole decades, under very terrible real-life situations on the ground, the long suffering and now virtually starving people are no longer interested in election results of twenty years ago. And, the younger newer generation activists of today were either born after 1990 elections or were in a very tender young childhood at the time of the election. So, although they care very much about nowadays’ terrible poverty suffered by their fellow country men under a corrupt military junta, they do not care that much about an election result some two decades ago which the military junta refused to recognize.

And remember that the massive Saffron Revolution of 2007 was not at all about politics or political parties or political elections. The people in 2007 were already absolutely poor and on the brink of starvation which was dramatically worsened by junta’s five-fold increase in fuel prices. Angry people led by their student leaders came out onto streets and marched and made protests which were supported by Buddhist monks, which led to brutal beatings by soldiers on the monks, which in turn angered the mass of Buddhist monks and devotees in majority Buddhist country Burma, eventually leading to the explosion of the Saffron Revolution. So it is very clear that Saffron Revolution exploded solely and spontaneously out of people’s poverties and miseries, nothing to do with politicians or political parties.

Since before 1990, and until now, people of Burma have been trying to get rid of an unwanted military rule. But there is a delicate and gradual change in underlying reason to get rid of the military rule. In 1990s people were angry with the military junta because they felt that, by refusing to recognize 1990 election results, the military had cheated people of their legitimate choice of government. But in 2007 and now, people are angry with the military junta because military generals’ corruptions, brutalities and incompetence has caused so much and so terrible sufferings to the people.

So, if the pro-democracy movement is to survive and thrive beyond 2008 and 2010, there are two imminent and immediate requirements to fulfil.

The first is to reinvigorate the movement by getting more energetic new generation leaders who can get along and go along with people better, and are bold enough to initiate, organize and lead people power movements as required to take direct political action against military aggressors.

Nowadays’ younger generation of grass-root junior activists are looking for new generation leaders, like the 8888 generation students, who understand the people and are understood in return by the people, who sympathize with the people and are sympathized by the people, who speak out for the people and are spoken very highly of by the people, who stood up for the people and are rallied around by the people.

And the second requirement is to realign the movement with the people by speaking up about people’s sufferings, representing people’s interests, trying to help people in every possible way, fighting for the people, fighting to get power for the people but not fighting to get power for a party.

Usually, in democratic systems politicians whose policies best reflect people’s most pressing concerns have the best chance to get elected. Bill Clinton on economy platform during economic recessions of the beginnings of 1990s. Second Bush winning second term with a tough warrior stance on national security platform during an era of terrorist phobia.

As people in Burma are suffering quite a lot, there are a lot of things which Burmese politicians can speak out for their people. First of all there is very high inflation and low income, coupled with high un-employment and low morale. Many people are starving, and millions of children are malnourished. Child mortality rate is very high. With very meagre and poor quality health-care, maternal mortality rate is also high; and general population’s life expectancy is also very low. Nasty infectious diseases like HIV, TB, etc are very prevalent. Education system is very chaotic. Starving and un-educated children are sold into sex-slavery or used as under-age under-paid labourers. Jobless women also fall into prostitution in neighbouring countries. Military frequently uses people as unpaid forced labourers. Military also uses child soldiers. Military can confiscate people’s houses, land and any thing they want at any time and any where they like without giving any compensation. Judges, juries and the whole judicial system runs on bribery. The entire government bureaucratic system from top to bottom is rife with corruptions. And there is no media freedom, and all phones and emails and internet access are tightly controlled and monitored by security forces. If we go on and on (I¡Ä(B.. there will be an endless list of people’s sufferings. There is quite a lot for politicians to speak out on behalf of the people; they only need to have a will to do so. If politicians really love their country, as they usually tend to claim, they must think more about helping the people rather than about getting power for themselves. In a democratic system politicians really need to serve the people.

And, by the way, a few words about Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; there is a very strong possibility that the people’s long drawn-out struggle for human rights in Burma may outlive their leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. There is a very essential need to keep the freedom struggle and revolutionary spirit alive as long as necessary, until Burma become fully democratic with genuine and complete human rights, which may take up to twenty years or fifty years or even a century if all these democratic reforms and human rights improvements are to develop so very gradually against generations upon generations of hard-line dogmatic aggressive military generals who want to maintain their dominance in Burma’s politics. The need is real, and may be even urgent, to make sure that the struggle will not die down or fizzle out when, in an eventuality, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is no longer there to inspire it and lead it.

And concerning exile politicians; although they cannot serve the people directly, must try to make a difference in Burma’s politics by repeatedly telling the international community time and again about the non-inclusive nature of the constitution drafting convention, the un-democratic nature of the new constitution, the lack of transparency in the referendum, so the illegitimacy of coming elections in 2010, and also the puppet nature of the future civilian government which the military is trying to install under their control.

And for the United Nations and the international community; if they really want to help Burma, they must first try to understand the true nature of Burma’s current problems, and need to see clearly that Burma’s problem is not a power struggle between a political party and a military junta, but is about the suffering, poverty and misery of the people under a corrupt and incompetent military junta. So if international community want to give a genuine help to people of Burma, they must try to help relieve sufferings of the people, and also get more freedom for the people if possible. Before UN envoy Mr Gambari’s latest visit to Burma, when he sent five written requests to the junta, one of the requests was about co-operations between UN and Burmese junta to make a joint effort for poverty relief for the poor people of Burma. But it was rudely rejected by the military junta. But Mr Gambari should not be disappointed by the junta’s total indifference towards people’s sufferings, but keep up his good work and try again, and again, to provide direct help to the people.

And the future civilian government after 2010 elections (even though it most probably will be a puppet one); it should try its best to reduce hostilities among all political factions in Burma, and try to build trust, try to be flexible, and try to work well with all politicians and parties in the parliament; should even try to form a broad-based big-tent government if possible.

One last word, for the generals, about sanctions_ generals need to understand that sanctions are the fruits of their own wrong doings. As long as military dominance is persisting in Burma, so also will the sanctions be on the businesses of military generals, their families and cronies. Sanctions nowadays are a default response mechanism of international community to any authoritarian regime. So if they really want lifting of sanctions, Burmese generals need to show that they deserve it by making solid credible, even if gradual, reforms in the right direction.

(The author got the M.B.,B.S. Medical Degree from Burma but is not practising in UK. He  is now a post graduate Law student in London; and general secretary of the UK-based exile branch of Burma’s National League for Democracy)

Myanmar mainstream media urgently needs new philosophies

  Myanmar mainstream media

urgently needs new philosophies

Modified and edited the original letter in Malaysiakini written by JD Lovrenciear.

I have edited and adapted to the Myanmar context from the original article.

I hope that  JD Lovrenciear and Malaysiakini could understand and forgive us for this. They should even be proud that they could contribute a very good article for the fellow Myanmar/Burmese citizens.

The largely unexpected turn of events arising from the recent Safron Revolution and the spread of the news photos and VCD news spreading out through internet and U Tube, defying and escaping the very strict censorship on all the media (read mainstream media), only further reaffirms the opinion and thinking of viewers about the Myanmar Military’s brutality.

Some honest questions need to be raised, reflected upon and addressed in a learned manner if we are to see the survival of the media – especially the mainstream print and electronic media and the laws affecting them. This is the responsibility of not only those on-the-job, but also more importantly the media owners (in Myanmar all the newspapers are owned by the military government and most of the private journals are also owned by military, ex-military, cronies of military and journalists who are sycophants or affiliated to the military) together with the law makers. And of particular crucial importance are the Myanmar medium mainstream media given our geographical demographics.

A continuing disregard for the harsh realities affecting the reputation of the mainstream media is not going to add any advantage especially to the government of the day as we have witnessed from the outcome of the 1990 elections.

As aptly stated by Kathleen Hall Jamieson, the media world has been ‘turned upside down and inside out’ given the ‘rise of consolidation and deregulation’ (2006).

While the aim of this letter is not to give a lecture on the media – which the media is only all too familiar with – lawmakers and politicians need to pay particular attention to and learn to leave the job of journalism and its business to professionals.

The starting line is the expired need to re-look our media laws, namely the Printing Presses and Publishing Rules and Regulations and the Internal Security Act. While these Acts were introduced with good intentions and at a time of bygone urgencies, the continued use of them without any objective and impartial review has not served us well and never will anyway.

Today, we have seen on a first-hand basis how the media, despite its long years of walking a ‘safe’ path in reporting news owing to an innate fear of being hauled up and axed, has miserably failed to safeguard the interests of its political masters who own and or manipulate its existence.

Today we are all well aware of how the ‘new’ media namely the Internet and the mobile phone have driven an obvious wedge into the mainstream media’s operating patronage and its many silly spins.

In the light of this new age media presence, its influence and growing credibility, the Myanmar medium newspapers, in particular, need to come to terms with their blind and patronising allegiance to the military corridors of power. If the lessons learnt in the recent 1990 elections, 8888 revolution and Safron Revolution do not shake the blinkers off their current stance, the military generals who use these media can only be prepared for more disasters in the years ahead of the next referendum and poll.

In the wake of failings, military generals would never trying to hide that our Myanmar media is never free and that the alternative media is the to be blamed as its is exercising no self-censorship but full of lies and propagandas churned out by the axe handle Myanmar exiles dancing to the tune of their financier new colonial powers e.g USA, EU and Australia e.t.c. But journalists will confide away from the presence of their military bosses that if they do not toe the line, the exit door awaits them and could even end their lives in the notorious Ye Kyi Aine..

In a nutshell, our Myanmar mainstream media is merely for some to have a job to pay their bills and let us not kid ourselves on this underpinning truth..

We all Myanmar citizens are day-dreaming for the time that the media – particularly the Myanmar print media and the Myanmar television stations Myanmar TV, Myawaddy and MRTV – recognise the revolutionising media scape and take pains to champion professional journalism and not continue to suffer under strong arm of military censorships. And to facilitate this, it is about time that military stopped taking ownership stakes in mainstream media or dailies. Opposition Political parties should also be given the permission to print newspaper and journals.

Hopefully, as the nation remains focused on the path of seven steps to democracy, Myanmar Military Junta leaders will wake up and accept the fact that a free media has all the ingredients to help the nation grow from various vantages.

For one, investors will appreciate the presence of a non-political media. The people will be more receptive to facts presented and therefore make healthy and informed conclusions. This, in turn, will enable our military junta generals and opposition politicians to stay on their feet.

A free media will also mean that the fight against corruption and the government’s pledge to eradicate any form of crony and corrupt practices will gain credibility and support.

And, most importantly, a media that is free from political affiliations or patronage and control will play a significant role in the urgent need to influence perceptions.

Hopefully, we Myanmar citizens can see some significant changes in the philosophies of our media and their business direction. Otherwise, the media must only prepare for its own burial over time.

The true purveyors of power – the people of Burma

  The true purveyors of power – the people of Burma

Modified and edited the original letter in Malaysiakini written by Naragan.

I have edited and adapted to the Myanmar context from the original article. I hope that  Naragan and Malaysiakini could understand and forgive us for this. They should even be proud that they could contribute a very good article for the fellow Myanmar/Burmese citizens.

When we have to move the mountain there is only one way – that is through synergy, the type of synergy achieved on 8888 and during Safron Revolution was through the People Power. We have taken that first step in working collectively as a block to deny the legitimacy to the Myanmar Military Governments so as to check their arrogance.

I must congratulate the Burmese citizens for this wonderful exercise in synergy. If any military leader tries to play around with the people, the people are going to send them packing before too long. If they choose not to listen to the people and insist on playing the race card and hope to promote their interest by the old divide and rule policy, they can see what will happen – the race card is not working any more.

Look at NLD’s phenomenal success in the 1990 elections. This is a learning experience for us, the people, and is clearly writing on the wall for the Tatmadaw leaders who persist in continuing to play the race card.

If Than Shwe, Maung Aye, Shwe Man, Thein Sein and all the other Tatmadaw leaders do not start to come clean from here onwards, the end surely awaits them the next time around. I really do not expect that they will come clean, so surely the next step for the people is to force them totally out by the People’s Power Movement.

To Than Shwe, when you use unjust laws to suppress caring and sensitive people who try to raise genuine grievances, this is what you will get – a kick in a very painful place. Every action has an equal and opposite reaction is an old adage.

To the racist Tatmadaw generals, you must realise the futility of the repeated racial riots in your playing of the race card.

Kyant Phut and Swan Arrshin, stop your petty gangsterism, the days of such tactics are gone – we live in a more complex world.

And Kyaw San, do not think you can do whatever you want or say whatever you want and get away with it. Look back at the verdict of the people. Where is the racism in these elections other than what you have been pushing?

Those SPDC Generals remaining in power should by now understand the people indeed are the true and ultimate purveyors of power. If you do not acknowledge this and do not adjust your behaviour appropriately, the worst is yet to come for you. 1990 election spoke for itself. United the people stand and united the people will act.

The limits of democracy and individualism

The limits of democracy and individualism


A REPUBLIC OF VIRTUEDr Azly Rahman aar26@columbia.edu

Posted by Raja Petra   

I begin with two familiar quotes:

“A life unexamined is not worth living,” said Socrates.

“Work hard as if you are to live forever, devote your beingness to the Creator as if you are to die tomorrow,” goes a saying attributed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

In this third part of our discussion, we will talk about the world within and this relates to the limits of democracy and individualism. I use the word “personacracy” or “deeply personal democracy” to describe what is it that we need to know about ourselves in order to navigate through the politics of representation of the modern world and signs and symbols of the postmodern environment we inhabit. We need, as an American social critic Frederic Jameson called a “cartography of the self” or a GPS system of our inner and outer world to function in this environment.

But first, what does being and “individual” mean? Let me offer a perspective that you can build upon. I need you to listen carefully to the concepts. They might make sense.


How limiting can the term “individualist” mean if it hovers merely within the realm of one’s beingness in relation to this world wherein information is mistaken for knowledge and propaganda for truth within the assumption that what we know can merely be grasped by the senses five?

If one’s entire beingness and becomingness is shackled by it being shaped by the apparatuses of the modern state, as the Italian thinker Antonio Gramsci once said, and if one’s understanding of the world is merely a mimic of what politics, culture and scientism has dictated, then the word “individualism” is but a term coined so that the personhood in each and every one of us becomes an object to be studied through the process of Othering. Within this delimiting and shackling context then, I must name myself less as an individual and more as a “personacrat.”

My personacratic self primarily aims at understanding first and foremost my inner world with its attendant beauty and self-government, evolving personhood, destroying of paradigms and perpetual awareness of the supraconsciousness of what lies within. I am a personacrat derived from a conceptual meadow I coin as “personacracy”; a government (kratos) of the self, by the self, for the self.

I reject all forms of democracy; the illusionary system of government which has lost its meaning since it was first conceptualised. Personacracy allows me to be in this world of illusion, of Maya, but not be and become part of it. I am thus in this world but not of this world.


The government I have created in my wakefulness entails me to mediate between the I and the Thou-ness of the scheme of things. I conjure Existence as the highest ideal, going beyond merely thinking therefore I exist, rather believing that I exist within a universe of Existence. I persist to exist within this encapsulated notion called mind and body and persist to believe that when this body rots, death becomes the beginning of perpetual existence. I am eternal within this form and shape of beingness, until eternity calls upon me to be me with Nature and to be a witness to the Truth I have longed to meet.

I am truth within a Truth of greater magnitude. I am one and indivisible within a greater design of Oneness and Indivisibility. I utilize my senses five with guidance from my Inner Self in turn guided by a counter-balancing self within. And within these faculties and the political organs within, my entire personhood is a government in itself to be ethnically mastered and maneuvered through the oceans of mercy I call the world outside.

I am thus as such, closer to my Self than my jugular vein! In what ways then, am I not individualistic? Here are a few: I once wept when I had no shoes, until I saw a man with no feet; I once believed that man can rise to become Superman, until I sank deeper within myself to become a vicegerent of the Supreme Spirit; I once believed that life is to be lived until I heard one say the life unexamined is not worth living; I once believed that we live once and then die, until I discovered that death to me comes by every nightfall and I live a new life by every break of day; I once heard of a distant heaven and hell, until I name them so as I can be in them; I once let time pass, until I became it and gave what it asked for; I once thought loneliness is bliss until I began to desire of its unspeakable beauty; I once asked who should govern and why must I be governed until I found the ways to govern those within me who longed to be governed; I once marveled at creation, destruction and sustenance until I found that I am all in one Creator, Destroyer and Sustainer.

I am this world within and the world without but not with it. Because if I am part of it, I will be apart from the Thou I longed to be part of! I am a traveler passing through time. In my journey I have met mice and men, savages and savants, politicians and philosophers, economists and eco-feminists.

In my journey I have met Marx, Nietzsche, Sartre, Foucault, Al Ghazalli and Al Arabi, and philosophers beyond the type of individualism I have been told to mimic. I am taking to the road not taken, for it should make a difference and as I pass through, I kept looking at open windows lest I be oblivious of what this world may teach.

Life and death

And as I pass through I become more subdued in my anger of what has wrought this world and made men wretched of the earth as I know that this journey is an arduous one; one which begins with a web of guess but will end at a point of certainty.

And at the moment of death, the end of the road, I am meeting a self of whom I am familiar with, who I once met before this journey begins. I create the rock I choose to roll so that one should imagine me happy. I can soar among eagles and dwell among sparrows.

Life, to me is not an end game but a journey towards Light, which has neither a beginning nor an end. And hence, why am I not an individual and democrat?

Because the world is too much for me. If all the world’s a stage, I insist not being a mere player but to create one for myself so that I can, in the end hold it like a crystal ball – the world and the stage and its players in all. Is there not beauty in personacracy, than in democracy?

I believe, therefore I am a personacrat!

I hope you have questions on this part of the lecture and I hope you will be able to understand a perspective of the self better.

In the last part I shall talk about your role as students, by way of learning from your environment, by naming it, and transforming it when the time for change requires you to do so.


Reform Is Not Revolution

Modified and edited the original comment written By TAY TIAN YAN/ Sin Chew Daily and blogged by By labisman    .

I have edited and adapted to the Myanmar context from the original article in the Sin Chew Daily  newspaper by TAY TIAN YAN. I hope that the Sin Chew Daily  newspaper and Ms.  TAY TIAN YAN could understand and forgive us for this. They should even be proud that they could contribute a very good article for the fellow Myanmar/Burmese citizens

Change is not revolution. The new civilian governments of future Myanmar must understand the difference.

Revolution is to overturn the existing regime, to break its original system, as well as to negate its original policy. In short, everything has to be restart.

In the 1799 French Revolution, the people overthrew the monarchy of Louis XVI to establish the Republic. The new regime negated the old order. One of the leaders, Robespierre said: “Louis must die for the sake of the Republic”. As a result, Louis was executed.

However, the Republic had also entered into a major catastrophe. The latest event was in the 1980s. The General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev, wanted to reform the Soviet Union.

His “Glasnot” (open up) and “Perestoika” (reform) are like two scalpels and cut on the patient- Soviet Union. The Soviet Union finally died within the next few years.

The history tells the world that changing the politics is different from changing the hairstyle. It cannot be changed immediately. Any changes must be gradual and step by step. It is especially for the deep-rooted old thinking, where patience and persuasion are needed for slow inspiration.

New thinking also need to be nurtured and instilled for a long period before they can become the mainstream values.

The thinking of racism and privileges will not disappear overnight. Of course, these thinkings may not dominate the country as what they were in the past. Nevertheless, they will still exist in some people’s mind and mixed into the ideology of some political parties.

The new governments must be patient. They must also avoid making drastic changes. The government can review the deviations of the Old Economic Policy silently. However, it does not need any publicity. Otherwise, the rebound will be very intense. The people with bad intention might strike back and it may create social differences.

After all, reform is not revolution. (By TAY TIAN YAN/ Sin Chew Daily)

Added as Comment ( Somewhere from Raja Petra’s web) 

Maybe we should do what Bakri Musa has suggested, hit the donkey on the head with a piece of wood. Than Shwe may realize his unwelcome then. 

The Sr General Than Shwe has not appeared in public. It is likely (or rather it should be) that Burmese will boo him wherever and whenever he is seen in public. This is a prospect the Sr General Than Shwe will have to face for every extra day he remains in power. May I suggest that all right thinking Burmese start a booing campaign from today. Whenever the Sr General Than Shwe appears in public people must boo. Other things that we can do are to turn our backs when they are present or just ignore them. Let’s make them feel the unwelcome they are denying again.

Its time for you to leave now, Sr General Than Shwe.

Either go in peace or you will be kicked out bouncing on your head.

The people will soon start booing you everywhere you go.

Worse your wife will also get booed.

Soon you must lock yourself up inside your house and office and cannot venture out at all.Leave now.

Get out.

Be gone.


Why trying for a sham referendum that would be rejected by the people and the world?

Why trying for a sham referendum

that would be rejected by the people and the world?

I have edited and adapted to the Myanmar context from the original article in the Malaysiakini by KSN. I hope that the Malaysiakini and KSN could understand and forgive us for this. They should even be proud that they could contribute a very good article for the fellow Myanmar/Burmese citizens

Our people had already spoken in 1990, Burma has spoken, spoken emphatically, loud and clear that their choice is Daw Aung San suu Kyi and NLD but not the civilian puppets of the military. Let me share my thoughts and the message the results convey to various parties who contested the elections.

To the SPDC or what was called SLORC or what is going to be called Kyant Phuts:

We, Myanmars or Burmese citizens want a government of capable, efficient, competent, clean and intellectually respectable leaders with integrity. There were none earlier. Is there any left? I have my doubts.

We want transparency in administration in all aspects especially in the utilisation of public funds, tax payers’ money. We want corruption to be zero without exclusion. We want an independent and competent judiciary, decisions based on law, interpreted without fear or favour. We want fair representation in the civil service across the board at all levels, befitting a multiracial country and population.

We, the people of Myanmar or Burma, are not as stupid as Myanmar Military Generals think. The 1990 election results is proof of that. We understand right and wrong, justice and injustice, fair and unfair policies and practices. We want the best brains, in both men and women in all jobs under government control at all levels especially for heads of all pubic services, corporations, statutory bodies, the police force, the anti-corruption agency, the attorney-general’s chambers etc.

We want an independent anti-corruption agency. We want an independent Attorney-General. We want an independent IGP and enforcement of laws without fear or favour. We want a non-racial based government. We do not want a Cabinet representing based on races and religions. It is the duty of the government to take proper care of all irrespective of race and religion.

We do not want the federal government development denied to states under the control of opposition parties. We do not want a government that intimidates the people with racial riots. That does not wash anymore as people have grown up and are matured and realise that everyone will lose in such tragic situations. Those who talk publicly about the tragedy just for votes will run away with their ill-gotten wealth which is parked all over the world.

For the opposition:

Do not take the support you have received for granted. Run the state under your control, if you have a chance to rule over, in an exemplary manner taking into consideration the factors listed above for the SPDC.

Discuss and reach an common platform which will benefit the people and the country. The message from the election results is that our people are ready and willing to receive a multiracial and multi-religious government.

Give Daw Aung San suu Kyi a chance to lead such a party.

General suggestions:

SPDC, Myanmar Military Junta, Kyant Phut, Swan Arrshin, U Paine and all the military affiliated parties should wind up. They are ‘dead’ anyway. Please do not exist for the benefit of few.

This letter may not contain anything new but it reflects the ordinary Burmese hopes, aspirations, expectations and dreams for the future of Myanmar and its future generations. The 1990 election results is a ‘statement’ that Burma wanted the true democracy after all.

Why need a new sham referendum and a new election when all of us know that the Myanmar people and the whole world including United Nations would not accept those as the legal process.