Answer ASEAN leaders, which of the following points you do not agree?

Answer ASEAN leaders,

which of the following points you do not agree?

 

What Western values are you afraid of ASEAN DICTATORS?

 

SPDC FM said that Daw Suu could be kept in detention because their law says the limit is six years.

Don’t forget that Myanmar SPDC law for MURDER, corruption and RAPE etc included jail and death sentences. So why the Depayin MASSACRE MASTERMIND Than Shwe was not arrested or jailed or punished to death.

 

The selective persecution is the problem. According to the ASEAN VALUES, not all the citizens are equal under the law. May be I am wrong. All the citizens are equal under the law but Military Junta and Dictators are above the law.

 

The main problem of the ASEAN is they have no respect for the Human Rights and also there is no RULE OF LAW. They all RULE BY LAW, of course with their own interpretation.

 

In conclusion there is usually NO GOOD GOVERNANCE in most of the ASEAN countries.

 

Answer ASEAN leaders, which of the following points you do not agree?

 

 

CHAPTER I. DIGNITY

Article 1 Human dignity

 

Human dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected.

 

Article 2 Right to life

 

1. Everyone has the right to life.

2. No one shall be condemned to the death penalty, or executed.

Continue reading

Good governance

Good governance

Good governance describes the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented).

GOVERNANCE

Governance can be used in several contexts such as

  • corporate governance,

  • international governance,

  • national governance

  • and local governance.

Governance is the process of_

  • decision-making

  • and the process by which decisions are implemented,

An analysis of governance focuses on _

  • the formal

  • and informal actors

  • involved in decision-making

  • and implementing

Actors in governance_

Government is one of the actors in governance. Other actors involved in governance_

In rural areas,

for example, other actors may include_

  • influential land lords,

  • associations of peasant farmers,

  • cooperatives,

  • NGOs,

  • research institutes,

  • religious leaders,

  • finance institutions

  • political parties,

  • the military etc.

In urban areas_

At the national level, in addition to the above actors_

  • media,

  • lobbyists,

  • international donors,

  • multi-national corporations, etc.

may play a role in decision-making or in influencing the decision-making process.

All actors other than government and the military are grouped together as part of the “civil society.”

In some countries_

  • in addition to the civil society,

  • organized crime syndicates also influence decision-making,

  • particularly in urban areas and at the national level.

Similarly formal government structures are one means by which decisions are arrived at and implemented.

  • At the national level, informal decision-making structures,

  • such as “kitchen cabinets”

  • or informal advisors may exist.

  • In urban areas, organized crime syndicates such as

  • the “land Mafia” may influence decision-making. In some rural areas locally powerful families may make or influence decision-making.

Such, informal decision-making is often the result of corrupt practices or leads to corrupt practices. In other words Governance means_

  • public institutions conduct public affairs,

  • manage public resources,

  • and guarantee the realization of human rights.

Good governance accomplishes this in a manner

  • essentially free of abuse and corruption,

  • free of corruption,

  • and with due regard for the rule of law.

Characteristics of Good governance:

  1. participation,

  2. rule of law,

  3. transparency,

  4. responsiveness,

  5. consensus orientation,

  6. equity and inclusiveness,

  7. effectiveness and efficiency

  8. accountability.

These characteristics assure that:

  • corruption is minimized,

  • the views of minorities are taken into account and

  • that the voices of the most vulnerable in society are heard in decision-making.

  • It is also responsive to the present and future needs of society.

But the UNESCAP United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific uses the following indicators_

  1. Voice and Accountability

  2. Political Stability and Absence of Violence

  3. Government Effectiveness

  4. Regulatory Quality

  5. Rule of Law

  6. Control of Corruption

Participation

  • By both men and women.

  • Participation could be either direct or through representatives

  • Freedom of association Freedom of expression

  • and an organized civil society.

Rule of law

  • Fair legal frameworks

  • that are enforced impartially.

  • Full protection of human rights, particularly those of minorities.

  • independent judiciary

  • and an impartial and incorruptible police force.

Transparency

  • Decisions taken and their enforcement are done in a manner that follows rules and regulations.

  • Information is freely available and directly accessible to those who will be affected by such decisions and their enforcement.

Responsiveness

Institutions and processes try to serve all stakeholders within a reasonable timeframe.

Consensus orientation

Need of mediation of _

  • the different interests in society

  • to reach a broad consensus in society

  • on what is in the best interest of the whole community

and how this can be achieved.

It also requires a long-term perspective

  • for sustainable human development

  • and how to achieve the goals of such development.

Equity and inclusiveness

Ensuring that _

  • all members of society feel that

  • they have a stake in it

  • and do not feel excluded from the mainstream.

  • This requires all groups,

  • and especially the most vulnerable

  • to have opportunities to maintain or improve their well being.

Effectiveness and efficiency

Processes and institutions

  • produce results that meet the needs of society

  • while making the best use of resources at their disposal.

  • It also means sustainable use of natural resources

  • and the protection of the environment.

  • This can only result from an understanding of the historical, cultural and social contexts of a given society or community.

Accountability

  1. Governmental institutions

  2. as well as the private sector

  3. and civil society organizations

must be accountable to the public and to their institutional stakeholders.

A basic practical example of good governance would be

  • where a member of a committee,

  • with a vested interest in a topic being discussed at committee,

  • would absent themselves from the discussion

  • and not attempt to exert influence.

  • See also Ethics in Public Office and Due Diligence.

gg.gif

Figure 2: Characteristics of good governance

CONCLUSION

From the above discussion it should be clear that good governance

is an ideal which is difficult to achieve in its totality.

Very few countries and societies have come close to achieving good governance in its totality.

However, to ensure sustainable human development, actions must be taken to work towards this ideal with the aim of making it a reality. http://www.institutionalreform.org/

Corruption

Corruption is the use of public resources for private gain –

a betrayal of the public confidence invested in individuals with access to public resources.

Corrupt practices are found in_

  • all branches of government,

  • in business,

  • and even within civil society.

The broader consequences are

  • a slowing down,

  • or even reversal,

of development goals, particularly in countries that are most vulnerable to economic downturns and political upheaval.

Within any given sphere

  • e.g., legislative,

  • economic,

  • judicial),

Corruption is largely the outcome of_

  • a breakdown in legitimate

  • or just rules and practices (institutions),

  • leading to unfair or arbitrary institutions

NST Online  2007/12/05

Tolerance aids good governance

 

KUALA LUMPUR: Tolerance is a vital element for Asean countries to have

  1. good governance,

  2. practise democracy

  3. and defend human rights.

Asean Eminent Persons Group chairman Tun Musa Hitam said if Asean was not tolerant, democracy could not work and freedom would have no meaning.

He said this after delivering his keynote address at a two-day colloquium on

“Good Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights — The Way Forward for Asean”

jointly organised by the Asean Inter-Parliamentary Caucus for Good Governance and Working Group for an Asean Human Rights Mechanism.

The former deputy prime minister said Asean governments must be positive in getting feedback and criticism on any issue and use them to improve the countries’ leadership and society.

In his speech, Musa said he preferred the phrase “credibility of the judiciary” than “an independent judiciary”.

“Credible means independent enough to make own decisions, not because of monetary, political or psychological pressures.”

The following is taken from the  old ASIA WEEK site_

What Makes Good Governance?
 

Rule of law Legal frameworks that are both fair and fairly enforced

Transparency A free flow of information so that the members of the public can understand and monitor the institutions and processes affecting their lives

Responsiveness Serving the interest of all stakeholders

Consensus Mediating different aspirations to reach broad agreement in the best interest of the community

Equity Opportunity for all men and women to improve their well-being

Effectiveness and efficiency Meeting needs through the best use of resources

Accountability Decision-makers (in government, private sector and citizens groups) must answer to the public as well as to their own organizations

Strategic vision A long-term perspective on what is needed for society to grow

Good governance

What is good governance?

Governance is the process whereby public institutions conduct public affairs, manage public resources, and guarantee the realization of human rights. Good governance accomplishes this in a manner essentially free of abuse and corruption, and with due regard for the rule of law.
read more>>

 

Good governance at the national level

There is a wealth of UN human rights standards of direct relevance and applicability to questions of good governance.
read more>>

Good governance at the international level

In a globalizing world, national and international governance are inextricably linked. International institutions of governance will be in a better position to respond to the needs of the developing world once national institutions meet the test of good governance.
read more>>

OHCHR and good governance

As mandated by the General Assembly, OHCHR is the UN’s system-wide focal point for human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Under the Secretary-General’s reform programme launched in 1997, OHCHR has also been charged with facilitating the mainstreaming of human rights in United Nations development programming.
read more>>

Assistance for good governance

In 2000, policy measures, core elements and areas of programmatic collaboration for the United Nations system were established.
read more>>

OHCHR

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Pages/WelcomePage.aspx

Dreaming an interview with DSAI or Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim Part II

Dreaming an interview with

DSAI or Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim

Part II

Beware this is just fictional, not real.

Many Malaysians affectionately referred Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim as DSAI. I have this unusual dream of getting a chance to have a face-to-face interview with DSAI. I hereby wish to apologize Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim, his family and the political party from the bottom of my heart for dragging DSAI’s name in my dreams and this article as it was never materialized or happened in the real world.

 BURMA DIGEST: Dear Datuk Sri, let’s continue with our dream interview.  

His Excellency Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim… OK. But be careful, don’t forget that you are welcome in your dreams only but not mine. 

Question…Datuk Seri, could you explain about the Civil Rights for Burmese/ Myanmars?

Answer… I would like to highlight some of the Civil Rights that should be allowed by SPDC on Burmese People.

  1. Burmese People should be allowed to openly question and discuss all of the official government policies including the present National Convention without fear or threat of prosecution with jail sentences.

  2. The SPDC government must allow Burmese citizens to demonstrate their will or grievances peacefully.

  3. Now they are jailed for peaceful political activities.

a. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and NLD leaders,

b. U Khun Tun Oo and Shan leaders,

c. U Win Tin and other journalists,

d. Min Ko Naing and Student leaders,

e.  people who distribute UN Declaration of Human Rights,

f. Su Su Nwe and others who complaint of the forced labour,

g. The honorary consul general for Scandinavian countries, Mr Nichols was jailed for using unregistered FAX MACHINE and was believed to be murdered in the jail.

4. SPDC is not seen to be relaxing the restriction on all the Civic associations and political organizations.

They must be allowed to freely organize, mobilize, and advocate their views if the Myanmar Generals want to claim that they are democratic.

The above examples above shown that there is no civil right and individual freedom under SPDC Government.

Question…Could you kindly elaborate about the Good Governance free of Corruption for Burma?
 

Answer… SPDC need to completely reform or revamp the Political, Civil, Human Rights & Economic situations before they could claim to be walking the corridors of democracy and announcing that they are practicing good governance.

  1. Police & Military must be under the control of civilian elected politicians.

  2. SPDC government’s decision-making must be transparent and must allow the public scrutiny.

  3. The present and future elected officials in the Government and civil servants must be held accountable for their actions.

  4. The government must be responsive to the public complaints and grouses.

  5. SPDC must grant the Freedom of speech for all the citizens and all the media.

  6. Under the successive Myanmar Military Governments of BSPP, SLORC and SPDC there is NO FREEDOM AFTER SPEECH. One would be definitely arrested, charged in a Kangaroo Military subservient Court and given long term sentences in Myanmar.

  7. Freedom of association for all the citizens, organizations including the opposition parties. Various Religious & Political organizations must be permitted to form, organize and active freely.

  8. SPDC must change to a True full democracy but not the guided or disciplined democracy or the corrupted flawed nor hybrid democracies.

  9. There must be Separation of Powers between the Legislative (Parliament), Administrative (Government) and Judiciary.

  10. SPDC must allow independent free media allowing investigative journalism allowing to probe the Government officials and Government Servants. It must be Independent, competitive, non-monopolized, media, free from government censorship or editorial restrictions.

  11. Allowing to set up the independent Anti Corruption Agency.

  12. Full freedom of religious-thought, belief, expression & practice, including abolition of Government controls of religious affairs.

  13. The right of self-determination for each and every citizen, irrespective of race, religion, creed, colour, gender etc. That means we all have to agree for the Rights of all the Ethnic Minorities and all the Religious Minorities.

  14. There must be a strong and firm Non-discrimination by Governments, individuals or organizations on the basis of race, nationality, colour, religion, gender, marital status, political belief or affiliation, physical or mental disability.

  15. There must be The Rule of Law; but not the Rule by Law as practiced by successive Military Governments, Ne win’s BSPP, SLORC and SPDC. And that Law must be fair and practice justice on all the citizens without any discriminations.

  16. No one must be allowed to stay above the law or allowed to break the law. The LAW or JUSTICE must be BLIND.

  17. There must be the presumption of innocence until proven guilty;

  18. Trial by jury of peers.

  19. The right to a fair trial with appeal rights.

  20. The right to adequate & independent legal representation

  21. Not only there must be fair and justice but it must be seen that there is fairness and justice.

 22.   SPDC must set up the antitrust legislature to control the monopoly in each and every field.

 23.   People must have the power to monitor and record at the distribution of wealth and opportunity among the different groups depending on race, religion and political alignment.

   24.   People must have the power to monitor and record the Political patronage- awarding government contracts, appointments, promotions, scholarships, land distributions, permits etc.

   25.   SPDC must take care of the Rural development and the Urbanization, squatter relocation and settlements must be properly planned

  26. SPDC must take care of the Basic infra-structure facilities, water, electricity, highways, telephone, multimedia facilities must be taken care of for the benefit of all the citizens.

    27. I wish to quote Thomas Jefferson_

 “That government is best which governs the least, because its people discipline themselves.”