Islamic practices Vs Islamic values

Islamic practices


Islamic values


Adapted, added facts and edited

from Raja Petra Kamarudin’s article

(I had also written letters to Malaysia PM Tun Dr M and Tan Sri Razali using the same ideas and quotations in early 2000)

Muslims are very ritualistic in their Islamic beliefs and practices. They do not seem to care much about values. It is practice that counts when it comes to Muslims. Values don’t count. For that matter, some of the Muslims do not even seem to understand what Islamic values are.If you were to ask a Muslim what Islam is all about, they would reply Islam is about_  


  1. accepting Allah as the one and only God and
  2. Muhammad as the final Prophet of God,
  3. performing the five times a day ritual prayers,
  4. fasting for 30 days or so during the month of Ramadhan,  
  5. paying the zakat and fitrah tithes, and
  6. performing the Haj pilgrimage in the Holy Land of Mekah at least once in your life.

And Islam is restricted to just those five rules mentioned above. There is no need to do more than that. It is enough to accept those five rules and practice only. And this will guarantee you heaven while all others who do not believe in and practice those few those five rules mentioned above will rot in hell for eternity. This is what the Muslims have been taught to believe.

I believe that there is more to Islam than mere rituals. Islam is not just about rituals. Islam is also about values.And one of the most important values of Islam is to_


  1. ‘propagating good and
  2. forbidding evil’.


‘propagating good and forbidding evil’ _

  1. is not optional.
  2. It is compulsory.
  3. Islam makes it mandatory that we oppose evil.

We are asked to oppose evil with our hands.

Our Prophet (pbuh) has been asked by God:

“I have been ordered to dispense justice between you.”

“Whenever you judge between people, you should judge with (a sense of) justice” (4:58).

The Prophet has said:

“If any one of you comes across an evil,

he should try to stop it with his hand (using force),

if he is not in a position to stop it with his hand

then he should try to stop it by means of his tongue

(meaning he should speak against it).

If he is not even able to use his tongue

then he should at least condemn it in his heart.

This is the weakest degree of faith”


  1. “Co-operate with one another for virtue and heedfulness

  2. and do not co-operate with one another

  3. for the purpose of vice and aggression” (5:2).

This means that_

  1. who perpetrates deeds of vice and aggression,

  2. even if he is our closest relation or neighbour,

  3. does not have the right to win our support

  4. and help in the name of race, country, language or nationality.

This is what Islam says. Is it because these rituals are compulsory? Is it because you would not be a perfect Muslim if you did not perform these rituals?Hey, these are only rituals. Rituals are not values. Rituals are merely a demonstration that you have values. It is pointless performing rituals if you lack values. Rituals are not important if you lack faith or values. Rituals are the end result of the values you hold. If you did not believe that there is a God would you want to pray? Would it serve any purpose that you prayed if you did not believe that there is a God? If you did not believe that Muhammad was the last Prophet, if you think that he is a fake, is there any purpose in performing the rituals that Muhammad taught mankind? Your prayers are between you and God. Whether you perform them or not is between you and God. It does not concern anyone else. The same goes for all those other rituals as well.  But if you do not stand up for justice and fight against evil, oppression, persecution, etc., then it is no longer between you and God.



  1. God can forgive you for not praying.
  2. God can forgive you for the beer you drink every night.
  3. But God will never forgive you for your sins against society.

By not opposing evil you have not sinned against God.

You have sinned against  millions of fellow-Muslims and other humans. And you will have to seek forgiveness from all of them. God can’t forgive you. Muslims and other humans will have to do that.


6. Justice 7. Equality of Humans 8. The Right to Co-operate or Not to

6. The Right to Justice

The Holy Quran has said:

“Do not let your hatred of a people incite you to aggression” (5:2). “And do not let ill-will towards any folk incite you so that you swerve from dealing justly. Be just; that is nearest to heedfulness” (5:8).

Stressing this point the Quran again says:

“You who believe stand steadfast before God as witness for (truth and) fair play” (4:135).

Muslims have to be just not only with ordinary human beings but even with their enemies.

The justice to which Islam invites her followers is not limited only to _

  1. the citizens of their own country, or

  2. the people of their own tribe,

  3. nation or

  4. race, or

  5. the Muslim community as a whole,

  6. but it is meant for all the human beings of the world.

Muslims therefore, cannot be unjust to anyone.

7. Equality of Human Beings

Islam recognizes absolute equality between men irrespective of any distinction of colour, race or nationality.

The Almighty God has laid down in the Holy Quran:

  1. “O mankind, we have created you from a male and female.”

  2. In other words all human beings are brothers to one another.

  3. They all are the descendants from one father and one mother.

  4. “And we set you up as nations and tribes so that you may be able to recognize each other” (49:13).
  5. The division of human beings into nations, races, groups and tribes is for the sake of distinction, so that people of one race or tribe may meet and be acquainted with the people belonging to another race or tribe and co-operate with one another.
  6. This division of the human race is neither meant for one nation to take pride in its superiority over others nor is it meant for one nation to treat another with contempt or disgrace, or regard them as a mean and degraded race and usurp their rights.
  7. “Indeed, the noblest among you before God are the most heedful of you” (49:13).

The Prophet in address of the Farewell Hajj :

  1. “No Arab has any superiority over a non-Arab,
  2. nor does a non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab.
  3. Nor does a white man have any superiority over a black man
  4. or the black man any superiority over the white man.
  5. You are all the children of Adam, and Adam was created from clay” (al-Bayhaqi and al-Bazzaz). 

Islam established equality for the entire human race and struck at the very root of all distinctions based on colour, race, language or nationality.

According to Islam, God has given man this right of equality as a birthright.

Therefore no man should be discriminated against on the ground of the colour of his skin, his place of birth, the race or the nation in which he was born. 

 8. The Right to Co-operate

and Not to Co-operate

“Co-operate with one another for virtue and heedfulness and

do not co-operate with one another for the purpose of vice and aggression” (5:2).

This means that who perpetrates deeds of vice and aggression,

  • even if he is our closest relation or
  • neighbour,

does not have the right to win our support and

help in the name of _

  1. race,

  2. country,

  3. language or

  4. nationality.